In the name of Allah who is themost merciful and beneficient             Ahsan Akhtar
Canada Local   Government• Present By:•           Maha Khan           24•           Ahsan Akhtar        02•           Zia-...
Canada Key Facts•   Population                              34926664•   Area                                    9984670 sq...
Government            Structure• The Federal Government• The Provincial Government• The Local Government or Municipal Gove...
CanadaGovernment         Federal                           Provincial (10)                                            Terr...
Department Under Federal      Government• Citizen Ship• Criminal Law• Copyright• Employment Insurance• Foreign Policy• Mon...
Department Under Provincial           Government•   Administration Of Justice•   Education•   Hospitals•   Natural Resourc...
Municipal GovernmentCanada’s constitution divides powers between the federalgovernment and the ten provincial governments ...
Airports             Ambulance          Arts and CultureEconomic             Fire Services      Garbage CollectionDe...
Power and Functions    While many municipal governments have different functions to    others (urban vs. rural, etc.), and...
Structure Of Local         Government• Local     government      is    highly   varied    across  Canada, differing across...
Ministerial Oversight• Provincial and territorial ministers with responsibility for local  government are responsible for ...
Types of local              Governments• Three provinces have a multi-tiered local government  system, with a regional tie...
Political Structure in         Local Government• Municipal Councils:        Municipal councils in Canada usually perform b...
Voting System•   Councilors in single-tier and lower-tier governments are generally    elected directly by the first-past-...
Administrative•              Structure    Municipal government is also characterized by important administrative    struct...
•   Council Committee System          Many municipalities, predominantly those that are small and medium-    sized, operat...
Local Government       ExpensesMunicipal governments in spend billions eachyear to provide the public services that meet t...
Local Government Fund         Source• Property or Real estate Taxes• Permits and Licenses Fees.• Consumption Taxes (sale t...
Local Government  Monitoring System                         Provincial Minister                               Mayor       ...
Internal Government                    Relationship                       Federal                       Provincial        ...
Thank You   Ahsan Akhtar
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Canada

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Canada

  1. 1. In the name of Allah who is themost merciful and beneficient Ahsan Akhtar
  2. 2. Canada Local Government• Present By:• Maha Khan 24• Ahsan Akhtar 02• Zia-ur-Rahman 66• Syed Waqar Hayder 55 Ahsan Akhtar
  3. 3. Canada Key Facts• Population 34926664• Area 9984670 sq• Local Government Contribution to GDP 2.1%• Currency Canadian dollar(CAD)• Head of State President• Head of Government Prime Minister• Form of Government Constitutional monarchy• Parliamentary System Bicameral• State Structure Federal• Languages English and French Ahsan Akhtar
  4. 4. Government Structure• The Federal Government• The Provincial Government• The Local Government or Municipal Government Ahsan Akhtar
  5. 5. CanadaGovernment Federal Provincial (10) Territory (03) ParliamentParliament Senate Local Government Ahsan Akhtar
  6. 6. Department Under Federal Government• Citizen Ship• Criminal Law• Copyright• Employment Insurance• Foreign Policy• Money and Banking• National Defense• Regulation Of trade andcommerce• The Post Office• The Census Ahsan Akhtar
  7. 7. Department Under Provincial Government• Administration Of Justice• Education• Hospitals• Natural Resources and Environment• Property and civil rights• Social Service Ahsan Akhtar
  8. 8. Municipal GovernmentCanada’s constitution divides powers between the federalgovernment and the ten provincial governments according tofunction. Municipalities are not recognized as a separate order ofgovernment but Section 92(8) of the Constitution Act 1867 givesthe provinces exclusive powers to make laws in relation to‘Municipal Institutions in the Province’. The powers of municipalgovernments are determined by the provincial government. MostMunicipal governments are responsible for providing many of theservices within their local boundaries that you rely on daily suchas: Ahsan Akhtar
  9. 9. Airports Ambulance Arts and CultureEconomic Fire Services Garbage CollectionDevelopment and RecyclingElectric Utilities Library Services Maintenance of Local Road NetworkParks and Public Transit Planning NewRecreation CommunityPolice Services Property Public Health AssessmentSnow Removal Social Services Social HousingTax Collection Water and Sewage Community Development Ahsan Akhtar
  10. 10. Power and Functions While many municipal governments have different functions to others (urban vs. rural, etc.), and vary from province to province, most of the services and functions they perform are effectively the same. Functions of municipal governments can include:• Management of the local policing and firefighting stations• Transportation, municipal governments may operate bus and train services.• Education management or funding school boards• Planning and development• Responsible for administering industrial, residential and commercial zones.• Finance and collecting municipality taxes• Public utilities and other services. Usually parks are taken care of by Ahsan Akhtar the municipal government and occasionally sewerage, water, etc.
  11. 11. Structure Of Local Government• Local government is highly varied across Canada, differing across the state and relying on legislation from each province and territory for specific powers and areas of responsibility. The names given to local governments, such as city, village, town, urban or rural, in general reflect the type of area rather than powers or responsibilities, which are specific to each province or territory, making direct comparisons complex Ahsan Akhtar
  12. 12. Ministerial Oversight• Provincial and territorial ministers with responsibility for local government are responsible for local government legislation, as well as other local plans and programs, the amalgamation and restructuring of councils and the annexation of unincorporated land. These provincial and territorial ministers also have powers to intervene if a council is not operating in the interests of its residents and may, by order of the lieutenant governor, dismiss the council. Local government ministers also have powers to appoint a municipal administrator if a council does not fulfill its duties, and they can recommend that a municipality provides additional services. Ahsan Akhtar
  13. 13. Types of local Governments• Three provinces have a multi-tiered local government system, with a regional tier, while the other provinces and territories have a single-tier system. Provincial and territorial ministers with local government responsibilities oversee local government legislation.• Under the ten provincial and three territorial governments are two supra-regional authorities (in Québec), 143 regional authorities and over 3,600 local governments. Ahsan Akhtar
  14. 14. Political Structure in Local Government• Municipal Councils: Municipal councils in Canada usually perform both legislative (enacting law) and executive (executing law) functions. In its legislative role, the council is responsible for developing and enacting municipal by-laws that govern local residents. In its executive role.• Council Membership: Municipal councils consist of political officials, usually called councilors. These are elected office-holders who may either represent a particular geographical area of the municipality, or are elected at large in city-wide elections. In addition to councilors, councils also have a leader or head of council, usually referred to as a mayor. Ahsan Akhtar
  15. 15. Voting System• Councilors in single-tier and lower-tier governments are generally elected directly by the first-past-the-post system. Mayors may be directly or indirectly elected; those in single-tier councils or lower-tier councils are almost always directly elected. Members of upper-tier governments may be drawn from the mayors of lower-tier councils. Wardens in rural municipalities are almost always elected by the members of the council. Mayors, reeves or chairs of regional authorities are usually indirectly elected by members of the council; there are a few cases where they are directly elected.• Women’s representation• Women represent 13.9% of mayors and 23.0% of councilors as of March, 2010.14 There is however a wide variation across the different jurisdictions: in the three territories, women account for one quarter to three-fifths of all elected local government members. Ahsan Akhtar
  16. 16. Administrative• Structure Municipal government is also characterized by important administrative structures, which are concerned with the municipality’s public service or bureaucracy. These structures vary widely from one municipality to another, due to local/provincial circumstances and choices. the public service may consist of thousands of employees divided into many departments, offices, and agencies. This section highlights some common bureaucratic styles in Canadian municipalities.• Municipal Departments Bureaucracies in Canadian municipalities are usually organized into various departments, each with specific public policy functions. Each of these departments will consist of public service employees with specific job descriptions and responsibilities. Moreover, there will be a department head or manager Ahsan Akhtar
  17. 17. • Council Committee System Many municipalities, predominantly those that are small and medium- sized, operate under some form of a Council Committee System, in which the municipal council establishes a series of committees to direct and control all of the municipal departments.• Chief Administrative Officer System appointed senior official (whom usually has strong credentials in city planning and management) will manage all of the municipal departments and their employees, and then provide reports and updates to the municipal council.• Board of Commissioners System where municipal council appoints a management board (or group) of three or four commissioners (one of whom becomes the chief commissioner). Each member of this management group is responsible for their own set of interrelated public policy fields and departments. The board then, collectively, reports to the municipal council on the administration of the entire municipal bureaucracy. Ahsan Akhtar
  18. 18. Local Government ExpensesMunicipal governments in spend billions eachyear to provide the public services that meet theimportant needs of residents.Major Heads of Expenses:• Transportation 20%• Protection 16%• Social Service & Health 15%• Environment (Water, Sewerage) 15%• Recreation and Culture 11% Ahsan Akhtar
  19. 19. Local Government Fund Source• Property or Real estate Taxes• Permits and Licenses Fees.• Consumption Taxes (sale tax and gasoline surtax)• Public Transit Fare• Parks and Recreation fees.• Parking tickets• FinesLocal Government also receive large funding transfers form otherlevels of government. In particular their respective provincialgovernment. These come in the form of General PurposeTransfer(which the local government may use for any purpose) orspecific purpose transfers (which must be used for specific localservice or capital projects) Ahsan Akhtar
  20. 20. Local Government Monitoring System Provincial Minister Mayor Comities Administrative Finance Auditor Officer officerH.O.D H.O.D H.O.D H.O.D H.O.D H.O.D Ahsan Akhtar
  21. 21. Internal Government Relationship Federal Provincial •Act Created By Province•Participate Local Politics •Alter Government•Funding •Amalgamate Municipalities•Housing Policy •Change Financial Structure•Transportation •Elect officials•Royal Canadian Police •Play Role in day to day activities Local Federation of Canadian Municipalities International Council for local environmental Initiatives Local Ahsan Akhtar
  22. 22. Thank You Ahsan Akhtar

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