Endocrine System

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about the endocrine glands....

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Endocrine System

  1. 1. Biology
  2. 2. Ayesha Khan IX B IIMT Academy
  3. 4. Endocrine Glands *Thyroid Gland *Pituitary Gland *Parathyroid Gand *Adrenal Gland *Pancreas *Gonads
  4. 5. ___________________ <ul><li>It is called the MASTER GLAND. </li></ul><ul><li>It has two lobes – </li></ul><ul><li>-anterior & posterior. </li></ul><ul><li>Excess of hormone - </li></ul><ul><li>-gigantism . </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of hormone </li></ul><ul><li>-dwarfism . </li></ul>PITUITARY GLAND
  5. 6. __________________ <ul><li>It produces a hormone called – THYROXINE . </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of thyroxine </li></ul><ul><li>-Hypothyroidism </li></ul><ul><li>Excess of thyroxine </li></ul><ul><li>- Hyperthyroidism </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of Iodine </li></ul><ul><li>- GOITRE </li></ul>THYROID GLAND
  6. 7. ____________________ <ul><li>It produces PARATHYROID HORMONE . </li></ul><ul><li>It controls the amount of </li></ul><ul><li>CALCIUM. </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of parathyroid </li></ul><ul><li>HYPOPARATHYROIDISM . </li></ul><ul><li>Excess of parathyroid </li></ul><ul><li>HYPERPARATHYROIDISM . </li></ul>PARATHYROID GLAND
  7. 8. ________________ <ul><li>On the top of the kidneys the adrenal gland is located. </li></ul><ul><li>The outer part is called </li></ul><ul><li>ADRENAL CORTEX. </li></ul><ul><li>The inner part is called </li></ul><ul><li>ADRENAL MEDULLA. </li></ul><ul><li>The adrenal medulla </li></ul><ul><li>secretes hormone called </li></ul><ul><li>ADRENALINE. </li></ul>ADRENAL GLAND
  8. 9. <ul><li>The adrenal cortex secretes many hormones like ALDOSTERONE & CORTISOL . </li></ul><ul><li>Aldosterone controls the salt level. </li></ul><ul><li>Cortisol converts fat & protein into GLUCOSE </li></ul><ul><li>These hormones deals with stress too. </li></ul>
  9. 10. _____________ <ul><li>The PANCREAS produces </li></ul><ul><li>two important hormones </li></ul><ul><li>INSULIN & GLUCAGO. </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of insulin causes </li></ul><ul><li>DIABETES MILLITUS . </li></ul>PANCREAS
  10. 11. GONADS *OVARY IN FEMALES & TESTIS IN MALES ARE CALLED GONADS. *THEY PRODUCE SEX HORMONES .
  11. 12. -TESTIS ANDROGEN IS SECRETED BY TESTIS IN MALES.
  12. 13. -OVARY OESTROGEN IS SECRETED BY OVARY IN FEMALES.
  13. 14. THANK YOU.

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