Tää versio tuli vastaan, en tiedä oisko kivempi, ei ehkä ees oo, nakkasin nyt tänne jos johonkin tarvitaan
Overall, respondents considered the service useful in a campus setting …but for who? Kassi is new – majority of respondents wished there were more users Kassi was considered easy to use
Articulating particular reasons seemed difficult for users.
Reasons for NOT using the service where more precise
Many exchanges happen with the help of the service but without leaving traces to the system
What’s in it for me, what’s in it for them “How do we get the engine started?” contextual interest and/orgeolocated groupscommunity effects, solidaritythere's no silver bullet for starting a community
Should there be less text here? Would just the questions be enough? Does the contents make sense?
Everyday Favors: A Case Study of a Local Online Gift Exchange System
Everyday Favors: A Case Study of
a Local Online Gift Exchange System
Emmi Suhonen, Aalto University School of Science and Technology
Airi Lampinen, Helsinki Institute for Information Technology
Coye Cheshire, Berkeley School of Information
Judd Antin, Yahoo! Research
November 8, 2010
GROUP’10: Create, Donate, Collaborate
We all have skills and possessions that others need
but do not have. At the same time, we often lack
some resources ourselves, and can benefit from
seeking others who can help…
1. A geolocated community:
students on a university campus
2. Online – offline interaction
3. Generalized exchange
4. System allows many different
ways to participate in collective
Aspects that render Kassi interesting
What can we do?
How can we help each other?
What items can we lend?
What is sold or given away?
• What reasons do people have for participation?
• What affects the quantity of participation?
• How can gift exchange systems be designed to encourage
USERS' MOTIVATIONS TO CONTRIBUTE TO
AN ONLINE GIFT EXCHANGE SYSTEM
WITHIN A GEOLOCATED COMMUNITY
• September 2009 (N=72) & March 2010 (N=84)
• Open ended questions “Why did you or didn’t listed favors in your profile?”
• Likert-scale questions “Kassi is a useful service in a campus setting”
User activity Favor Item Other
Posting a listing
38 (8%) 362 (79%) 59 (13%)
Adding a profile
120 (36%) 210 (64%) N/A
34 (32%) 68 (65%) 3 (3%)
Total (N=984) 192 (22%) 640 (72%) 62 (7%)
Statement All (N=84)
Kassi is a useful service in a campus
88% 95% 82%
Kassi is a useful service for me
39% 56% 18%
I wish Kassi had more users. 87% 100% 82%
I think Kassi is easy to use. 71% 84% 61%
ATTITUDES TOWARDS KASSI
REASONS TO USE KASSI
1. “Just for fun”
2. “It’s nice to help”
3. The service is local: trust and
ease of exchanging with one’s
Reasons related to user
Number of instances
Difficulty of figuring out what items and
favors to list.
Nothing to offer (no items or skills). 42
Difficulty of completing the exchanges
offline and not worth it.
Doesn’t live close enough. 11
Reasons related to service
Not interested in the service. 26
Uncertainty of the service. 5
Not knowing this is possible. 7
USERS’ REASONS NOT TO USE KASSI
1. Problematic for research
2. …but not necessarily for
end-users – their goals can
be achieved effectively
3. Challenge: How to give
people feedback & show the
activities in the system
without complicating use?
1. Generalized exchange can
feel puzzling – incentives?
2. Asking for help may feel
awkward even when others
have explicitly stated their
willingness to help
3. Contextual interest and/or
geo-location helps, especially
when completing exchanges
requires meeting face-to-face
INTERPRETATION & INTERVENTION
1. How the existing culture should
be taken in account?
2. How can we create a culture of
generalized gift exchange?
Balance between interpreting and
1. Online exchange is a rising phenomenon
and attitudes towards it are favorable but
there are challenges to tackle
2. Interplay of online and offline interaction
3. Participation requires learning and shared
– Items vs favors
– Generalized exchange may feel puzzling
– Feedback and examples
Emmi Suhonen, Aalto University School of Science
and Technology, firstname.lastname@example.org
Airi Lampinen, Helsinki Institute for Information
Technology HIIT, email@example.com
Coye Cheshire, UC Berkeley, School of Information,
Judd Antin, Yahoo! Research, firstname.lastname@example.org