Informal networked learning:
A network in the wild
Ailsa Haxell
ailsa.haxell@aut.ac.nz
amusingspace.blogspot.com
• Learning is something that happens naturally, incidentally,
pervasively and situated within everyday life. (Fox, 2002)
•...
Networks
Tomas Saraceno,
Galaxies Forming along Filaments
Venice Biennale, 2009.
Photo by Bruno Latour (2011)
Networks, So...
On becoming textually active with
youth counselling
• Shadowing of work of counselling in progress
• Participant observati...
In the middle
of things:
The Christmas
gift
• What happens when practice and emergent
technologies collide?
• What happens where the borders on
innovation and of lite...
• Tensions hold a
thing (practice) in
shape
• anchored to things,
human and
otherwise.
Cheap texting
Seductive
advertising...
• Technology is not a passive carrier
• Young people are not passive recipients
• Counsellors do not move in untroubled wa...
Dynamics of emergent practice
Adapted from Latour (1987) Dynamics of science, and
Latour and Sloterdijk (2009) Networks an...
A hopeful monster gets born
“I said “I think they might also be called ‘hopeful
monsters’.”
She said “What are hopeful mon...
What happens at the borders of
innovation & literacy practices?
“the contours of agency (human and otherwise) are
mangled ...
Resistance and Accommodation
• “It’s a little bit of a worry [text counselling] because if they
are young you don't know, ...
Resistance and Accommodation
• 20% of those texting in became annoyed with the
responses
– I jst wanna txt coz I dnt wana ...
Resistance and Accommodation
Digital traces of dissatisfaction also leads to
unsettled counsellors:
• “I hate apologizing ...
As the performance grooves or patterns are laid
down and are repeated, they provide a template
for what can come next
(Big...
This matters because relationships are deeply
constitutive. Relationships not only shape
practice, but shape us, and the r...
An attribution error is made when agency is
located individually.
e.g. thumb generation,
foolish, trivial, damaging
emotio...
• Change occurs not only because new actors
appear, but also because the relationships
themselves change.
• Interrupting t...
I/we
(4 we will nevR b jus 1 agAn)
hOp 2 hav dn justice
4 a hopeful monstr.
N trublng disMpowRing
constructns of agenC
I/w...
Hi not relly sure
bot this, but my dad
died and jst not 2
sur bout thngs
every1 seems 2 hav
it 2getha and im a reck Sounds...
Seems evry1else
has it 2getha and I
cant stop crying..
Snds stupid I kno
Its ok 2 cry n be
sad.
Ppl r all different
wif wa...
A haxell nlc_2012_slideshare
A haxell nlc_2012_slideshare
A haxell nlc_2012_slideshare
A haxell nlc_2012_slideshare
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A haxell nlc_2012_slideshare

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Paper i gave at the #nlc2012 conference in Maastricht

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  • yet much of our theorizing of learning develops in institutionalized settings privileging knowledge as it occurs in the formal education sector over the informal.
  • What networks look like, messier than the first, and we are not external to it, but neither are we/humans central.
  • The site of study…. But also the ‘site’ is multisited. Ethnography of multicites and a methodology best described as opportunistic. Nonetheless, this is where I begin in following the actors, starting with digital traces…
  • Digital traces made possible following a gift.Interested in dynamics of gift giving- see Titmus; the gift of blood.In this instance how the gift evolved is an unknown, there is a gauchness in the disclosure. A squirm around/ workaround to the question being asked.
  • The tensions are barely touched on here. Consider also the tensions of a mobile phone being water tight, soldering intact, mountains and bodies of water that don’t get in the way“Who doesn’t know where the dead area are in their mobile network”… It shapes us we become domesticated to our mobile phone, feeding it, caring for it….
  • Here I move away from the paper in the conference proceedings, four months on my thinking developed a bit more…Im beginning to see links with reading that was not so obvious to me then. I am implicated in what is studied….
  • Do not breathe a word of this till the thesis is in…an original contribution to knowledge? One of many.
  • Image of course from Disney….dont breathe a word to them either- they prosecute!
  • 20% of those using the service became frustrated with it.They let counsellors know in no uncertain terms, but it is the aggragation via the computer software that makes this literally in the faces of counsellors- and they don’t like the –ve feedback. They are after all providing a service as volunteers and prefer to be appreciated for their generosity…
  • How the service responds to the tensions pulling and pushing
  • How those using the service are responding to the policy that was not of their making
  • How counsellors respond to what they experience
  • Why it matters…
  • What I hope to contribute to- a disruption of portrayals of young people as being trivial in their use of text messaging
  • Concluding moments in a thesis no longer constrained by modality but also texted.
  • Examples of counselling reshaped. Obvious perhaps in retrospect that a reflective counselling approach pp carl rogers needs adapting, but also a medium that pushes toward being directive yet a philosophy of an organization that purports being strengths based, not telling young people what to do…Inside of about 12 utterances the issue is contained, a client centred analysis demonstrates respect, congruence, positive regard related, The person is supported through this moment..The example also demonstrates that mode is deliberately chosen in that it ‘contains the experience….not overwhelmed, not retraumatized…
  • Far from text being a source of harm or being superficial, or devoid of emotions, heres an example where practice is contained, constrained and constructed in ways the client saw as being useful
  • A haxell nlc_2012_slideshare

    1. 1. Informal networked learning: A network in the wild Ailsa Haxell ailsa.haxell@aut.ac.nz amusingspace.blogspot.com
    2. 2. • Learning is something that happens naturally, incidentally, pervasively and situated within everyday life. (Fox, 2002) • Yet most studies involve institutionalized formal education settings privileging knowledge of networked learning that involves particular groups of people, and the ways such people relate. • This risks effacing the fascinating mangling of context that generates particular practices that do not fit the picture of formal educational settings. Fenwick and Edwards (2010) and with acknowledgement to Pickering (1993) Learning
    3. 3. Networks Tomas Saraceno, Galaxies Forming along Filaments Venice Biennale, 2009. Photo by Bruno Latour (2011) Networks, Societies, Spheres: Reflections of an Actor-Network Theorist Networks in the wild “It’s not easy to see things in the middle, rather than looking down on them from above or up at them from below, or from left to right, try it you’ll see that everything changes” (Deleuze and Guattari, 1987) Reuters image, cited by David Weinberger http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archi ve/12/01/to-know-but-not-understand-david- weinberger-on-science-and-big- data/250820/#comment-400769949
    4. 4. On becoming textually active with youth counselling • Shadowing of work of counselling in progress • Participant observation • Interviews: of those providing and making use of the service • Analysis of artefacts: 6400 text messages • Ethics … the risks of sensitive research … the risks of not having research
    5. 5. In the middle of things: The Christmas gift
    6. 6. • What happens when practice and emergent technologies collide? • What happens where the borders on innovation and of literacy practices are less firm?
    7. 7. • Tensions hold a thing (practice) in shape • anchored to things, human and otherwise. Cheap texting Seductive advertising A Christmas gift: Corporate social responsibility Funding bodies Media representations of texting Voluntary counsellors Young people Txt capable cell phones To do no harm / to do good
    8. 8. • Technology is not a passive carrier • Young people are not passive recipients • Counsellors do not move in untroubled ways between platforms • And counselling does not stay the same All the relationships require renegotiating and different dynamics emerge. What “distributed agency” means for practice:
    9. 9. Dynamics of emergent practice Adapted from Latour (1987) Dynamics of science, and Latour and Sloterdijk (2009) Networks and spheres
    10. 10. A hopeful monster gets born “I said “I think they might also be called ‘hopeful monsters’.” She said “What are hopeful monsters?” I said “They are things born perhaps slightly before their time; when its not known if the environment is quite ready for them.” Nicolas Mosley Cited by John Law, 1991
    11. 11. What happens at the borders of innovation & literacy practices? “the contours of agency (human and otherwise) are mangled in practice... delineated in the emergence of resistance and accommodation” (adapted from Pickering, 1993) Altering • Who gets to define whom • Who leads and who follows
    12. 12. Resistance and Accommodation • “It’s a little bit of a worry [text counselling] because if they are young you don't know, so you can be responding as if the person was well into their teens when they might be ten or eleven and might be sounding very natural and affirming of sexual activity assuming they’re old enough to do that but colluding with activity that’s not really appropriate for age. If they sounded young on the phones, we would have probably found a way of asking that. So what’s texted back is more cautious because if you’ve got a ten year old saying my boyfriend wants to have sex with me that’s very different to an eighteen year old.”
    13. 13. Resistance and Accommodation • 20% of those texting in became annoyed with the responses – I jst wanna txt coz I dnt wana b heard – Can u plz jst txt me s0 I d0nt feel al0ne – Il neva b abl 2 talk bwt it.S0ri 4 bthrn u – Im sori I dnt thnk I cn cal.i jst feel 2 stupid – Kn I js txt im a byt shy n da fne – No I wana txt! Im crying u wont b able 2 understnd me – If I effing wanted to call I effing would have! – Icnt call im in the sck bay at skewl – Calls dnt wk from here – Im def n dum jus txt me PLZ – If my dad hears me Ill get a hiding. JUS TXT
    14. 14. Resistance and Accommodation Digital traces of dissatisfaction also leads to unsettled counsellors: • “I hate apologizing all the time. I do lots of apologizing. That gets me a lot.”
    15. 15. As the performance grooves or patterns are laid down and are repeated, they provide a template for what can come next (Bigum & Rowan, 2004) This research runs interference on such patterns being laid down, drawing attention to the relationships involved and the qualities of those relationships.
    16. 16. This matters because relationships are deeply constitutive. Relationships not only shape practice, but shape us, and the realities of our lives, and this matters because some people’s realities are difficult enough without being made worse.
    17. 17. An attribution error is made when agency is located individually. e.g. thumb generation, foolish, trivial, damaging emotionally avoidant, developmentally delayed nomophobia… zombiism Denying agency as distributed pathologizes young people, and creates barriers to “working with”.
    18. 18. • Change occurs not only because new actors appear, but also because the relationships themselves change. • Interrupting the previous paths and grooves laid down includes levering multiplicity and seeing ourselves as implicated rather than detached. • Such relationships / Our relationships can also be otherwise.
    19. 19. I/we (4 we will nevR b jus 1 agAn) hOp 2 hav dn justice 4 a hopeful monstr. N trublng disMpowRing constructns of agenC I/we hOp 2 hav disruptd a$umshns of powerle$ne$. I/we hav demonstr8ed ontological poltics @ play. I/we rAz such m@rs az reals - situ8d & local n sure knowldg th@ things might also alwAs b othrYz. 
    20. 20. Hi not relly sure bot this, but my dad died and jst not 2 sur bout thngs every1 seems 2 hav it 2getha and im a reck Sounds like ur gng thru a prty tuff time at the momnt. Might b easier to Talk than txt?Nah jus wanna txt Talking would make it too real. And I jus wanna take it slo
    21. 21. Seems evry1else has it 2getha and I cant stop crying.. Snds stupid I kno Its ok 2 cry n be sad. Ppl r all different wif way they react 2 things.

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