Project management toolkit_manual

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Project management toolkit_manual

  1. 1. Project Management Toolkit Manual A guide through project management within AIESEC Dear reader,This document is the written version of the Project Management Toolkit Wiki, which can be found on MyAIESEC.net. You will find this document not being an exact copy of the wiki page, since certaindocuments linked to in the wiki page, are already processed in this manual. The reason for this, is to keep the wiki page well-organized and clear. The aim of this Project Management Toolkit is to collect a series of planning and team managementtools, in order for team leaders ( and members ) to carefully plan and track their activities. By offering a virtual platform on MyAIESEC.net and a printable version of the toolkit, I hope to reach as many team leaders as possible and learn them how to use these tools to extend their efficiency, time management and tracking skills… When referred to certain files, these can be found in the Attached Documents folder or downloaded directly from MyAIESEC.net. Enjoy! AIESEC UA – Room ABC.203 - Prinsstraat 13 – 2000 Antwerp – Belgium www.aiesecua.be - +32 3 220 40 25
  2. 2. Table of content1. The Natural planning model .............................................................................................. 32. The idea ............................................................................................................................... 33. Brainstorming ..................................................................................................................... 4 Envision the outcome ........................................................................................................... 4 External brainstorming ......................................................................................................... 4 Mind-mapping...................................................................................................................... 44. Organizing & tracking projects in time ............................................................................. 5 GANTT ................................................................................................................................ 5 SWOT analyses .................................................................................................................... 5 Weekly priorities .................................................................................................................. 65. Market segmentation and target messaging .................................................................... 66. Goal setting & Strategy development ............................................................................... 7 Advantages of goal setting ................................................................................................... 7 Balanced Scorecard .............................................................................................................. 77. Action plan .......................................................................................................................... 8 Next action list ..................................................................................................................... 8 Waiting for list ..................................................................................................................... 98. Feedback ............................................................................................................................10 The Feedback Process .........................................................................................................11 Tips for giving and receiving feedback ..................................................................................11 Advantages of personal feedback .........................................................................................12 360° feedback ....................................................................................................................129. Internal and External Communication .............................................................................1210. Effective Team Meetings ...................................................................................................13 Preparation and Announcement ...........................................................................................13 The location .......................................................................................................................13 The agenda ........................................................................................................................14 The meeting starts ..............................................................................................................14 During the meeting .............................................................................................................14 At the end of the meeting ...................................................................................................14 The output .........................................................................................................................1411. And always remember that… ............................................................................................15 AIESEC UA – Room ABC.203 - Prinsstraat 13 – 2000 Antwerp – Belgium www.aiesecua.be - +32 3 220 40 25
  3. 3. 1. The Natural planning modelMany books are written on project management and ways to organize meetings, brainstormingsessions and action plans. Each of these models will have its advantages and will be preferred bycertain writers, management gurus or corporate executives. The natural planning model is one ofthese models, trying to find a way to structure random thoughts on a certain issue / project. Thereason why I chose this model, is not because it is better than other models, but because it is easy inuse and it structures ideas in the way our brain naturally works.The Natural Planning Model consists of a 5-step phase:  Define purpose and principles  Outcome visioning  Brainstorming  Organizing  Indentifying next actionsThe basic idea is that once you have envisioned your outcome, your brain will automatically startfilling in the missing pieces. In other words, you will start thinking about those things you still have todo in order to get the project realized. This will be your brainstorming session, afterwards you canorganize all of these thoughts in a structured way and you can start thinking about your first actions…This is however only the beginning of a project… there’s a lot more to it, than merely organizing yourideas… let’s go through a normal project flow from beginning to the end, introducingsome useful tools and tips that may be of any use for you. 2. The ideaEvery project starts with an idea, a vision or a challenge. As a project manager it is important tounderstand where this idea is coming from. As mentioned above, you will have to define thepurpose of the project:  Why is it relevant for us?  Why do I want to organize this event?  What is the added value for my stakeholders ( LC, Alumni, Partners, Trainees,… )  Is the project based upon needs of society? It is your task as a project manager to make your team understand all these reasons and make them understand your idea, make them see your vision! Your team will be more motivated if they understand why they are putting their time and effort in this, if they are on the same line as you are… it defines success and clarifies focus. If you explain your project to others, always start with why you are doing this… it will be easier for someone to accept an idea as relevant, if they know your motivation. AIESEC UA – Room ABC.203 - Prinsstraat 13 – 2000 Antwerp – Belgium www.aiesecua.be - +32 3 220 40 25
  4. 4. The value of defining purpose  It defines success  It creates decision-making criteria  It aligns resources  It motivates  It clarifies focus  It expands options  It enhances creativity  It brings clarity to your ideas  It helps visioning the outcome 3. Brainstorming:The best way to start a brainstorm session is by asking yourself how the project will look afterexecution; envision the outcome !  What do I want the project to look like?  What feeling do I want people to have when to look back on it?  What message do I want to get across?  What should be the main goal of the project?Tips for outcome envisioning:  View the project from beyond completion date  Envision wild success  Capture features, aspects, qualities Yes, AND instead of Yes, butOnce you have decided how the project should look like, you will have a mental picture that isdifferent from your current reality and you can start filling in the gabs through a brainstorm session…Ideas will pop up in your mind in a somehow random and unstructured order. Mostly this process willhappen in your mind, but for bigger and more complex matters, it might be valuable to use thetechnique of external brainstorming. The idea of external brainstorming capitalizes on writingdown keywords in a structured way, so that every idea can be considered a trigger to another –sometimes even better – idea, resulting in a tremendous boost of your productive output.Many techniques have been developed over the past decades, however Tony Buzan’s Mind-mapping is considered to be most famous. A mind-map is a diagram which holds the central coreidea in the middle, and associated items, ideas, tasks branching off of it. AIESEC UA – Room ABC.203 - Prinsstraat 13 – 2000 Antwerp – Belgium www.aiesecua.be - +32 3 220 40 25
  5. 5. There are however some rules, which you need to take into consideration:  Don’t judge, challenge, evaluate or criticize  Go for quantity, not quality  Put analyses and organization to backgroundYou can also use software programs to digitalize your mind-maps and to integrate them within othersoftware programs. Programs like iMindMap or MindManager are well known for their user-friendlyinterface. 4. Organizing & tracking projects in timeOnce you’ve put all your ideas on a external medium, you can start organizing them… This can bedone in several ways, on different levels or in whatever order may be most useful to you. Personally, Ithink that every project should be outlined on a time-based level, in other words by making a GANTTchart. GANTT charts display every phase of a project related to its start and end date, allowing thereader to have a clear overview. You can create GANTT charts easily by using Microsoft Excel or project management software such as Microsoft Projects. You can find some planning templates in the Project Planning file. The main advantage of GANTT charts is that it easily allows you to track your project by showing which tasks have to be realized by which deadlines, by who and with which resources. But even more important, it also visualizes the implications when the deadline isn’t met. Therefore it seems useful to me to check your timetable before every meeting, to keep track of your team and adjust them when needed.Another tool that could help you while drawing up your project plan is a SWOT analyses; itaccounts the developments, occurrences and influences to which the project is liable, both on aninternal as external level:  Strengths and Weaknesses: internal influence ( circumstances can be adapted by the team )  Opportunities and Threats: external influence ( circumstances cannot be adapted by the team f.e. overall decrease in governmental grants )SWOT analyses are usually made of a similar or preceding project, in order to give the new teamsomething to start with. Therefore they are often composed in a final wrap-up meeting, where theentire team gathers and shares their opinion about the project. This is often a valuable moment forthe team leader as well, because he/she has the opportunity to introduce a final feedback round ( seelater ).However, SWOT analyses can also be drawn up before or during a project, as they will provide youimportant information on your project’s boundaries and opportunities. The information gather out ofthe analyses will allow you to better comprehend your environment. Therefore it is advisable todraw up your SWOT analyses with the entire team, getting as much input as possible. AIESEC UA – Room ABC.203 - Prinsstraat 13 – 2000 Antwerp – Belgium www.aiesecua.be - +32 3 220 40 25
  6. 6. One can also decide to work with weekly priorities… Using this technique, you will have to createa clear detailed picture of every aspect of your project. Personally I’m not a fan of this weeklypriorities because of two reasons:  You can easily lose track  It limits your perspectiveMany people tend to pin these priorities to certain moment in time ( a week, month, certain day ) andtherefore writing them down in their agenda. When unforeseen circumstances arrive, you will have todeal with these first, before getting back to your priority-list. Once the day is passes, you will easilyforget about the things you’ve planned for this day. Furthermore it limits your perspective and creativethinking, because you will tend to deal with these things first, and you’ll put other aspects to thebackground. If however, you would decide to work with priorities, do not write them downin your agenda, but make a separate action list of them. 5. Market segmentation and target messagingNow you got your information organized, you might want to think about the message you want to getacross… Since every projects brings people with different backgrounds together, the first thing youwant to do is to figure out which stakeholders will be involved. Stakeholders are people thatmight be affected by your projects, they can be internal stakeholders ( OC, EB, LC… ) or externalstakeholders ( partners, media, students at university, NGO’s ). The degree of defining yourstakeholders depends on the project itself. You can for example categorize the students at youruniversity per faculty, per year of graduation, per gender, or per combination of the previous… Thedegree of categorization will depend on the number of different key messages you want to get acrossto students.Once you got your stakeholders into subgroups, you will start to delineate the key messages youwant to deliver to these people. Your project will have its general message, mostly being itsrelevance to society, your purpose ( see above ), however this is the reason why YOU would want toorganize it.At this moment the stakeholders come into play and you will define a clear and detailed keymessage to each of your subcategories. This key message should hold the following things:  Why would the stakeholder want to cooperate in this project?  What are the benefits for the stakeholder?  What can you offer that no-one else can deliver?  What is your impact? Finally you will have to find a way to communicate your message, in other words; you will define the different media infrastructures you will use… some ideas: aula speeches, posters & flyers, presentations, clipboards, promotional movies, teaser campaigns, awareness event, … You can find the template for key messaging attached. AIESEC UA – Room ABC.203 - Prinsstraat 13 – 2000 Antwerp – Belgium www.aiesecua.be - +32 3 220 40 25
  7. 7. 6. Goal setting & Strategy developmentAt this point you got your plan straight, you know why you are running this project ( cf. definingpurpose ) and you know how you want your project to look after the expiration date ( cf. envisioningoutcome ). In other words, you have a clear vision of what you want to achieve.However, a vision is a rather broad conception of a desirable future state… It is not specific ordetailed, it is merely a common outcome desired by every member of the team. Goals on the otherhand, are aligned with our vision, they represent the state of affairs an action plan attends toachieve. f.e. AIESEC’s vision is peace and fulfillment of humankind’s potential, while a goal can be realizing1000 Xs within an educational traineeship.A goal is much more specific and time-related than a vision or an objective; it needs to bemeasurable. In this perspective goals are often defined according to the SMART-principles; they arethought to be Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Realistic and Time-related. 6.1. Advantages of goal settingThe first advantage of defining goals is its motivational character:it might be useful to differentiate two types of goals; the ones that make your project succeed –project goals – and the ones that make the experience successful for your team members –personal goals. This way you keep a balance between output and input, between production andproduction means, between numbers and people… Keeping these goals by hand during meetings, orhanging them up the wall can be a great motivator for your team.Another advantage lies in the tracking of your activities:apart from your GANTT-chart, a regular review of the current status of your goals will help you intracking the success of your project. If you would notice any inefficiencies or bottlenecks, it might benecessary to adapt your strategy. 6.2. Balanced ScorecardIn order to define your goals in a more structured and well-considered way, you can make use ofthe Balanced Scorecard. The BSC is a performance management tool that is used to analyze amultilayer organization / project by taking all the stakeholders and business perspectives into account.When using the tool properly, you should be able to identify your:  Critical Success Factors ( CSF ): things you should be good at in order to make the project succeed  Key Performance Indicators ( KPI ): quantitative indicators to measure the CSFs AIESEC UA – Room ABC.203 - Prinsstraat 13 – 2000 Antwerp – Belgium www.aiesecua.be - +32 3 220 40 25
  8. 8. The BSC is a widely used tool in AIESEC to identify every year’s strategy, but it can also be used onother layers of the organization or as a effective planning tool. For more information have a look atthe BSC 2010 PowerPoint or read the Balances Scorecard 2010 – Introduction Extendeddocument.You can find the Balance Scorecard template in the Attached Documents folder 7. Action planThe final step is defining your next actions… you need to break down your organizedthoughts you prepared in the brainstorming session into executable actions. The best wayto capture all these actions, is to review the entire mind-map and define every next action that youneed to undertake to achieve your goals… also check your GANTT chart, because this will show whichactions need to be done first.After a while you will be faced with hundreds of next actions that need to be done, and you will oftenfind your mind wondering off from one action to another, trying to remember which mails you need tosend once you get home, which documents to read, etc. In order to structure you thoughts and allowyou to think more effective, we will introduce David Allen’s Getting Things Done system.What’s written underneath is part of a bigger model that allows you to create structure in youreveryday life and helps you with your time management. We will merely deal with the small part ofcreating action list. In order to comprehend the entire system of Getting Things Done, I stronglyadvise everyone who wants to expand his level of focus, to read David Allen’s book.Basically it comes down to this; you need to capture all your ideas, all your next actions on toan external medium in order to clear your head and think more effective. Your mind will focus moreon the opportunities and the content of the action, instead of thinking about the action itself. To thisend, we will introduce two major lists: a Next action list and a Waiting for list. You can makethese lists on your computer or use a simple notebook.Next action list:You next action list is the list where you write down your next actions, being executable dealingsthat you need to undertake as soon as you have time for it. Time-related actions ( that need to bedone on a certain moment in time ) do not go on your actions list, you will list them in a personalagenda. According to David Allen, your next action list is best organized according to its context:  Anywhere: Action can be executed anywhere at any time f.e. think about how to involve sponsors in our project  Calls  At computer  At office  At home  Errands: all the actions that require you to move around f.e. go pick up the promotional material at Lindsay’s place  Read/Review: all the materials you still have to read. It might be useful to have a basket at your desk where you can put magazines and papers in.  People: everything you have to discuss with a certain person use the filter to select one person at time, you get a quick overview on what to talk about with whom.  Meetings AIESEC UA – Room ABC.203 - Prinsstraat 13 – 2000 Antwerp – Belgium www.aiesecua.be - +32 3 220 40 25
  9. 9. The advantage of organizing your list according to context is that you can f.e. have a quick glance atyour call list when you have a 5min time interval between two meetings, you can easily do somethingthat doesn’t take long, nor takes a lot of your attention.It is important to remember that the things are on this list need to be exact, executable actions!In other words, the real next step that you should undertake to achieve what you want. Writingdown have dinner with friends isn’t an next action, it consists of a series of next actions you need todo in order to achieve having dinner; you need to look for a restaurant, call your friends, you need tobook the restaurant etc.In other words, the intellectual work of defining what you are willing to do with the item,has already happened before putting it on your list. When you recall upon your lists itself, youonly need to execute the action, without requiring any thinking.Waiting for list:In this list you will write down all the things you expect someone else to do. The advantage ofcreating your waiting for list on a computer, is the usage of filters in MS Excel… they allow you to filterone name and automatically see which actions need to be done by this person. This is done byclicking on the arrow above the “who column”; you can now select one or more persons and theprogram will now generate a new list with only those people that you selected…This way you can easily create worklists ( list which contain a number of tasks that needed to beexecuted by certain people ). These lists can be printed and brought to every meeting, offering theproject manager a quick overview of who is responsible for what. He will also be able to locatebottlenecks much faster.These lists need to be reviewed at a regular basis ( weekly ) to remain operational! AIESEC UA – Room ABC.203 - Prinsstraat 13 – 2000 Antwerp – Belgium www.aiesecua.be - +32 3 220 40 25
  10. 10. Example: You have a vague idea of a project you want to start, but you still need to define what and how, so you write down brainstorm on project X on your Anywhere list. After a while you will have a clear idea and you will start to break down your plan into next actions:  Write business plan goes on your At computer list  Contact company X for sponsoring goes on your Call list  Read legislation on ASBL organizations goes on your Read-Review list  Send mail to Tom and ask for contacts of National Project Team goes your At computer list After a while you have a time window and you are on your computer, you open your At computer list and decide to send the email to Tom. Now you can erase this item of your list, but you will put Answer Tom about contacts for Project X (ref. 009381) on your Waiting for list. A couple of days later, you open your inbox and you see this email with the contacts. You decide on calling them later, so you put the number on your Call list and you erase the item of your Waiting for list.You can find the next action template and the waiting for template attached.If you are interested in David Allen’s complete action management system, I recommend you to readhis book Getting Things Done or take a look at this summary ( click ) and have a look at thepromotional video ( click ) 8. FeedbackAnother important element in project management is the concept of feedback. Feedback is given inorder to guide your project members through their experience; their performance will depend on yourinput. In other words, feedback serves two purposes:  Improvement of attitudes and behavior  Reinforcement of current behavior Everyone can give valid and worthwhile feedback, regardless of their level of experience, as long as the feedback is given on the actions and behavior of a person, and not the person himself. Often feedback holds negative points, therefore it may seem difficult for you to give it. However feedback is considered of high importance to most managers; it aligns the expectations of both the project manager and his subordinates or team members. Find out more about how to give and interpreter feedback underneath; AIESEC UA – Room ABC.203 - Prinsstraat 13 – 2000 Antwerp – Belgium www.aiesecua.be - +32 3 220 40 25
  11. 11. The Feedback Process 1. Start with the positive pointsPraise the person’s strong points by emphasizing them and explaining how they helped you or theorganization. This way the person will feel good about himself and he will repeat this behavior in thefuture. A positive environment has been created…Use phrases such asI admire the way you, I am impressed by the way you, Every was pleased with your work regarding, … 2. Point out the negative pointsAddress the points that may be of any concern to you or that hold any room for improvement. Alwaysinclude an example and give him/her suggestions on how to overcome this weakness. Try to makesure that he understands what you are trying to say and explain that you are trying to help him grow.Avoid phrases such asYou did, You should have, You weren’t allowed, Yes but, Your work was great however and try not to talk in termof Do’s and Don’ts or Wright and Wrongs.Instead use personal statements such asI felt, It seemed to me that, I wonder if, I sense.Conclude with tactic, but honest and helpful suggestions;There might be a missed opportunity here, It is a small thing but be aware of, One thing you might look for is, … 3. Always end with a positive remarkI really admire your courage in stepping up for this demonstration.Overall, I very much enjoyed…We are very pleased and lucky to have you as a member of our team…You have some wonderful …natural coaching skills …and with practicing and learning new skills, you will be amasterful coach.Tips for giving and receiving feedbackThe person who receives feedback  Try to understand that your observer is trying to help you  Seek for patterns or similar recommendations  Don’t allow yourself to become defensive  Feedback is an opportunity to change  Ask questions to clarify the feedback  Focus on the areas of improvement  Listen activelyThe person who gives feedback  Chose a calm and neutral environment to give the feedback  Keep your tone neutral; maintain positive and objective  Evaluate the person’s work, not his/her personality  Ask for his/her point of view on this matter  Always give the feedback in private  If necessary, give examples  Show them that you care AIESEC UA – Room ABC.203 - Prinsstraat 13 – 2000 Antwerp – Belgium www.aiesecua.be - +32 3 220 40 25
  12. 12. Advantages of personal feedback  It increases self-awareness  It prevents unnecessary conflict  It will motivate your team members if done properly  It tightens the band between you and your subordinate  Can be linked to a personal mentoring program360° feedbackFinally we’ll point out the importance of 360° feedback; 360° feedback differs from regular feedbackbecause it is done in a group. It starts from the idea that feedback will be more valuable whenreceived from every person that is involved in your professional occupation; colleagues,partners, subordinates, representatives, directors, etc.Feedback rounds are usually organized at the end of a meeting and can be organized in two ways. In the first possibility; you will be asked to give two positive and two negative characteristics about every person attending, this can be oral or written on a piece of paper. The other possibility exists in making a questionnaire with several questions and ask someone to chair the meeting for you. The main difference with “normal” feedback, is that you cannot react on this, otherwise it will resort in a group discussion. Also try not to repeat everything that has already been said before.Main advantages:  Can be done anonymously (f.e. using pieces of paper)  Stimulates open communications and group spirit  Input from every team member  It avoids unnecessary conflict  Increases self-consciousness  Supports development  Fast and effectiveI thoroughly recommend to do this 360° feedback on a monthly basis, you will see that itwill be a great learning experience!Read more about feedback on this e-learning website ( http://www.faculty.londondeanery.ac.uk/e-learning/feedback ) 9. Internal and External CommunicationWhen organizing a project you want your team members to stay up-to-date at all time; you wantthem to have access to all project related material, you want them to know about latest changes, youexpect them to be fully informed about everything that’s going on… in other words, you want to havea good internal communication. AIESEC UA – Room ABC.203 - Prinsstraat 13 – 2000 Antwerp – Belgium www.aiesecua.be - +32 3 220 40 25
  13. 13. Several virtual tools, such as MS Groove and Dropbox, can be used to support your internalcommunication. Both programs allow you to create virtual workspaces where you can uploaddocuments and presentations. These documents can be seen and/or edited by all users connected to the workspace. If a file is edited, this is automatically synchronized amongst all users. It needs no further explanation that these tools are extremely useful when working in big teams who are willing to share their project documents. The main advantage of MS Groove over Dropbox, is that the space of your workspace is unlimited and that you also have the ability to access instant chat, leave notes, draw diagrams and share agenda’s. You can also integrate it with the entire MS Office package. Learn more about MS Groove ( click - video is only accessible with Internet Explorer ) and Dropbox ( click )Another aspect is called external communication; once the project is in place, you want topromote it to your stakeholders according to your compiled messages ( see above ). You have severalmedia tools to do this, do however make sure that your material is always brand aligned! Thereforecheck the AIESEC Branding wiki. You can also find attached a collection of templates forPowerPoint and Word that will help you presenting your project.When involving partners in your project, it might be useful to write a business plan. A business plan isa formal document used to present the project to potential ( financial ) partners, in order to convincethem to cooperate / sponsor the project. It should consist of:  Background information on the organizing organization ( AIESEC )  The purpose and impact of the project  The goals of the project ( = measurable goals )  The project plan ( how to achieve the goals )  Benefits for the partnering organization 10. Effective Team MeetingsUntil now we have been describing a series of planning tools and instruments which will help youmanaging your project. As mentioned before, the best way to plan and track your project, is byinvolving the entire team in the strategy you’re willing to apply. This will make them feel responsiblefor the project, hence empowered and motivated to bring the project to a good end. Underneathyou’ll find a series of tips in order to make your team meetings effective.Preparation and Announcement  Always announce your meeting min one week in advance  Mention the purpose of the meeting  Keep the announcement short ( location, date, time, required readings )  Include the agenda of the meeting and mention the expected duration  Assign meeting preparation to reduce actual meeting duration or background questionThe location  Go for a familiar but calm environment, try to diversify  Provide drinks and cups, this will set a more comfortable atmosphere  Make sure the logistics are in place ( number of sockets, beamer, projection screen )  Provide sufficient blank paper and ballpoints for the participants to take notes  Try to create natural light, but prevent windows that can cause distraction AIESEC UA – Room ABC.203 - Prinsstraat 13 – 2000 Antwerp – Belgium www.aiesecua.be - +32 3 220 40 25
  14. 14. The agenda  Mention location, date and time of the meeting  Mention topics, allocated time and speaker of discussion  Design the agenda in a well organized way  It’s better to plan a 50min lasting meeting with an expected duration of 1 hourThe meeting starts  Start on time, even if some participants are late!  Welcome everyone, even when they’re late, make them feel appreciated  Mention the purpose of the meeting and set expectations  Appoint someone who is willing to take notes of the meeting  Go over the agendaDuring the meeting  Stick to the agenda and the anticipated time-limit  Encourage group discussions and feedback, involve timid persons by asking their opinion  Be your own role-model; listen to understand, not to reply  Appoint speakers one by one, prevent people from talking without being asked  Keep the conversation on-topic, stick to the purpose of the meeting  Summarize agreements and use hedging-techniques  Spice up the meeting by visual material ( graphs, ppt’s, video’s, articles, … )At the end of the meeting  Always close a meeting by defining which actions ought to be taken by who and by when  Thank everyone for their attendance and set a deadline to send the output  Ask if anyone still has questions, if yes, let them approach you afterwards  Thank the secretary for making notesThe output  Find a balance between details and length of the output  Send the output of the meeting asap  Conclude a worklist ( see above ) AIESEC UA – Room ABC.203 - Prinsstraat 13 – 2000 Antwerp – Belgium www.aiesecua.be - +32 3 220 40 25
  15. 15. 11. And always remember that…Well, now you’ve got the basic tools and knowledge to start working on your project, there’s nothingthat can hold you back from success! And always remember that… … success is a choice and that it starts by yourself!As long as you keep these basic planning tools close at hand, and keep your team motivated and briefed at all times, yourproject will be an unique experience for all of you. But it will always require a certain believe in yourself and in those aroundyou… … the biggest lessons are drawn from our mistakesEven if you don’t make it to your organizational goals, there’s still a team of people behind you that learned something from thishappening, maybe even from you… a team that has been motivated and inspired by your leadership. Share these feelings withyour team and you will find that you’ve learned more than you would initially thought. … learn by doing; practice makes perfectWhatever you do, do not let any setback break you down! There’s a first time for everything and one must learn how to walk,before he can start to run. And yes you will fall, but mistakes are made in order to learn from them. Ask yourself what wentwrong, think it through and start again! Rome wasn’t build in one day either! … the sky is the limit!Chase your dreams, live and lead by your vision… You can accomplish anything you want, as long as you keep believing in it, aslong as you keep striving to get it, as long as you NEVER GIVE UP! Because the people who are crazy enough to thinkthat they change the world, are usually the ones who do... The great thing in the world is not so much where we stand, as in what direction we are moving AIESEC UA – Room ABC.203 - Prinsstraat 13 – 2000 Antwerp – Belgium www.aiesecua.be - +32 3 220 40 25

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