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Medical Abbreviations Chap9 Anthony Isom, Jr.


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Medical Abbreviations Chap9 Anthony Isom, Jr.

  1. 1. Medical AbbreviationsChapter 9<br />Anthony IsomJr.<br />3-17-2010<br />
  2. 2. cysto<br />The abbreviation “cysto” stands for the endoscopic procedure cystoscopy.<br />This is a visual examination of the urinary bladder using an instrument called a cystoscope.<br />This test is used to:<br />Diagnose and evaluate conitions of the urinary tract <br />To recognize cancers of the bladder or urethra <br />To determine the cause of pain in the urinary tract <br />
  3. 3. HCO3-<br />This is called a bicarbonate. A bicarbonate acts as a buffer to maintain or normalize acidity(pH) levels in blood and other necessary fluids in body.<br />Consists of one central Carbon atom surrounded by three Oxygen atoms.<br />There is one Hydrogen atom attached to one of the Oxygen atoms.<br />
  4. 4. CRF<br />The abbreviation “CRF” stands for chronic renal failure.<br />CRF is the inability of the kidneys to filter waste products from the blood resulting in uremia. This can either be acute or chronic.<br />The kidneys begin to compensate by hyperfiltration. This is the excessive straining of the blood resulting in kidney failure.<br />Chronic loss function causes scarring and shrinking of the kidneys<br />
  5. 5. cath<br />The abbreviation “cath” stands for catheterization .<br />This is a therapeutic procedure consisting of inserting a tube through the urethra.<br />This tube travels through the urinary bladder.<br />The purpose of this procedure is to either insert dye or withdraw urine.<br />This procedure is to treat urinary retention, and bladder outlet obstruction.<br />
  6. 6. A picture of a catheter<br />
  7. 7. AGN<br />This medical abbreviation stands for Acute glomerulonephritis.<br />AGN is the inflammation of the kidneys. In this case, the glomerulus. <br />When the glomerular membrane is inflamed and proliferated it becomes more permeable.<br />This can result in proteinuria and hematuria.<br />AGN can often be accompanied by hypertension, edema, and impaired renal function.<br />
  8. 8. References<br /><br /><br />