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WHO ppt.

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WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION

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WHO ppt.

  1. 1. AISHWARYA HIREMATH M –PHARM Industrial Pharmacy. 1 Bapuji College Of Pharmacy Davanagere (WHO)
  2. 2. 2
  3. 3.  The World Health Organization is a specialized agency of United Nations.  WHO was established on 7th April 1948.  The headquarters of WHO is located in Geneva.  WHO serves as the directing and coordinating authority for International health matters and public health. 3
  4. 4.  First global health organization. In latter half of 19 th century, severe cholera epidemics was occurred. At that time, series of international sanitary conferences were held in Europe to co-ordinate policy & practice around quarantine & disease management.  The League of Nations established a health organization in 1920. 4
  5. 5.  Establishment of the United Nations is in 1945, marked as a period of aggressive internationalism & international organization building & though health was not initially thought to be under the U.N.  After its motion started by Brazilian & Chinese delegates to establish an international health organization and that was generally accepted. 5
  6. 6.  Finally, WHO’s constitution came into force on 7 th April 1948. This date celebrates every year as “ WORLD HEALTH DAY” by all over world. 6  A group of health experts, working on emergency relief in World War II were charged with the task of drafting a constitution to define the structure & mandate of the body that would become known as the World Health Organization (WHO).
  7. 7.  To develop & implement multisectorial public policies for health, integrated gender- & age- sensitive approaches that facilitate community empowerment, together with action for health promotion, self-care & health protection throughout the life course in cooperation with the relevant national and International partners. 7
  8. 8.  The world health assembly is the supreme decision making body for WHO.  It generally meets in Geneva in may each year, and is attended by delegations from all 194 member states. 8 i. WORLD HEALTH ASSEMBLY (Parliament)
  9. 9.  The health assembly appoints the Director-General. . The current director general of WHO is Dr. Tedros Adhanom an Ethiopian nationalist, who started his 5 year term on 1st July 2017. 9
  10. 10.  For the first time (5th oct 2017), an Indian Doctor has been appointed as deputy DG of WHO. Dr.Soumya Swaminathan, she was untill now the DG of Indian Council of Medical Research. New Delhi. 10 Dr.Soumya swaminathan (Deputy Director General of WHO)
  11. 11. 11World Health Assembly
  12. 12. Main functions of assembly are: 1.To determine international health policy and programme. 2. To review the work of past years 3.To approve the Budget. 4.To elect member state to designate a person to serve for 3 years on executive board. 5. Supervises the financial policies of the organization and reviews and approves the proposed program budget. 12
  13. 13.  The executive board is composed of 34 members technically qualified in the field of health.  Members are elected for 3 year terms.  The main functions of the board are to give effect to the decisions and policies of the health assembly, to advise it and generally to facilitate its work. 13 EXECUTIVE BOARD
  14. 14.  The current Chairman of executive board is Dr. ASSAD hafeez. 14 Dr. Assad Hafeez
  15. 15. 15Executive Board
  16. 16.  The secretariat of WHO is staffed by some 8000 health and other experts and support staff on fixed-term appointment, working at headquarters in the 6 regional offices. 16 . There are 5 assistant Director General and there responsibility is assigned by DG in different Divisions.
  17. 17.  African Region Brazzaville, Congo  Region of the Americas, Washington , USA  South East Asia Region , New Delhi, India  European Region, Copenhagen, Denmark  Eastern Mediterranean Region , Egypt Cairo,  Western Pacific Region, Manila, Philippines 17
  18. 18. 18
  19. 19.  “The attainment by all people the highest level of health”. MISSION “To lead strategic collaborative efforts among Member States and other partners to promote equity in health, to combat disease, and to improve the quality of, and lengthen, the lives of the all peoples of the world” 19
  20. 20.  Prevention and control of specific diseases  Development of comprehensive health services To improve the  Family health  Environmental health  Health statistics  Bio-medical research  Assembling of Health literature and information  Cooperation with other organizations to get the equilibrium in improved health status. 20
  21. 21.  “Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity” WHO’S LOGO WHO's logo was chosen by the first World Health Assembly in 1948. The logo consists of the United Nations symbol surmounted by a staff with a snake coiling around it. The staff with the snake has long been a symbol of medicine and the medical profession. 21
  22. 22.  Neutral Organization to all member state.  Nearly universal membership.  Global presence and Networking.  No parallel Organization in tackling diseases.  Large no. of Expertise in all health issues.  Strong coordination and convincing ability.  Strong fund collecting ability  Global cooperation, collaboration and investment 22
  23. 23.  Membership into WHO is open to all countries.  All countries that are part of the UN are also members of WHO. WHO GLOBAL SERVICE CENTRE WHO Global Service Centre is an integral part of WHO’s global strategy, in helping WHO to deliver its global mandate and implement its programmes in a timely and cost effective manner. 23
  24. 24.  1. Promoting development  2. Encourage health security  3. Strengthening health systems  4. Encouraging research, information & evidence  5. Enhancing partnerships  6. Improving performance of health developping organiztions. 24
  25. 25.  Providing leadership on matters critical to health and engaging in partnerships where joint action is needed,  Shaping the research agenda and stimulating the generation, translation and spreading of valuable knowledge.  Setting norms and standards and promoting and monitoring their implementation.  Articulating ethical and evidence based policy options. 25
  26. 26.  Providing technical support, catalizing change, and building sustainable institutional capacity.  Monitoring the health situation and assessing health trends. 26
  27. 27.  “Although WHO has both opportunities and challenges; Its contribution is great to increase the quality of life and living standard globally.” 27
  28. 28.  www.who.com  www.wikipedia.net 28
  29. 29. 29 THANK YOU…..

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