URBAN TRAIL OF PENANG: Georgetown and Bandar Perda

2,232 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,232
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
45
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

URBAN TRAIL OF PENANG: Georgetown and Bandar Perda

  1. 1. AAR 3131 THEORY OF ARCHITECTUREURBAN TRAILPENANGGEORGETOWN AND BANDAR PERDANURUL AIDA NESA BINTI MI MUSTAFA 1016072NURUL FAHMIRA BINTI RIDZUAN 1019286NURUL JANNAH BINTI REDUAN 0920802AHMAD HANAFI BIN AHMAD KAMAL 1018007IDRISS SALEH DJOUMA
  2. 2. URBAN TRAIL PENANGAAR 3131 THEORY OF ARCHITECTURE 1
  3. 3. URBAN TRAIL PENANG AAR 3131 THEORY OF ARCHITECTURETHE DIARY OF OUR LOVELY URBAN TRAIL.When we first arrived at Georgetown, we were dropped by in front of the PadangKota Lama of Penang. After a briefing about our location of our trails mapping,we start to move in our group.The first building we see is City Hall of Penang. City Hall of Penang clearlyreflects the Edwardian Baroque style of architecture. The building has archedopenings at the entrance with three small arches and two bigger arches. Thearches are decorated with repetitive basic motives along them and it seemsheavy.The next building that we found is the Old Town Hall of Penang. It is situatedjust adjacent to the City Hall of Penang. The entrance of the building consiststhree small arches, and two bigger arches, same as the City Hall of Penang. Butthe decoration around the arches of the entrance and the window is muchsimpler compared to the previous building.We crossed Lebuh Light Road andwe arrived in front of Bank Negarawhich is situated just across theroad of the Old Town Hall ofPenang. The shape is rough andblocky appearance gives the imageof Brutalist architecture for thebuilding. It is clearly show therepetition of horizontal and verticalelements. The material used showsthe typical Brutalist architecturewhich is mainly uses concrete.From Lebuh Light, we turn left and we enter the road of Jalan Masjid KapitanKeling. Here we see the two distinctive building which are Mahkamah Tinggi 2
  4. 4. URBAN TRAIL PENANG AAR 3131 THEORY OF ARCHITECTUREPulau Pinang and St. John Anglican Church. Those two building situated atLebuh Farquhar. We choose to go inside the St. John Anglican Church first.The moment we enter the church, we are fascinated with the most strikingfeature of the churchs architecture is the huge Grecian columns lined outsidethe front entrance and remind one of classical Greek structures such as TheParthenon, The Propylaia, the Temple to Athene and The Erechtheion. Thepavilion which sits in the lawn also resembles a Grecian air to the ambience. It isa hybrid architectural style described as Georgian Palladium.We crossed the Lebuh Farquhar and we arrived at Mahkamah Tinggi PulauPinang. It is placed at the opposite road of the Bank Negara Malaysia building.It has lots of balconies and verandahs butit were sealed off during later expansionsto create additional space. The building islook like Palladian style with statelycolumns and a domed chamber.Next to the St. John Anglican Church,there is schools name SK Hutching andSMK Hutching. Both of them are primaryand secondary school respectively. It is atypical architectural building as other local school.We continue our journey to the next destination. Besides the school, there isPenang State Museum. It is build in a colonial-era building. However, the type ofarchitectural style of the building is Greek architecture style.It is distinguishedby its highly formalised characteristics, both of structure and decoration. At themuseum courtyard,the original Penang Hills funicular railway carriage, anchorfrom the French destroyer "Mosquet", cannon and the billboard of Penangfounder by Captain Francis Light can be seen. 3
  5. 5. URBAN TRAIL PENANG AAR 3131 THEORY OF ARCHITECTUREWe are heading straight at Lebuh Farquhar, atthe lot corner, there is a church. Cathedral of theAssumption is the oldest church in Penang. Itwas founded in 1786 by Captain Francis Light.The architectural style that has been applied atthe building is a colonial style.This is truly to besaid as the buidling has a symmetrical facade yetmay have side porches or sunrooms on either orboth sides. Other than that,the design elementalso include classical columns, two-storypilasters, quoins at corners, and palladianwindows.From Lebuh Farquhar, we turn leftat the junction and then we arewelcomed to Love Lane Road. Afterabout 50 meter walking, we stoppedby at a beautifully decorated gatewith Chinese style. Literally, thisbuilding gives a Chinese mood ofimpression when we are in front ofthe place. This is because of thehistorical Chinese Gateway, whichwas probably added when thebungalow came under Chinese ownership and it has been conserved by specialist 4
  6. 6. URBAN TRAIL PENANG AAR 3131 THEORY OF ARCHITECTUREfrom China. However, once we enter the place, the whole building is actually theAnglo Indian Bungalow. The architectural form of the Anglo Indian bungalowgoes beyond looks or façades, it is about the plan, social and cultural use andfunction, orientation and material used for the building. The plain and whitefaçade is representing the British while the interior is more likely to be Indianstyle.We walk along the old lot shop. From what we observed, the owner of the lotshops is mainly Chinese, and some of the lot shop are renovated and become amotel. Some of them are still remain as old kopitiam. And the feelings when wewalk there, it is just some kind of peace and calm. It may be look old but nicepanorama. 5
  7. 7. URBAN TRAIL PENANG AAR 3131 THEORY OF ARCHITECTUREAfter some walking about 15 minutes, we arrived at The Goddess of MercyTemple. Luckily we are in the right time. Every Sunday morning, the Buddhistwill have their pray and the condition at the place is so alive. They burn somecolok and candle, and they are very concentrate with their prayers. The smells ofthe burned colok remind us when in Chinese New Year. They believe that thesmoke will frighten away the evil spirit.We were finished walking along our urban trail location which has been given tous. But still we do not contented yet. Then, we walk straight until we arrived atLebuh Farquhar again. We walk there again, and we cross the road. There wefound a girl’s school named Convent Light Street. It is the oldest girls school inPenang as well as in Malaysia. 6
  8. 8. URBAN TRAIL PENANG AAR 3131 THEORY OF ARCHITECTUREOur journey comes to an end. At the end, we arrived at Dewan Sri Pinang. It issituated just in front of Bank Negara building. The architectural style of thisbuilding is look the same as Bank Negara because the appearance gives theimage of Brutalism Architecture. This is the style of modern architecture,primarily in the 1960s, emphasizing heavy, monumental, stark concrete formsand raw surfaces; may show patterns of the rough wood formwork used incasting the concrete. Buildings in this style are often suggestive of massivesculptures.Then we reach Padang Kota Lama. We are really overjoyed with this urban trail.Seems like we have the chances to know what does the World Heritage sitemeans. We can see the different style of building which we cannot see here inKuala Lumpur, because they are not really preserved like in this old town oflovely Georgetown. 7
  9. 9. URBAN TRAIL PENANG AAR 3131 THEORY OF ARCHITECTUREPenang is a state in Malaysia that is located on the northwest coast ofPeninsular Malaysia by the Strait of Malacca. The architecture of Penangreflects the 171 years of British presence on the island, combination of local,Chinese, Indian, Islamic and other elements to create a unique and distinctivearchitecture.CITY HALL OF PENANG The City Hall was opened 1903 while the Town Hall was opened 1883. Construction for the Town Hall began in 1879 and upon completion, Town Hall served as the seat of the government. But towards the beginning of the 1900s, several renovations and additions were made to the buildings following which the Town Hall was used as one of the main venues for entertainment for both local and European elites until it came to disrepair and was finally placed under the jurisdiction of the National Museum. The City Hall of Penang clearly reflects the Edwardian Baroque style of architecture. One of the characteristics of Edwardian baroque style thatcan be seen at this building is the entrance of the building has arched openings.There are 5 arches, 3 small arches and 2 bigger one. It somewhat gives awelcoming feeling to the people entering it and also brings out the grand feelingto the building. The arches are decorated with repetitive basic motives alongthem and it seems heavy.Then, mini-domes which are typical to Edwardian Baroque style can be found atthe roof of the building. There are many small domes which is at the top of thecolumns of the façade, and one dome which is bigger than the others. The biggestdome is placed on the central taller tower-like element creating a lively rooftopsilhouette.The colonnades of columns in the Ionic order and sometimes paired. This style ofarchitecture seems heavy in decorations and vertical elements. And mostly thestyle is abundant with aesthetical element. 8
  10. 10. URBAN TRAIL PENANG AAR 3131 THEORY OF ARCHITECTURETHE OLD TOWN HALL OF PENANGThe next building that we found is the Old Town Hall of Penang. It is situatedjust adjacent to the City Hall of Penang that have been told earlier. The OldTown Hall was the oldest Municipal Building in Penang and its foundation wasfirst laid on 1st January 1879 by Lt. Governor SirArchibald Edward Harbord Anson. It was primarilyused as a social venue for the town’s Europeancommunity, also known as the European Club amongstthe local Chinese.The architectural style of the building is also influencedby the Edwardian Baroque style which is similar to theearlier building. The entrance of the building consists of5 arches, 3 small arches, and 2 bigger one, same as theCity Hall of Penang. But the decoration around thearches of the entrance and the window is much simplercompared to the previous building.The column of the building seems to trying to replicatethe order, but it is designed in such way that the shape of the section isrectangular. Even though the column is designed as such; the othercharacteristic is very similar to the Edwardian Baroque style. 9
  11. 11. URBAN TRAIL PENANG AAR 3131 THEORY OF ARCHITECTUREBANK NEGARA MALAYSIA PENANG The next destination for the urban trail is the building of Bank Negara which is situated just across the road of the Old Town Hall of Penang. The building clearly reflects the brutalist architecture which flourished from the 1950’s to the mid 1970’s. the design is typically very linear, fortress-like and blockish, often with apredominance of concrete construction. The shape of the building, which is associated with rough and blockyappearance gives the image of brutalist architecture for the building. The designmostly involves horizontal and vertical elements only. The repetitive angulargeometries, make the blocky appearance more stands out. The shading device forthe upper window, the column and the repeated shape before the flat roof of thebuilding clearly shows the repetitive elements. Then, the material used shows the typical Brutalist architecture which ismainly uses concrete. Although concrete is the material most widely associatedwith Brutalist architecture, not all Brutalist buildings are formed from concrete.It shows the Brutalist quality in terms of expression of its structural materialsand form of the building. 10
  12. 12. URBAN TRAIL PENANG AAR 3131 THEORY OF ARCHITECTUREMAHKAMAH TINGGI PULAU PINANG The next destination for our urban trail is the Penang Supreme Court. It is placed at the opposite road of the Bank Negara Malaysia building. the courthouse was built to replace the original courthouse which was constructed on the same site in 1809. The building was done in the Palladian style and was inaugurated in September, 1903. The building hasstately columns and a domed chamber. Originally, there were also statues andemblems which have since been removed. Some of the balconies and verandahswere also sealed off during later expansions to create additional space. The Penang Supreme Court canbe clearly seen that the shape of thebuilding is symmetrical horizontally.The design also has the values of theformal classical temple architecture ofthe ancient Greeks and romans. Some ofthe characteristics are the repetitivecolumn of the building, and the roofwhich has the triangular façade at thetop, mild decorations and domes at thefaçade of the building. 11
  13. 13. URBAN TRAIL PENANG AAR 3131 THEORY OF ARCHITECTUREST. JOHN ANGLICAN CHURCHThe St Georges Anglican Church is the oldest Anglican church in Malaysia. It isthe main place of worship for the British colonial administrators in Penang. It islocated along Farquhar Street and it is one of the loveliest British colonialheritage buildings within the core zone of George Towns UNESCO WorldHeritage Site. It is on the route ofa George Town walking tour Iestablished for Penang Travel Tips.Moreover, other than the colonialarchitecture styles, Georgian style isalso presented by the South EastAsia oldest Anglican Church, StGeorge Church Penang. There is asimple two story box, two roomsdeep that is using strict symmetryarrangement.The church in a hybrid architectural style described as Georgian Palladium-which is a combination of. Georgian, a style of architecture characteristic ofKings George I and IV (1714-1830) and Palladium, named after the Grecian-styled architectural works of a Roman named Palladius.The most striking feature of the churchs architecture is the huge Greciancolumns lined outside the front entrance and remind one of classical Greekstructures such as The Parthenon, The Propylaia, the Temple to Athene and TheErechtheion. The pavilion which sits in the lawn also resembles a Grecian air tothe ambience.As for the material used of the church, the brick structure has a solid plasteredstone base. The aforementioned pavilion was actually erected in 1886 tocommemorate Sir Francis Light. It is found a marble plaque framed by twocolumns underneath the dome.St George Church is one of the most beautiful heritage landmarks of Penang.The original structural still remain as the passing of time. 12
  14. 14. URBAN TRAIL PENANG AAR 3131 THEORY OF ARCHITECTURESK AND SMK HUTCHINGReverend Robert Sparke Hutchings is the one who introduced the school of SMKPenang Free. The reason of this school that is erected is because to place aprimary school and secondary school in one place. But however, it has separatedin a way to establish a primary school in order to remember the deeds of Rev.Robert Sparke Hutchings and that is why the name of the school is SKHutchings.It is a typical architectural building as other local school. 13
  15. 15. URBAN TRAIL PENANG AAR 3131 THEORY OF ARCHITECTUREART MUZIUM PULAU PINANGThe Penang State Museum at Farquhar Street is housed in a colonial-erabuilding.It is to be built in two phases which are phase one in 189. When fundswere adequate, phase two was running in 1906.The Penang State Government proposed setting up a state museum in 1962. Theidea was well accepted by the then Prime Minister, Tunku Abdul Rahman. Aworking committee tasked with setting up the Penang Museum was set up in 1963.Finally, the Penang Museum was opened to the public on 14 April 1965. The type of architectural style of the building is Greek architecture style.It is distinguished by its highly formalised characteristics, both of structure and decoration. At the museum courtyard,the original Penang Hills funicularrailway carriage, anchor from the French destroyer "Mosquet", cannon and thebillboard of Penang founder by Captain Francis Light can be seen.The fully air-conditioned museum is separated into 2 levels. The ground flooroffers historical insight of the lives of the three major communities which areMalay, Chinese and the Indians.As Penang is one of the first city that started from sea trade, this place hasbrought myriads of multi-racial communities co-existing side by side thuspotrays different culture yet uniquely Malaysian. 14
  16. 16. URBAN TRAIL PENANG AAR 3131 THEORY OF ARCHITECTURECATHEDRAL OF THE ASSUMPTIONCathedral of the Assumption is the oldestchurch in Penang. It has been sustain up to160-year old. cathedral is a world heritagechurch and was founded in 1786 by CaptainFrancis Light. Set close to the Penang StateMuseum & Art Gallery on Farquhar Street, thetwin-spired church houses the only pipe-organin Penang.It was the first Roman Catholic church inMalaysia’s northern region and was also thefirst church in Malaysia built by the British. Itis not as popular as the Church of St. Anne’s,which hosts the annual St. Anne’s Feast but itis still a well-known Penang sight.The rooms on the ground floor are particularlyinterested in telling the story of the founding ofPenang, and the various communities thatcame to settle there, between the late 18th century and the mid 20th century.Experience the different cultures of the different communities, with the maingroups being the Malays, the Chinese and the South Indians.The architectural style that has been applied at the building is a colonialstyle.This is truly to be said as the buidling has a symmetrical facade yet mayhave side porches or sunrooms on either or both sides.The building is rectangularmass and be erected up to 2 stories building. The fenestration is double hungwindows with proportionally shutters.The entrance is at the centered andaccented with coliumns, pilasters, pediment and hooded to create a coveredporch.Other than that,the design element also include classical columns, two-story pilasters, quoins at corners, and palladian windows. 15
  17. 17. URBAN TRAIL PENANG AAR 3131 THEORY OF ARCHITECTURETHE BOUTIQUE HOTEL 23 LOVE LANE23 Love Lane Penang is a unique heritage property set within its own walledgarden right in the heart of the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Georgetown,Penang. The street is within Stewart Lane and Lebuh Chulia.The buildings found behind the wall on Love Lane were actually built atdifferent times beginning from the 1800s. There are currently five differentarchitectural periods reflected in the buildings. This heart of George Town’sbuilding was originally a private residence owned by a European and later by alocal family. Along the way, it became the Oasis Hotel, until it was bought by thepresent owner in 2007. A renowned conservationist joined the team of architectsand consultants and lovingly brought the buildings back to life in a three yearproject. 23 Love Lane opened for business in December 2011.Literally, this building gives a Chinese mood of impression when we are in frontof the place. This is because of the historical Chinese Gateway, which wasprobably added when the bungalow came under Chinese ownership and it hasbeen conserved by specialist from China. Chinese traditional features are usedsuch as the compound ridge is delicately painted with rural scenes, the cutporcelain pieces to make petals, feathers, and scales, phoenix’s wings and alsothe Chien Nien figures for the column head.However, once we enter the place, the whole building is actually the AngloIndian Bungalow. Anglo Indian Bungalows were prevalent in George Town fromthe late 18th to the third quarter of the 19th century. This coincides with aperiod when the South Indian community had a dominant presence in thesettlement. By the second quarter of the 19th century, the dominance wasgradually eroded by increasing influence of the ethnic Chinese communities.According to the owner, the architectural form of the Anglo Indian bungalowgoes beyond looks or façades, it is about the plan, social and cultural use andfunction, orientation and material used for the building. The plain and whitefaçade is representing the British while the interior is more likely to be Indianstyle. The interesting part of this building is the outer look is definitely differentwhen we get inside. The sense of surprising and the cultural concerned throughthis building makes the architecture values and history will not last. 16
  18. 18. URBAN TRAIL PENANGAAR 3131 THEORY OF ARCHITECTURE 17
  19. 19. URBAN TRAIL PENANG AAR 3131 THEORY OF ARCHITECTUREGODDESS OF MERCY TEMPLETemple of the Goddess of Mercy, or so-called Kuan Yin Teng, is one of the mostimportant temples in Penang. It is officially known as the Kong Hock Keong orTemple of the Hokkien and Cantonese Communities, but that name is largelyunpopular among the locals. Kuan Yin Teng is located along Jalan MasjidKapitan Keling, formerly Pitt Street. Although far from being the biggest or mostornate temple in George Town, it is the oldest and that makes it the mothertemple for the Taoists in the city. .The temple is obviously represents the Chinese architecture where it is full ofChinese ornamentation from the top to the bottom of the building. The yellowstained walls of this ancient temple bears testament to some 200 years of piousdevotion of this building. The temple is constructed in accordance to Feng Shuiprinciples and it has three wells. One of them is on the right side of the mainshrine, another one is located outside the temple and the third is hidden underthe main altar of the Goddess of Mercy. The water from the wells is believed tobe able to cure illnesses.The temple interior is usually filled with the scent of sandalwood incense, burntby devotees. The temple has the most interesting central inner courtyard, it iswhere the alter for the god of prosperity is. In the courtyard are two huge ironstoves where devotees burn paper offerings, an octagonal well which was once apublic well for the Chinese community as well as a comforting sight to viewfeeding of flocking pigeons. The people usually will stand in the courtyardbetween the alters and look up at the ornate carvings on the side of the roof tofeel the appreciation due to their beliefs.The temple are built with characteristic of Chinese architecture and carved withdragon and many mysterious creatures that stood up and act as the guardian ofthe temple. Within the temple, in an inner chamber, is a statue of an 18-armedKuan Yin with each hand either containing a different cosmic symbol orexpressing a specific ritual position.The tourists that already visited the temple will have the thought of how thebeauty of the historical culture can be. During the day, we will see the beautypart of the architecture and soak in the sense of calm especially for Chinese.While at night, the temple will be the most important area to the local Chinesecommunity to have their festivals and culture. 18
  20. 20. URBAN TRAIL PENANGAAR 3131 THEORY OF ARCHITECTURE 19
  21. 21. URBAN TRAIL PENANG AAR 3131 THEORY OF ARCHITECTUREMAHKAMAH SESYEN PULAU PINANGMahkamah Sesyen Penang is located at Lebuh Light, Georgetown Penang. Thishistorical building is actually an old aged nearly 100 years. It has been conservedstructurally in order to preserve the value of historical buildings in Penang.This court is also one of the Anglo-Indian buildings in Penang. The plain andwhite facade implements the British architecture and the features of the columnand openings are designed according to Indian architecture principles. Thisenormous building creates a new landmark in the area. The great entrance withsuch sculpture makes the building grand and welcoming. The style of formalityof its features exposed its function as a session court of the area. 20
  22. 22. URBAN TRAIL PENANG AAR 3131 THEORY OF ARCHITECTURESK CONVENT LEBUH LIGHTThe Convent of the Holy Infant Jesus, universally known as Convent LightStreet, is the oldest girls school in Penang as well as in Malaysia. Convent LightStreet was founded by three French nuns of the Holy Infant Jesus Mission,Sister Gaetau, Sister Appolinaire and Sister Gregoire, who arrived in Penang in1852. It was a perilous sea journey in which their Mother Superior did notsurvive. In Penang they were joined by Reverend Mother Mathilde Raclot, who iscredited as founder of the over 80 convent schools in Malaya, includingCHIJMES of Singapore.In the beginning, Convent Light Street alsofunctioned as an orphange, taking in unwantedbabies of every race and background. In addition, italso functioned as a boarding school, and some ofthe boarders are from the upper crust of society,daughters of royal families and wealthy familiesfrom as far as Thailand. 21
  23. 23. URBAN TRAIL PENANG AAR 3131 THEORY OF ARCHITECTUREDEWAN SRI PINANGBrutalist architecture did not makemuch headway in George Town,Penang. The "cold" appearance, aswell as the fact that buildings of thebrutalist design do not weather well,makes this style rather unpopular.Same as Bank Negara, it alsoportrays rough and blockyappearance gives the image ofbrutalist architecture for the building. The design mostly involves horizontal andvertical elements only. The repetitive angular geometries, make the blockyappearance more stands out. The shading device for the upper window, thecolumn and the repeated shape before the flat roof of the building clearly showsthe repetitive elements.A style of modern architecture, primarily in the 1960s, emphasizing heavy,monumental, stark concrete forms and raw surfaces; may show patterns of therough wood formwork used in casting the concrete. Buildings in this style areoften suggestive of massive sculptures. 22
  24. 24. URBAN TRAIL PENANG AAR 3131 THEORY OF ARCHITECTUREBANDAR PERDA, SEBERANG PERAIBandar Perda is a township being developed in Seberang Perai. Whencompleted, it is to cover a 456 acre (186 hectare) plot of land bordered by JalanPermatang Batu and JalanMuthuPalaniappan to the south, Jalan PermatangPauh to the west, Jalan Permatang Nibong to the north and Jalan Abdul Kadirto the east. The name Perda is an acronym for Penang Regional DevelopmentAuthority.The most visible landmark in the area is the Majlis Perbandaran Seberang Perai(MPSP). MPSP is one of the combinations of Romanesque and post-modernismstyles of architecture in Penang. This building is characterized by the semi-circular arches and the used of domes. Romanesque is somehow known by itsmassive quality, thick walls, large towers and decorative arcading. MPSP clearlydo not implement the Romanesque entirely. It is the combination of modern andthe Romans architecture because modernist high-rise buildings had become inmost instances monolithic, rejecting the concept of a stack of varied designelements and that’s express MPSP indirectly.Bandar Perda is also known as the new built town in the area. Hence, there isnot so much development of buildings (high rise). The area has only developed interms of the residential and schools. When we go through the area, there areabout 4 to 5 blocks of 20 storey common apartments with simple architecturestyle. It is however suitable for the location and climate of Malaysia with hot andhumid because even though it is high rise building, the use of pitch roof ismaintained.Within the area, there are also primary and secondary schools that are functionto facilitate the residents of the area. The nearest market is only at the DewanSerbaguna Kondominium Mutiara which is only filled by several shops owned bythe residents there. The public hall consists of some Roman architecture styleswith Corinthian column exposed at the entrance. 23
  25. 25. URBAN TRAIL PENANGAAR 3131 THEORY OF ARCHITECTURE 24
  26. 26. URBAN TRAIL PENANG AAR 3131 THEORY OF ARCHITECTURECONCLUSIONTo sum up, there are various architectural styles to be seen around Georgetown.Many types of buildings are erected according to its purpose.As a comparisonbetween the buildings in Perda with Penang, both of these places have its owncharacteristics to be said. For example, the building in Penang have variousarchitectural style.This is because Penang was one of the states that beingconquered by colonizer. As in Perda,the buildings is more to modern building yettrying to take some classical elements literally without reasons. This has lead toplagrism and it is totally unacceptable. The buildings in Penang is well-arrangedwhile the building in Perda are scattered as it is still in developing phase. Otherthan that, the building in Penang has its own soul to be appreciated while inPerda the most of the buildings do not have its architectural value to be highlyappreciated. So,it is proudly to be said that the buildings in Georgetown hasmany historical stories that ought to be remembered and inspired. 25

×