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History camera2

  1. 1. Camera: Through the yearsA presentation about the history and evolution of camera
  2. 2. Camera is alightproof object,with a lens, thatcaptures incominglight and directs thelight and resulting theimages towards filmor imaging device.
  3. 3. HistoryofCamera
  4. 4. All camera technology is based on the law of optics.• The first pinhole camera was invented by Alhazen in 1500’s.
  5. 5. In 1558, Giovanni battista delaPorta describes the use of a lensinstead of a pinhole in the cameraobscura.
  6. 6. Robert Boyle and his assistantRobert Hooke built the first portablecamera obscura in 1660’s.
  7. 7. View from the Window at Le Gras is the firstpermanent image created by Joseph NicephoreNiepce in 1829.
  8. 8. The birth of Modern Photography
  9. 9. Louis Daguerre was the inventor of the first practical process ofphotography. In 1829, he formed partnership with Niepce.It was announced by the French Academy of Sciences.
  10. 10. Charles Chevalier construct the first folding-daguerreotypecamera in 1840.
  11. 11. The negative to positive processThe inventor of first negative from which multipleprints were made was Henry Fox Talbot. In 1841, heperfected this paper-negative and called in calotype.
  12. 12. The wet collodion film process was invented byFrederick Scott Archer in 1851.
  13. 13. In mid 1550’s, bellowed cameras areintroduced to allow movement and flexibilitythat the rigid designs did not allow.
  14. 14. Tintypes film are patented in 1856 by Hamilton Smith.
  15. 15. The first underwater photograph was taken byWilliam Thompson in 1856 using a watertight box.
  16. 16. In 1859, the first panoramic camera waspatented by Thomas Sutton whohappened to develop the first true mirrorsingle-lens reflex camera in 1960’s.
  17. 17. In 1878, Frederick Charles Luther Wratten inventedthe “noodling process” of silver-bromide gelatinemulsion before washing. Wratten is best known forthe photographic filters that he invented and are stillnamed after him
  18. 18. Flashlight powder was invented in Germanyin 1887 by Adolf Miethe and JohannesGaedicke.
  19. 19. In 1888, George Eastman patents Kodak roll-film camera.
  20. 20. In 1900, First mass-marketed camera – the Brownie (Left) waspresented by Eastman. It was on sale until 1960s.
  21. 21. Also in 1900, the Raisecamera or travel camera was invented.
  22. 22. In 1906, Wratten invnted and produced thefirst panchromatic plates in England.
  23. 23. Oskar Barnack had the idea of reducing the format offilm negatives then enlarging the photographs afterthey had been exposed. He did some experiments andturned it into the world’s first 35mm Camera known asthe Ur-Leica in 1913.
  24. 24. In 1914, The George Eastman Company producesthe first autographic roll-film.
  25. 25. By the late 1920’s, medium-format roll film was created. Thisled to the development of the twin reflex camera in 1929.
  26. 26. The first modern photoflash bulb was invented by PaulVierkotter. The first commercially available was patented byJohannes Ostermeier in 1930.
  27. 27. Kine introduces the Exakta, the worldfirst 35 mm SLR.
  28. 28. In 1942, First analog CCTV cameras installed. Eng.Walter Bruch was responsible for this.
  29. 29. In 1947, Edwin H. Land creates the Polaroidcamera. The first Polaroid camera was sold to thepublic in November 1948.
  30. 30. In 1949, the first disposablecardboard camera was builtby Photo-Pac.
  31. 31. In 1961, Eugene F. Sally patented film-lessdigital camera.
  32. 32. Kodak introduces Nikon F, a 35-mm SLR in 1959,and Kodak Instamatic in 1963.
  33. 33. In 1978, Konica introduces the first point-and-shoot, autofocus camera. The KonicaJasupin C35 AF.
  34. 34. Steven J. Sasson invented thefirst digital camera in 1975.
  35. 35. In 1981, the Sony demonstrates theSony Mavica – the world’s first digitalelectronic still camera.
  36. 36. In 1985, Konica Minolta releases theMaxxum 700 AF SLR.
  37. 37. In 1986, Kodak invented the world’s first megapixel sensor,capable of recording 1.4 million pixels.
  38. 38. In 1986, Fuji introduced the disposablecamera. The inventors called this device“single-use cameras”
  39. 39. In 1987, the first camera of thepopular Canon EOS series isdeveloped.
  40. 40. In 1990, Kodak developed thePhoto CD system.
  41. 41. In 1991, Kodak released the first professionaldigital camera system (DCS) which was of a greatuse for photojournalists.
  42. 42. In 1994-1996, the first digital cameras for theconsumer level market were Apple QuickTake 100,Kodak DC40, Casio QV-11, and Sony Cyber-Shot DigitalStill Camera.
  43. 43. In 2000, In Japan Sharp’s J-SH04introduced the world’s first cameraphone
  44. 44. In 2005, The Canon EOS 5D is launched. This isfirst consumer-priced full-frame digital SLR with a24x36mm CMOS sensor.
  45. 45. Motion Pictures
  46. 46. 1650’s – Magic lantern- used glass suede with images which wereprojected1832 – Stroboscope- invented by Simon Ritter von Stampfer ofVienna. It has drawings from rim of a disc viewed through the slits,1867 – The US that showedanimated pictures or movies was adevice called “wheel of life” byWilliam Lincoln
  47. 47. 1879 – Zoopraxiscope- made by Eadweard Maybridge1888 - “Roundhay Garden Scene”- oldest existing film by Louis AimeAugustin Le Prince.1891 – Kinetoscope by Edison Company is the first Motion Picturecamera1895 – First motion picture camera by Louis Lumiere calledcinematographe.1896 – fantasy, sci-fi, horror, and dark comedy put to cinema by MeLies
  48. 48. 1896 – improved into vitascope projector, the first commercially,succesful, projector in the US.1903 – “The Great train Robbery” by Edwi S. Porter is the first blockbusterfilm.1908 – Actor-screenwriter David Wark Griffith began making one-reelfilms for bigraph.1934 – Bell & Howell invented the first light weight 8mm movie camera.1965 – Kodak releases the first Super 8 Camera.1983 – Sony released the first camcorder.
  49. 49. Types of Camera
  50. 50. The Single-Use Camera
  51. 51. Single-use cameras are the simplest cameras.• Contains a roll of color film encased in a recyclablecardboard box• Has single shutter speed and a fixed-focus lens• It has built-in flash and water resistance
  52. 52. Compact Lens-Shutter Cameras
  53. 53. Compact Lens-Shutter Cameras come inthree varieties:• Single focal length• Dual focal length• And Zoom.
  54. 54. Bridge Cameras
  55. 55. Bridge Cameras• Intermediate cameras• Bridge the gap between point and shoot cameras and themore serious models.• Have different lenses• Offers red-eye reducing flash• Limited range of lens focal length
  56. 56. Range Finders
  57. 57. Range finders camera are• Compact• Lightweight• Used for serious photography• Offers interchangeable lenses• Allows photographer to control shutter speed, lensaperture, focusing and exposure.
  58. 58. Twin Lens Reflex
  59. 59. Twin lens reflex is a medium-format camera.• Fitted with two lenses
  60. 60. Single Lens Reflex
  61. 61. SLR is a sophisticated camera• Requires one lens for both viewing and creating a photo.• Offers full manual control of exposure and focus.• Accepts interchangeable lenses, add on flashes, motordrives and other accessories.• Also has AF SLR’s
  62. 62. Camera Parts
  63. 63. Lens – it draws the light into thecamera and focuses it on the filmplane.
  64. 64. Shutter – It open and closes to control the length oftime light strikes the film. There are two types of shutters:A leaf shutter and a focal plane shutter.
  65. 65. Shutter release – the button that release or tripsthe shutter mechanism
  66. 66. Aperture – it dilates and contracts to control thediameter of the hole that the light passes though, to let inmore or less light
  67. 67. Film advance lever or knob – Transportsthe film from one frame to the next on the rollof film.
  68. 68. Viewfinder – the window through whichyou look to frame your picture.
  69. 69. Film rewind knob – this knob rewinds thefilm back into the film cassette.
  70. 70. Camera body – the casing of the camera whichholds and encloses other camera parts.
  71. 71. Flash shoe – this is the point at which the flashor flash cube is mounted or attached.
  72. 72. Self-timer – this mechanism trips the shutterafter a short delay allowing everyone to be inphotograph.
  73. 73. Shutter speed control – this know controls thelength of time the shutter remains open.
  74. 74. Camera: Through the yearsA presentation about the history and evolution of cameraPresented by:Punongbayan, EilaineBonife, Leo GenghisTabernilla, JeromeBMC-PRPresented to:Professor Gabot