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Arch presentation

  1. 1. Architecture drawing Frank Lloyd Wright, the famous architect, called architecture as “the mother of art” "Without an architecture of our own, we have no soul of our own civilization”
  2. 2. What is architecture drawing? • An architecture drawing is a technical drawing of a building to develop a designed idea into a proposal. • It is essential for any construction project that falls within the definition of architecture. • These drawings are used by architects, contractors, builders so they can understand and imagine the structure of the building and to construct it. • It is also used to explain to clients the merits of the design. These drawings are being prepared as the work stage of project.
  3. 3. Size and scale • typically drawn in scales that are smaller than the real size • usually shown in the title block of the drawing • different scales used in different parts of a drawing will be indicated next to each drawing • largest paper size used in modern architectural practice is ISO A0 (841mm x 1189mm)
  4. 4. Architect’s Scale • a specialized ruler designed for drafting and measuring of architectural drawing i.e. floor plans and orthographic projections • traditionally made of wood but nowadays made of plastic or aluminium • features multiple units of length and proportional length increments
  5. 5. The photo shows measuring diagonally with a ruler from a wall corner to a wall corner on a site plan.
  6. 6. Perspective Drawing Perspective drawing is a technique used to represent three- dimensional images on a two-dimensional picture plane.
  7. 7. Types of Perspective Drawing • One-point perspective - where objects facing the viewer are orthogonal, and receding lines converge to a single vanishing point. • Two-point perspective - reduces distortion by viewing objects at an angle, with all the horizontal lines receding to one of two vanishing points, both located on the horizon. • Three-point perspective - introduces additional realism by making the verticals recede to a third vanishing point, which is above or below depending upon whether the view is seen from above or below.
  8. 8. Example of perspective drawing
  9. 9. Sketches & Diagrams A sketch is a rapidly executed freehand drawing and it is not intended as a finished work. It is just basically a quick way of recording and developing an idea. A diagram can be drawn freehand but most of the time, it deals with symbols (the appearance, structure, or workings of something) to develop the logic of the design.
  10. 10. What are the benefits of doing sketches & diagrams in architectural drawing? • Both of sketch and diagram will be worked up into a more presentable form and used to communicate the principle of design. • It helps the design architects to develop, explore and communicate ideas and solution. • Both are essential tools for thinking, problem solving and communication in the design disciplines.
  11. 11. Example of the sketches & diagram : The gherkin
  12. 12. Types of Architecturial Drawings Presentation drawings Survey drawings Record drawings Working drawings
  13. 13. Presentation Drawing • Most basic drawing • Usually hand-drawn • To illustrate a design or to explain its functionality to a client
  15. 15. Drawing of the Gherkin 30 St Mary Axe London
  16. 16. Survey Drawing • A drawing after the collection of data & specifications of a design • On site data compiled onto paper • To establish the dimensions for construction • Measurements
  17. 17. Record Drawings • As-built - Revised set of drawings made after completion, includes all changes in specifications • Historical – Records changes (reconstruction, demolition, etc.) over a period of time, for studies and reference • Of personal use or a wider use/publications
  18. 18. As-built Record Drawing
  19. 19. Historical Records The Parthenon
  20. 20. Working Drawings • A fully comprehensive drawing used in building construction • Shows minute details (material layers, prefabrications, arrangement) • Final set of drawing prior to construction
  21. 21. Location Drawing Include General arrangements, floor plans and elevation of a project
  22. 22. Assembly Drawing Shows how different parts/sections of buildings are put together
  23. 23. Component Drawing Illustrates self-contained components (windows, doorways) for installation
  24. 24. Drafting Drafting is a universal graphic language that uses lines, symbols, dimensions and notes to describe a structure to be built. Types of Drafting Manual Drafting Computer-aided Design
  25. 25. What is manual drafting and the tools? Manual drafting is where all the drawings were manually produced, either by architects or draughtsman. There are so much of effort to do in this way because lines and lettering on the drawings must be of a quality that reproduce clearly. The drawings must be properly drawn. • Drawing board/draughting table • T-square and set squares • Protactor • Compasses • Pencil • Different types of drawing pens
  26. 26. What is Computer-aided design and the benefits of using it? Computer-aided design is a software to create drawings. Instead of drawing lines and lettering manually on the paper, CAD is being used most of the time today because it saves the time and it increases the accuracy of the whole drawing. Benefits Explanation Save time • Repetition can be reduced because complex elements can be copied, duplicated and stored for re-use More accurate • CAD encourage a proliferation of detail and it increase the expectation of accuracy Able to create all kinds of drawings • From working drawing to photorealistic perspective views • Can create a three-dimensional (3D) model • Can be viewed from any direction to find the most useful viewpoints
  27. 27. Examples of computer-aided design & Autodesk 3ds Max
  28. 28. References Definition improvement/construction/planning/10-most-famous-architects.htm Size & Scale Standard Views used in architectural drawing Perspective Drawing Sketches & Diagram the-gherkin-london headquarters-30-st-mary-axe/ Types of architectural Diagram london-s-famous-tower-leveraged-risk-and-became-an-icon/ Drafting