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Writing the introduction mla

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Writing the introduction mla

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Writing the introduction mla

  1. 1. C O M P O S I T I O N C L A S S Writing the Introduction (MLA)
  2. 2. Introduction  A. Grabs the reader's attention. It should have a "hook": a fairly brief, thought-provoking sentence (assertion, question, quotation, humor) to catch and focus your reader's interest.  B. Gives brief background on your topic  C. Begins or ends with the thesis statement (SEE: “Writing the Thesis Statement”) http://www.oxfordtutorials.com/Five%20Paragraph%20Essay%20Format.htm
  3. 3. Hooks  For example: 1. “Shakespeare never grows old. Why is that?” (NL) 2. “Where were you when America lost her soul?” (NL) 3. “Old books are more fun than a barrel full of monkeys.” (NL) 4. “Never let schooling interfere with your education” (M. Twain) 5. “Education is not filling a bucket, but lighting a fire” (W. B. Yeats) 6. ”The man that hath no music in himself… is fit for treasons” (Shakespeare, Merchant of Venice) 7. “War is horrible, but slavery is worse” (W. Churchill). 8. “You have enemies? Good. That means you’ve stood up for something, sometime in your life” (W. Churchill) 9. “There are no boring subjects, only disinterested minds” (GK) 10. “Don’t let worry kill you—let the Church help!” http://www.oxfordtutorials.com/Five%20Paragraph%20Essay%20Format.htm
  4. 4. Thesis Statement  A thesis statement is a proposition to be defended or proved. It is an assertion about what the author thinks to be true or false. It is the writer's judgment about something (a topic) that could be debated. It requires the writer to "take sides" on an issue, and to support that position. Unless the thesis is supported by reasons, it is just an expression of one's opinion.  Do not use first person pronouns ("I" or "my"). Use the third person ("it is;" "there is," “there are,” etc.) for a stronger, more confident and objective approach. http://www.oxfordtutorials.com/Five%20Paragraph%20Essay%20Format.htm
  5. 5. Difference between "topic" and "thesis" A topic is anything you can think or write about, a subject for study or discussion.  topics (general subjects)  thesis statement is based upon the topic (specific assertions) http://www.oxfordtutorials.com/Five%20Paragraph%20Essay%20Format.htm
  6. 6. TOPIC # 1: Study of Shakespeare a. Shakespeare expresses timeless truths which are the foundation of democracy and absolutely essential for a good education b. Shakespeare is biased and should not be considered any more important than any other kind of literature. c. Shakespeare is so antiquated that he isn't worth any further study or attention. http://www.oxfordtutorials.com/Five%20Paragraph%20Essay%20Format.htm
  7. 7. TOPIC # 2: Global Warming a. Global warming is a natural and recurring phenomenon which humans cannot significantly influence or change. b. Global warming is an unprecedented event which is caused by humans, and which requires a human solution. c. Global warming is part of a new pagan religion which worships the ‘mother earth.’ http://www.oxfordtutorials.com/Five%20Paragraph%20Essay%20Format.htm
  8. 8. TOPIC # 3: Home schooling a. Home schooling is a legitimate and effective way of preparing students for responsible citizenship and productive careers. b. Home schooling is an unconstitutional attempt to avoid state-sponsored education. c. Home schooling is part of a conspiracy by ring- wing fundamentalists to overthrow the American government. http://www.oxfordtutorials.com/Five%20Paragraph%20Essay%20Format.htm
  9. 9. Relationship between a topic and a thesis:  The topic gives you the subject you are going to write about.  Your thesis will state where you stand (your own judgment, opinion, conclusion) about that particular subject. http://www.oxfordtutorials.com/Five%20Paragraph%20Essay%20Format.htm
  10. 10. Here's how to write your thesis statement  Use the topic as your subject. Finish the sentence by stating your view or assertions about that topic. Your thesis may be expressed in more than one sentence. It informs the reader of your position on an issue, and alerts them of what to expect in your essay.  Your thesis should express your conclusion, judgment or interpretation as simply and clearly as possible. In the remaining paragraphs of your essay you will attempt to support that thesis with specific, relevant and sufficient evidence. That evidence may include summaries, paraphrases, and quotations from the text under consideration. http://www.oxfordtutorials.com/Five%20Paragraph%20Essay%20Format.htm
  11. 11. ORGANIZING YOUR TRANSITIONS A. Arrange paragraphs so that the content of one leads logically to the next. The transition may highlight a relationship that already exists by summarizing the previous paragraph and suggesting something of the content of the next paragraph. B. A transition between paragraphs can be a word or two ("thus, however, for example, similarly"), a phrase (“as the reader may have noticed”), or a sentence (“Obviously, there is something wrong”). C. Transitions can be at the end of the first paragraph, at the beginning of the second paragraph, or in both places. http://www.oxfordtutorials.com/Five%20Paragraph%20Essay%20Format.htm
  12. 12. TYPES AND EXAMPLES OF TRANSITIONS A. Similarity: "also, in the same way, just as ... so too, likewise, similarly" B. Exception/Contrast: "but, however, in spite of, on the one hand ... on the other hand, nevertheless, nonetheless, notwithstanding, in contrast, on the contrary, still, yet" C. Sequence/Order: "first, second, third, ... next, then, finally" D. Time: "after, afterward, at last, before, currently, during, earlier, immediately, later, meanwhile, now, recently, simultaneously, subsequently, then" E. Example: "for example, for instance, namely, specifically, to illustrate" F. Emphasis: "even, indeed, in fact, of course, truly" G. Place/Position: "above, adjacent, below, beyond, here, in front, in back, nearby, there" H. Cause and Effect: "accordingly, consequently, hence, so, therefore, thus" I. Additional Support or Evidence: "additionally, again, also, and, as well, besides, equally important, further, furthermore, in addition, moreover, then" J. Conclusion/Summary: "finally, in a word, in brief, in conclusion, in the end, in the final analysis, on the whole, thus, to conclude, to summarize, in sum, in summary" http://www.oxfordtutorials.com/Five%20Paragraph%20Essay%20Format.htm
  13. 13. HOW TO GET STARTED A. Identify your topic (usually provided by your tutor or the test). B. Write your opinion (conclusion, judgment) about the topic. This will become your thesis statement. You will use it in your introductory paragraph. C. Write three or four reasons why you hold that position. You will use these in your middle paragraphs. D. Look for transitional words and phrases to introduce and connect the middle paragraphs. See “Types and examples of transitions.” http://www.oxfordtutorials.com/Five%20Paragraph%20Essay%20Format.htm
  14. 14. Analyzing Introduction Examples
  15. 15. http://bcs.bedfordstmartins.com/resdoc5e/pdf/hacker-orlov- mla.pdf
  16. 16. Where is the thesis statement here?  Each year, thousands of people throughout the United States choose to spend their vacations camping in the great outdoors. Depending on an individual's sense of adventure, there are various types of camping to choose from, including log cabin camping, recreational vehicle camping, and tent camping. Of these, tent camping involves "roughing it" the most, and with proper planning the experience can be gratifying. Even with the best planning, however, tent camping can be an extremely frustrating experience due to uncontrolled factors such as bad weather, wildlife encounters, and equipment failures. http://www.sandhills.edu/academic-departments/english/essaybasics/5_paragraph_essay.html
  17. 17.  Each year, thousands of people throughout the United States choose to spend their vacations camping in the great outdoors. Depending on an individual's sense of adventure, there are various types of camping to choose from, including log cabin camping, recreational vehicle camping, and tent camping. Of these, tent camping involves "roughing it" the most, and with proper planning the experience can be gratifying. Even with the best planning, however, tent camping can be an extremely frustrating experience due to uncontrolled factors such as bad weather, wildlife encounters, and equipment failures.
  18. 18. Find the thesis statement?  As more and more students go online and spend more time on the Internet (Pastore, 2001), web site navigation has become more important in helping students find information for their studies. This paper details navigational design techniques that help web site designers make their navigation more user-friendly, especially for educational users, such as university students and researchers. http://www2.elc.polyu.edu.hk/cill/eap/2001/egacademicessay.ht m
  19. 19. Find the thesis statement A major change that has occurred in the Western family is an increased incidence in divorce. Whereas in the past, divorce was a relatively rare occurrence, in recent times it has become quite commonplace. This change is borne out clearly in census figures. For example thirty years ago in Australia, only one marriage in ten ended in divorce; nowadays the figure is more than one in three (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 1996: p.45). A consequence of this change has been a substantial increase in the number of single parent families and the attendant problems that this brings (Kilmartin, 1997). An important issue for sociologists, and indeed for all of society, is why these changes in marital patterns have occurred. In this essay I will seek to critically examine a number of sociological explanations for the 'divorce phenomenon' and also consider the social policy implications that each explanation carries with it. It will be argued that the best explanations are to be found within a broad socio- economic framework. http://www.monash.edu.au/lls/llonline/writing/general/essay/analysing-citations/2.xml
  20. 20. Find the thesis statement Assignment essays are developed from set questions that give students a period of time to research a topic and produce their answer with references to their sources of information. While there are some disadvantages with using assignment essays as an assessment tool, there are sound educational purposes underpinning this practice. This essay examines the reasons why assignment essays are beneficial for student learning and considers some of the problems with this method of assessment.
  21. 21. http://www.dianahacker.com/pdfs/hacker-lars-mla.pdf
  22. 22.  Your Introduction should be able to: A. Grab the reader's attention. It should have a "hook": a fairly brief, thought-provoking sentence (assertion, question, quotation, humor) to catch and focus your reader's interest. B. Give brief background on your topic C. Begin or end with the thesis statement (SEE: “Writing the Thesis Statement”)

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