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French revolution


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French revolution

  1. 1. The French Revolution
  2. 2. <ul><li>The French Revolution The French revolution started in 14 July 1789 and finish in 1799 </li></ul><ul><li>War Participants : French society. </li></ul><ul><li>Results : Abolition and replacement of the French monarchy with a radical democratic republic. Radical social change to forms based on ilustration principles of citizenship and inalienable. Armed conflicts with other European countries. Napoleon Bonaparte takes power . </li></ul>
  3. 3. The French Revolution was one of the defining events of modern European history. It was a social process, at times incredibly violent, that radically transformed France, effectively ending the era of feudalism and the foundations of Modern France. Despite the Romantic idea of a popular uprising inspired by the ideas of liberty and equality, the French Revolution, while ending a political system based on hereditary rights and privileges, by no means instituted a democratic form of government.
  4. 4. <ul><li>Cause : </li></ul><ul><li>the higher cause is the malnutrition because they have not got enough food because they have not got a lot of. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>In this crisis, the royal government called a meeting of the Estates General in 1789. This contained representatives of the three Estates-nobles, clergy and the middle classes ( the Third Estate ), who had not met for 164 years! </li></ul>The national assembly
  6. 6. <ul><li>When they met, the Third Estatee took over and declared themselves a National Assembly. Ingoring the royal government, the National assembly completely reformed France. A new constitution ended the special rights of the nobles and clergy. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>French society was divided into three estates. The First Estate was composed of the clergy, who wielded significant power. The Second Estate was the nobility, or titled landowners. And the rest stay in the Third Estate. Put together, the First and Second Estates comprised less than three percent of the population but owned most of the land and held all of the political and legal power. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>The terror: </li></ul><ul><li>excitement soon began to get out of hand. Mobs in the country bourned the castles of the nobility. </li></ul><ul><li>Aristocrats fled abroad. In 1793 a more extreme goverment, led by Robespierre, gained power and launched a reign of terror against `enemies of the revolution´ </li></ul>
  9. 9. On 14 july 1789 a crowd stromed the bastille, A royal fortress in Paris, an act that marks the begining of the french revolution.July 14 is now a french national holiday.
  10. 10. <ul><li>A doctor named Guillotine invented a new machine for executing people. It was gruwsome, but it was very quick. Thousands died by the guillotine during the Terror. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Time had changed. The rush of new ideas made people question the whole system of government and society, including religion. </li></ul>NEW IDEAS
  12. 12. <ul><li>The french revolution finished in 1799,and much of people dead in this war unless 2 million. </li></ul>