Economic importance of goats

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Priyadarshini mannuthy

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Economic importance of goats

  1. 2. ADVANTAGES OF GOAT MILK <ul><ul><li>Comabtible nourishing natural for people who are allergic to cow milk. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-mucus forming, but actually helps to neutralize mucus. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The fat globules are 1/9 the size of cow milk </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>Content of the goat milk is very similar to mothers milk. </li></ul><ul><li>The content of the goat milk are similar to those found in the intestine and joints. Thereby making goat milk perfect food for these symptoms. </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><ul><li>Goat milk neutralizes acids and toxins. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Goat milk is high in healing enzymes and has a superior form of calcium than cow milk. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 5. ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF SHEEP AND GOAT.. IMPORTANT FARM RECORDS Aiswarya Babu (2006-03-15) Reena K K (2006-03-43) Athira C K (2006-03-68)
  5. 6. 13.1. Objectives of Record Keeping <ul><li>To identify animals belonging to a particular owner; proof of ownership </li></ul><ul><li>To use as a management tool </li></ul><ul><li>Undertake performance evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Perform genetic selection </li></ul><ul><li>Keep proper health records </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>Accurately measure production and reproduction, and </li></ul><ul><li>Perform other important management functions required to run an effective and efficient farm enterprise </li></ul>
  7. 8. BREEDING RECORDS Dam ID Dam breed Dam Birth date Sire ID Sire breed Mating date Lambing date Remarks
  8. 9. LIVESTOCK REGISTER SL NO ANI NO DOB SEX BREED SIRE DAM RECEIPT DISPOSAL SIG REMARKS DATE SOURCE DATE CAUSE
  9. 10. OTHER REGISTERS <ul><li>MILK RECORDING REGISTER </li></ul><ul><li>CALVING REGISTER </li></ul><ul><li>TREATMENT REGISTER </li></ul><ul><li>FEEDING SHEDULE REGISTER </li></ul><ul><li>SEVICE REGISTER OF DOE </li></ul>
  10. 11. FIELD RECORD KEEPING SOFTWARE PROGRAM <ul><li>Great flexibility and value for any farmer </li></ul><ul><li>Available on market today </li></ul><ul><li>Quick access to field names for viewing and </li></ul><ul><li>printing of field records </li></ul>
  11. 12. IMPORTANT THINGS CONSIDERED TO CONDUCT A PROFITABLE SHEEP AND GOAT FARM <ul><li>QUALITY OF THE ANIMAL </li></ul><ul><li>Adapted to the climate </li></ul><ul><li>Proper dairy character </li></ul>
  12. 13. MANAGEMENT <ul><li>As production increases fodder,concentrate,water,housing and care should be increased. </li></ul><ul><li>If not fulfilled heavy mortality and loss of production </li></ul><ul><li>This is a 24 hour job </li></ul>
  13. 14. FACILITIES <ul><li>Avilability of-farm land,grazing,fodder through out the year </li></ul><ul><li>Veterinarian </li></ul><ul><li>Skill for first aid </li></ul><ul><li>Feed formulation </li></ul>
  14. 15. MARKETING <ul><li>Explore the market oppurtunities in the area. </li></ul><ul><li>VALUE ADDITION </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce production cost of meat </li></ul><ul><li>more done in kid or lamp </li></ul>
  15. 16. CONTRIBUTON OF DEVELOPING COUNTRIES IN SMALL RUMINANT POPULATION <ul><li>World’s 65% of sheep and 95% goat are in developing countries </li></ul><ul><li>55% of total small animal population is mainly found in Asia particularly in India and pakistan </li></ul><ul><li>33%-Africa </li></ul><ul><li>14%-Latin america </li></ul>
  16. 17. CONTRIBUTON OF DEVELOPING COUNTRIES IN SMALL RUMINANT PRODUCTION <ul><li>SHEEP MEAT-45% </li></ul><ul><li>SHEEP MILK-54% </li></ul><ul><li>GOAT MEAT-93% </li></ul><ul><li>GOAT MILK-73% </li></ul>
  17. 18. PRICE <ul><li>CHEVON - Rs 200 </li></ul><ul><li>BEEF - Rs 130 </li></ul><ul><li>MUTTON - < than Rs 200 </li></ul><ul><li>GOAT MILK – VARIES WITH DEMAND </li></ul>
  18. 19. DYNAMICS OF WOOL PRODUCTION COUNTRYWISE
  19. 20. GLOBAL SHEEP STOCKS CHINA 157.9million AUSTRALIA 101.3 INDIA 62.5 IRAN 54 SUDAN 48 NEW ZEALAND 39.2 UK 35.8 SOUTH AFRICA 25.3 WORLD TOTAL 1059.8
  20. 21. STATE WISE GOAT POPULAATION IN INDIA STATE GOAT REMARK WEST BENGAL 18.77 HUMID REGION RAJASTHAN 16.81 ARID&SEMI ARID UP 12.94 IMP. GOAT BREEDS OF INDIA MAHARASTRA 10.68
  21. 22. STATE WISE SHEEP POPULATION IN INDIA STATE SHEEP REMARKS ANDHRA PRADESH 12.02 ARID&SEMI ARID RAJASTHAN 10.05 ARID&SEMI ARID KARNATAKA 7.26 TAMIL NADU 5.59 S&G EQUALLY DISTRIBUTED
  22. 23. INDIA’S SMALL RUMINANT POPULATION VS WORLD SPECIES INDIA WORLD INDIA’SHARE RANK GOAT 115 574 20 1 SHEEP 51 1138 4.5 5
  23. 24. <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Why small ruminant numbers not grown at a faster rate than other species esp cattle? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  24. 25. <ul><li>Low productivity assures low returns on capitals </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of available capital </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of good managemental practice </li></ul><ul><li>Physical incapability of the small producer to herd large number of animals </li></ul>
  25. 26. THANK YOU
  26. 28. INDIAN ECONOMY
  27. 29. INDIAN BUDGET -09 <ul><li>6.7% Economic growth, for past 5 years it was 8.8% </li></ul><ul><li>1.6% Growth in agriculture , </li></ul><ul><li>previous year it was 4.6% </li></ul><ul><li>17.8% of total GDP(5.3% BY Livestock) </li></ul>
  28. 30. We will thrive anywhere ,anyway

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