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biochip presentation


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This is presentation on the topic biochips.

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biochip presentation

  2. 2. INTRODUCTION 2/20/2017 BIOCHIPS 2
  3. 3. BIOCHIP=BIO+CHIP •BIO stands for any biological entity like protein,DNA etc •CHIP stands for computer chip It is a mate between biological entity and computer chip BIOCHIPS2/20/2017 3
  4. 4. It is a new type of computer logic bio security device implanting in our body that can identify us uniquely and can used to track our location BIOCHIPS 2/20/2017 4
  5. 5. It is the outcome of the fields of computer science, electronics and biology BIOCHIPS2/20/2017 5
  6. 6. DEFINITION A biochip is a collection of miniaturized test sites (microarrays) arranged on a solid substrate that permits many test to be performed at the same time. BIOCHIPS2/20/2017 6
  7. 7. A biochip like a computer chip can perform millions of mathematical operations and thousands of biological reactions in few seconds. BIOCHIPS2/20/2017 7
  8. 8. . BIOCHIPS2/20/2017 8
  9. 9. BIOCHIP AND SYRINGE Biochip is inserted in to the body with a hypodermic syringe BIOCHIPS2/20/2017 9
  10. 10. Where it is inserted? In pets it is injected behind the neck In humans it is inserted in hands or in the forehead 2/20/2017 BIOCHIPS 10
  11. 11. THE BIOCHIP TECHNOLOGY The biochip uses radio frequency identification (RFID)system that uses low frequency radio signals to communicate between a biochip and reader. BIOCHIPS2/20/2017 11
  12. 12. COMPONENTS OF BIOCHIP A biochip implant system consists of two components 1.The Transponder 2.The reader BIOCHIPS2/20/2017 12
  13. 13. TRANSPONDER The transponder consists of 4 parts: microchip 2.Antenna coil 3.Tuning capacitor 4.Glass capsule BIOCHIPS2/20/2017 13
  14. 14. STRUCTURE BIOCHIPS2/20/2017 14
  15. 15. COMPUTER MICROCHIP Stores a unique identification number(UID) The UID is Encoded via laser Contains electronic circuitary to transmits ID number to the reader BIOCHIPS2/20/2017 15
  16. 16. ANTENNA COIL It is a coil of copper wire around a iron core This tiny radio antenna receives and send signals from the reader BIOCHIPS2/20/2017 16
  17. 17. TUNING CAPACITOR Stores the electrical charge send by the reader to activate the transponder The capacitor is tuned to the same frequency of the radio wave send from the reader BIOCHIPS2/20/2017 17
  18. 18. GLASS CAPSULE Made up of soda lime glass. After assembly the capsule is air tightly scaled so no bodly fluids can enter in to the circuit inside. BIOCHIPS2/20/2017 18
  19. 19. THE READER Consists of an exciter coil which creates an electromagnetic field to excite the implanted biochip. The reader carries a receiving coil that receives the transmitted code or ID number from the biochip. Reader decode the received code and display the result in the LCD display. BIOCHIPS2/20/2017 19
  20. 20. WORKING OF BIOCHIP Reader generate a low power electromagnetic field to activate the implanted biochip The biochip sends a unique id to the reader The reader convert the ID in to digital format, decodes and displays the ID number on the LCD display This number is then compared with a Database listing of already registered details BIOCHIPS2/20/2017 20
  21. 21. SELDI PROTEIN BIOCHIPS Surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization Analyse the protein map that reveals early disease recognition,progession etc. BIOCHIPS2/20/2017 21
  22. 22. BIOCHIPS2/20/2017 22
  23. 23. BIOCHIPS2/20/2017 23
  24. 24. Medicinal Implementations of Biochip BIOCHIPS2/20/2017 24
  25. 25. Biochip perform early detection of diseases The biochip surface contain hundreds of small dots or drops of arrays Each of these dots contains proteins, antibody or nucleic acid that can attach to a particular DNA The nucleic acid cause the dots to light up when scanned The computer algorithm decode the dot pattern produced These detect the differences in the antibodies of the affected person and detect diseases like cancer, respiratory syndromes etcBIOCHIPS2/20/2017 25
  26. 26. Biochip as a glucose detector Biochip underneath the skin sense the glucose level and sends the results back to the system out by Radio frequency communication. BIOCHIPS2/20/2017 26
  27. 27. Biochip as a oxygen sensor Biochip can be integrated with oxygen sensor. The s4ms chip is used for sensing oxygen or glucose in blood. BIOCHIPS2/20/2017 27
  28. 28. Biochip as an BP sensor Integration of pressure detecting circuits with biochip can make the chip continuously monitor the blood flow rate . BIOCHIPS2/20/2017 28
  29. 29. APPLICATIONS 2/20/2017 BIOCHIPS 29
  30. 30. Tracing of a person or animal anywhere in the world is possible Can store and update financial,medical,demographic data of a person Biochip leads to a secured E- commerce systems Replacing passports,cash,medical records. BIOCHIPS2/20/2017 30
  31. 31. ADVANTAGES  To locate lost people and wandering Alzheimer’s Patients.  To identify person uniquely.  They can perform thousands of biological reactions operations in few seconds.  In monitoring health condition of individuals in which they are specifically employed.  They can perform thousands of biochemical reactions. Simultaneously.  Perform early detection of diseases  Can store and update financial, demographic ,medicinal data and so on BIOCHIPS2/20/2017 31
  32. 32. DISADVANTAGES They raise critical issues of personal privacy. They mark the end of human freedom and dignity. There is a danger of turning every man women, and Child into a controlled slave. Through cybernetic biochip implants people will think and act as exactly pre- programmed. BIOCHIPS2/20/2017 32
  33. 33. FUTURE ENHANCEMENT 2/20/2017 BIOCHIPS 33
  34. 34. CONCLUSION The really fascinating idea is under fast track research "but we're close.” The day in which we have chips embedded in our skins is not too far from now. "This is science fiction stuff." BIOCHIPS2/20/2017 34
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  36. 36. 2/20/2017 BIOCHIPS 36