Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto


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Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto

  1. 1.         On 5th January 1928, Bhutto was born in a renowned Sindhi family of landlords. He was 3rd child of Shahnawaz Bhutto and Khursheed Begum. completed his early education from Bombay’s Cathedral High School In 1947, he joined the University of Southern California to study political science, later on went to Oxford and studied law. After receiving degree of LLB, he was called to the bar at Lincoln's Inn in the year 1953 (the same school at which Muhammad Ali Jinnah studied law). Married Shireen Amir Begum in 1943 , and Nusrat Asphani in 1951. His first child Benazir Bhutto was born in 1953. After her Murtaza, Sanam and Shahnawaz Bhutto were born. Took over the management of family and estate after his father’s death.
  2. 2.        In 1957, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto became the youngest member of Pakistan's delegation to the United Nations. As his father was politically active, Bhutto had learned politics and its affairs from very early age. In 1958, he became Pakistan’s youngest cabinet minister. He was assigned ministry of Water and Power. He was then given ministry of Commerce, Communication and Industry. Close and trustworthy to Ayub Khan. Indus Water Treaty and Oil Exploration Agreement. 1963, Bhutto became Foreign Minister.
  3. 3.        Initiative of friendly relations with China. His style of leading the Foreign Ministry and his swift rise to power brought him national prominence and popularity. After Tashkent Agreement, he left Ayub Khan and resigned in 1966. Founded Pakistan People’s Party in 1967. Contested elections in 1970 and won majority in West Pakistan Took over from Yahya Khan in 1971, became first civilian Chief Martial Law Administrator Disintegration of Bangladesh
  4. 4.      Nationalist and Socialist, Democratic point of view. Aggressive leader Popular in public Friendly relations with China, Germany, Indonesia, Saudia Arabia and other countries Aggressive Geo-strategic and foreign policies towards India.
  5. 5.       Domestic reforms Higher Education reforms Foreign policy Land reforms Economic policy Labor reforms
  6. 6.       He had this idea first time in 1958 during his Political Science studies. Initiated nuclear program in 1965 Appointed Dr. Abdus Salam in 1965 "Even if we have to eat grass, we will make nuclear bomb. We have no other choice” Bhutto was not lucky to see his dream come true, but gave the nation a path to follow Pakistan became Atomic Power on May 28th 1998
  7. 7.    Friendly relations with Saudi Arab, Iran, Palestine and other Arab Countries. Second Islamic summit in 1974 Leader of Third World Countries
  8. 8.    Constitutional reforms after division of Dhakka Pakistan’s first constitution in 1973 Strong democratic setup.
  9. 9.       Dismissal of government by General Zia Ul Haq in 1977 Arrested and trialed for murder of the father of Ahmed Raza Kasuri Controversy about Zia and Courts of that time Appointment of Mushtaq Hussain as judge Sentenced to death in 1979 Hanged in Central Jail of Rawalpindi on 4th April 1979
  10. 10.      Bhutto was roundly criticized for intimidating his political opponents by his critics His political rivals had blamed his socialist policies for slowing down Pakistan's economic progress Bhutto is blamed by some, for division of East Pakistan Bhutto’s stubbornness broke Pakistan, not Mujib’s six points demand Even after his death, he remains a controversial figure
  11. 11.   The Governing party, PPP has filed a reference on 2 April 2011, to reopen Bhutto's trial. Iftikhar Ahmad, Bhutto's former Media adviser, ran series of interviews of those personalities who played a major and controversial role in Bhutto's death
  12. 12.       India carried out nuclear test, near Pakistan’s eastern border Bhutto’s lobbying for sanctions on India America’s cold attitude Bhutto’s determination for making Pakistan an atomic power Kingfisher’s offer to Bhutto and rejection Exchange of harsh words between Bhutto and American Secretary of State
  13. 13.        Sour relations with America for the first time Bhutto intensified Pakistan's foreign policy towards more onto Movement of Non-Aligned Countries Sympathetic attitude of Bhutto America’s policy of ‘’unite and rule’’ Bhutto’s visit to Soviet Union Collaboration on Pakistan Steel Mill Access to warm water ports for Soviet Union
  14. 14.       Carter’s victory in 1976 elections Ban on nuclear weapons Carter placed an embargo on Pakistan Bhutto and Carter ‘’rough relations’’ Bhutto’s efforts Development of nuclear program without America’s will
  15. 15.       Carter’s unlikeness toward Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto PPP seeking help from different states except USA Benazir Bhutto’s statement Bhutto and Soviet Union alliance Resemblance between Chile’s and Pakistan’s riots America’s denial of any involvement
  16. 16.      Bhutto’s execution, a big change in Global Politics Soviet Union’s future without Bhutto’s support Turning point in Cold War Disintegration of Soviet Union Emergence of America as super power
  17. 17.       Bhutto’s independent policy Dream of sovereign Pakistan America’s opposition Determination of Nuclear Program Friendly relations with China and Russia America’s role in brining Zia into power
  18. 18.       Bhutto still remains a controversial and discussed figure Credit of giving Pakistan first constitution Belonging to a feudal family, still bringing labor friendly policies Even critics praise him Title of ‘’Shaheed Quaid e Awam’’ Most influential politician in history
  19. 19.  I did not kill that man. My God is aware of it. I am big enough to admit if I had done it, that admission would have been less of an ordeal and humiliation than this barbarous trial which no self respecting man can endure. I am a Muslim. A Muslim's fate is in the hands of God Almighty I can face Him with a clear conscience and tell Him that I rebuilt His Islamic State of Pakistan from ashes into a respectable Nation. I am entirely at peace with my conscience in this black hole of Kot Lakhpat. I am not afraid of death. You have seen what fires I have passed through.