3chapter36

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3chapter36

  1. 1. Chapter 36 Review Skeleton, Muscular, and Integumentary Systems Natthinee Sudjaitham Kwanruthai Glinbua
  2. 2. The skeletal system <ul><li>The skeletal helps support the body </li></ul><ul><li>Protects internal organs </li></ul><ul><li>Allows movement </li></ul><ul><li>Stores mineral reserves </li></ul><ul><li>Provides a site for blood cell in formation </li></ul>Kwanruthai Glinbua
  3. 3. Types of joints <ul><li>Immovable Joints </li></ul><ul><li>Slightly Movable Joints </li></ul><ul><li>Freely Movable Joints </li></ul><ul><li>- Ball-and-Socket Joint </li></ul><ul><li>- Hinge Joint </li></ul><ul><li>- Pivot Joint </li></ul><ul><li>- Saddle Joint </li></ul>Kwanruthai Glinbua
  4. 4. Bone <ul><li>Bones are surrounded by periosteum </li></ul><ul><li>Bone is attached to each other by ligaments </li></ul><ul><li>Cartilage helps bones move without harming </li></ul><ul><li>Inside bone it contains a soft tissue called bone marrow </li></ul><ul><li>Haversian canals are contain blood vessels and nerves </li></ul>Kwanruthai Glinbua
  5. 5. 3 Types of Muscle Tissues <ul><li>Skeletal Muscles </li></ul><ul><li>- are responsible for voluntary movements. </li></ul><ul><li>- are striated and have many nuclei. </li></ul><ul><li>- are controlled by the nervous system. </li></ul><ul><li>Smooth Muscles </li></ul><ul><li>- are not voluntary movement. </li></ul><ul><li>- are not striated and have one nucleus. </li></ul><ul><li>- are not controlled by the nervous system. </li></ul><ul><li>Cardiac Muscles </li></ul><ul><li>- are found in only the heart. </li></ul><ul><li>- is striated and have one nucleus. </li></ul><ul><li>- not controlled by the nervous system directly. </li></ul>Natthinee Sudjaitham
  6. 6. Muscle Contraction Natthinee Sudjaitham
  7. 7. Control of Muscle Contraction <ul><li>A neuromuscular junction is the point of contact between a motor neuron and a skeletal muscle cell. </li></ul><ul><li>Acetylcholine (a neurotransmitter released by the motor neuron) diffuse a synapse to produce the impulse. </li></ul><ul><li>The impulse releases the calcium ions that make the myosin and actin filaments to interact. </li></ul>Natthinee Sudjaitham
  8. 8. How Muscles and Bones Interact <ul><li>Tendons where the skeletal muscles are joined the bones. </li></ul><ul><li>When one muscle contracts, the other relaxes. </li></ul><ul><li>Muscle tones help for keeping your back and legs straight and the head upright. </li></ul>Natthinee Sudjaitham
  9. 9. The Integumentary System <ul><li>The wall against infection and injury </li></ul><ul><li>Removes waste products from the body </li></ul><ul><li>Helps to regulate body temperature </li></ul><ul><li>Provides protection against UV from the sun </li></ul>Kwanruthai Glinbua
  10. 10. Intergumentary organs <ul><li>Skin </li></ul><ul><li>- Epidermis layer </li></ul><ul><li>- Dermis layer </li></ul><ul><li>Hair </li></ul><ul><li>- produced by cells at the hair follicles. </li></ul><ul><li>Nail </li></ul><ul><li>- grow from nail root in which produce keratin to protect the tips of fingers and toes. </li></ul>Natthinee Sudjaitham Kwanruthai Glinbua

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