On 5th January 1928, Bhutto was born in a renowned Sindhi family
He was 3rd child of Shahnawaz Bhutto and Khursheed Begum.
completed his early education from Bombay’s Cathedral High
In 1947, he joined the University of Southern California to study
political science, later on went to Oxford and studied law.
After receiving degree of LLB, he was called to the bar at Lincoln's
Inn in the year 1953 (the same school at which Muhammad Ali
Jinnah studied law).
Married Shireen Amir Begum in 1943 , and Nusrat Asphani in
His first child Benazir Bhutto was born in 1953. After her Murtaza,
Sanam and Shahnawaz Bhutto were born.
Took over the management of family and estate after his father’s
In 1957, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto became the youngest
member of Pakistan's delegation to the United Nations.
As his father was politically active, Bhutto had learned
politics and its affairs from very early age.
In 1958, he became Pakistan’s youngest cabinet
minister. He was assigned ministry of Water and
He was then given ministry of Commerce,
Communication and Industry.
Close and trustworthy to Ayub Khan.
Indus Water Treaty and Oil Exploration Agreement.
1963, Bhutto became Foreign Minister.
Initiative of friendly relations with China.
His style of leading the Foreign Ministry and his
swift rise to power brought him national
prominence and popularity.
After Tashkent Agreement, he left Ayub Khan and
resigned in 1966.
Founded Pakistan People’s Party in 1967.
Contested elections in 1970 and won majority in
Took over from Yahya Khan in 1971, became first
civilian Chief Martial Law Administrator
Disintegration of Bangladesh
Nationalist and Socialist, Democratic point of
Popular in public
Friendly relations with China, Germany,
Indonesia, Saudia Arabia and other countries
Aggressive Geo-strategic and foreign policies
He had this idea first time in 1958 during his
Political Science studies.
Initiated nuclear program in 1965
Appointed Dr. Abdus Salam in 1965
"Even if we have to eat grass, we will make
nuclear bomb. We have no other choice”
Bhutto was not lucky to see his dream come
true, but gave the nation a path to follow
Pakistan became Atomic Power on May 28th
Friendly relations with Saudi Arab, Iran,
Palestine and other Arab Countries.
Second Islamic summit in 1974
Leader of Third World Countries
Constitutional reforms after division of
Pakistan’s first constitution in 1973
Strong democratic setup.
Dismissal of government by General Zia Ul
Haq in 1977
Arrested and trialed for murder of the father of
Ahmed Raza Kasuri
Controversy about Zia and Courts of that time
Appointment of Mushtaq Hussain as judge
Sentenced to death in 1979
Hanged in Central Jail of Rawalpindi on 4th
Bhutto was roundly criticized for intimidating his
political opponents by his critics
His political rivals had blamed his socialist policies
for slowing down Pakistan's economic progress
Bhutto is blamed by some, for division of East
Bhutto’s stubbornness broke Pakistan, not Mujib’s
six points demand
Even after his death, he remains a controversial
The Governing party, PPP has filed a reference
on 2 April 2011, to reopen Bhutto's trial.
Iftikhar Ahmad, Bhutto's former Media
adviser, ran series of interviews of those
personalities who played a major and
controversial role in Bhutto's death
India carried out nuclear test, near Pakistan’s
Bhutto’s lobbying for sanctions on India
America’s cold attitude
Bhutto’s determination for making Pakistan an
Kingfisher’s offer to Bhutto and rejection
Exchange of harsh words between Bhutto and
American Secretary of State
Sour relations with America for the first time
Bhutto intensified Pakistan's foreign policy
towards more onto Movement of Non-Aligned
Sympathetic attitude of Bhutto
America’s policy of ‘’unite and rule’’
Bhutto’s visit to Soviet Union
Collaboration on Pakistan Steel Mill
Access to warm water ports for Soviet Union
Carter’s victory in 1976 elections
Ban on nuclear weapons
Carter placed an embargo on Pakistan
Bhutto and Carter ‘’rough relations’’
Development of nuclear program without
Carter’s unlikeness toward Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto
PPP seeking help from different states except
Benazir Bhutto’s statement
Bhutto and Soviet Union alliance
Resemblance between Chile’s and Pakistan’s
America’s denial of any involvement
Bhutto’s execution, a big change in Global
Soviet Union’s future without Bhutto’s support
Turning point in Cold War
Disintegration of Soviet Union
Emergence of America as super power
Bhutto’s independent policy
Dream of sovereign Pakistan
Determination of Nuclear Program
Friendly relations with China and Russia
America’s role in brining Zia into power
Bhutto still remains a controversial and
Credit of giving Pakistan first constitution
Belonging to a feudal family, still bringing
labor friendly policies
Even critics praise him
Title of ‘’Shaheed Quaid e Awam’’
Most influential politician in history
I did not kill that man. My God is aware of it. I am
big enough to admit if I had done it, that
admission would have been less of an ordeal and
humiliation than this barbarous trial which no self
respecting man can endure. I am a Muslim. A
Muslim's fate is in the hands of God Almighty I can
face Him with a clear conscience and tell Him that I
rebuilt His Islamic State of Pakistan from ashes into
a respectable Nation. I am entirely at peace with my
conscience in this black hole of Kot Lakhpat. I am
not afraid of death. You have seen what fires I have