AIS International Women’s Day Debate Is being a woman Do some womenin a warzone more really get fired Why are women risky than being a because they are still the poorer sex? soldier? pregnant? Do men still get Why are women Why are more better pay than still dying having women than men women? babies? at risk of HIV? When will we know that men and women are equal?
International Women’s Day – Why?The first International Women’s Women and men came togetherDay events were held in March to talk about the need for 1911. Meetings, events and women to have basic rights protests were held across afforded to them – the right to Europe with the largest vote, the right to work, the rightdemonstrations attracting more to speak out in public and the than 30,000 people. right to earn an equal wage. While many of those basic rights have now been afforded to women in developed countries, there are still many women all across the world who are not legally allowed to own land, who are not permitted to work in certain jobs and who experience violence at home every day.
Why celebrate Women’s Day now? International Women’s Day is Women perform 66% of the world’s celebrated across the world on work and produce 50% of the Women earn 17 cents per dollar less March 8th to promote the food, but earn only 10% of the than menimportance of gender equality and world’s income and own only 1% of women’s empowerment. the property. Women retire with half the 1 in 3 women will experience Only 2% of CEOs of major Australian superannuation savings as men physical violence in their lifetime companies are women Women continue to be under- Young women continue to Young women will finish school with represented in all leadership roles in experience violence in their higher grades than young men, but communities world wide. Raising homes, in school yards and in will earn 17c less per dollar awareness of the issues facing relationships. Cyberbullying has throughout the course of their women across the world amongbeen linked to mental health issues careers. school aged students is a first step and school drop-out rates. towards achieving gender equality.
5 main barriers preventing women from participating in the workforce in the same way as men: •The informal sector is where employees do not receive basic working rights such as minimum 1 Workforce wage, sick leave and protection from being unfairly fired. Women make up the majority of employees in this sector. participation •Within the formal sector, women still experience discrimination because of their gender, and are not given the same opportunities and support as men to take up leadership positions. •Despite doing the majority of the world’s work, women across the world earn on average 2 Equal pay between 10 and 30 percent less than men. In Australia, the pay gap between men and women doing the same work is 17 percent. 3 Financial • Women have far less access to resources, decision-making and business and land ownership than men. This means women cannot rely on a steady income in the same way as men.independence •Although new laws have given women the right to own land, cultural pressures, traditional4 Access to land courts and a lack of information being made available to women restricts their ability to become land owners. • Women often miss out on promotions due to child raising duties and it is harder for men to 5 Child-care take leave to care for their children. Additionally, child-care is often so expensive that sometimes having a stay-at-home parent is more cost-effective.
Get the facts2% 10% 70% In Sub-Saharan Women earn less Africa, women own less than 10 percent of 70 percent of the than 2 percent of the the world’s wages, world’s poor are land, but produce more but do more than women. than 90 percent of the two thirds of the food. world’s work.
Renata’s StoryLike many women across thePacific, Renata is the sole providerfor her family, earning an incomeby selling produce at the localmarkets in Naursori, Fiji.Renata cannot afford to send herchildren to school and there is noone at home to take care of themwhile she works. It takes Renataalmost an entire day to walk to themarketplace where she spends theweekend selling produce.At night, Renata and the otherwomen vendors sleep huddledtogether under their stalls in theunlit open air marketplace, in Q2 What so you see areconstant fear of being harassed or Q1 If you were in charge the challenges facing Are there similaritiessexually assaulted. of Renata’s village what between the women of Renata as a worker and would you do to change Fiji and the women of as a mother? How could her situation? Vietnam?After an exhausting weekend of work, these be overcome?Renata often returns home withoutenough money to feed her family.