Six Steps to Success:Effective Identification Procedures<br />Angela M. Housand<br />University of North Carolina, Wilming...
AND<br />
ahousand.googlepages.com<br />
Understand the unique behaviors that characterize giftedness<br />Specific resources and examples for your use and adaptat...
	This person was told by an editor that she could never write anything that had popular appeal. <br />
P<br />Louisa May Alcott<br />was told by an editor that she would never write anything popular. <br />Little Women<br />i...
	This person had a stormy and emotionally traumatic childhood. She was considered an odd-ball by many of her playmates. Ev...
Eleanor Roosevelt<br />
You must do the thing you think you cannot do.<br />-Eleanor Roosevelt<br />
	This person was four years old before he could speak and seven before he could read: He was considered dull by both his p...
Albert Einstein<br />Above average intelligence<br />(Cox, 1926; Reis, 1995; Walberg et. al., 1981; Walberg & Paik, 2005)<...
P<br />This man was fired by a newspaper editor because he didn’t have enough good ideas. <br />
P<br />Walt Disney<br />This man was fired by a newspaper editor because he didn’t have enough good ideas. <br />
	As a child this person was hyperactive, had a speech defect, was prone to constant colds, had poor peer relationships, an...
WinstonChurchill<br />	Superior capacity for communication<br />	Well-rounded<br />	Broad interests<br />(Reis, 1995, 1998...
Topics for Today<br />Giftedness & Gifted Behaviors<br />Identifying G & T Students<br />Wrap-up and Closure<br />
Definition<br />There is no universally accepted definition for gifted, talented, or giftedness<br />
Article 9B<br />Academically or intellectually gifted students perform or show the potential to perform at substantially h...
Article 9B<br />School districts are required to follow the North Carolina state definition:<br />Guide the identification...
Identification Considerations<br />There is no perfect identification system!<br />Match identification procedures to the ...
Identification Considerations<br />High performance vs. high potential<br />High potential students may require different ...
Identification Considerations<br />Target specific behaviors and potentials<br />Avoid generic labels<br />Moderately gift...
Identification Procedures Answer<br />Who are the gifted and talented students?<br />Why are we striving to identify them?...
Identification Procedures Answer<br />What are the most appropriate tools for identifying students’ gifts and talents?<br ...
Identification Procedures Should:<br />Make logical direct statements about how and where to start the process of screenin...
Identification Procedures Should:<br />Reflect students’ needs<br />Reflect the state definition of giftedness <br />Be de...
Identification Procedures Should:<br />Check assessment tools for potential bias<br />Be flexible<br />Be communicated<br ...
3 Things to Avoid<br />Pitting parents of advantaged children against parents of disadvantaged children<br />Leading peopl...
Don’t go! I’m sure page 3 of Billy’s Gifted Matrix Checklist No. 5.3 (a) is in here somewhere.<br />
Renzulli’sIdentification System<br />Based on the 3-Ring Conception of Giftedness & The Enrichment Triad Model<br />Strive...
3 Ring Conception of Giftedness<br />
The 3 Goals ofRenzulli’s Identification System<br />#1<br />Develop the potential of students who may come to an educators...
The 3 Goals ofRenzulli’s Identification System<br />#2<br />To ensure that students’ have the support that will promote th...
The 3 Goals ofRenzulli’s Identification System<br />#3<br />Provide opportunities, resources, and encouragement for the de...
Characteristics<br />
Characteristics<br />Behaviors<br />
T<br />I<br />C<br />U<br />C<br />A<br />P<br />Gifted Behaviors NOT Gifted People!<br />
Gifted Artist<br />Talented Mathematician<br />Use “defining” terms as adjectives:<br />Talented Musician<br />Gifted Writ...
Above Average Ability<br />Above Average (General) Ability: Characteristics<br />High levels of:<br />Abstract thinking<br...
Above Average Ability<br />Above Average (General) Ability: Characteristics<br />Automization of:<br />Information process...
Above Average Ability<br />Above Average (Specific) Ability: Characteristics<br />Application of various combinations of g...
Above Average Ability<br />Above Average (Specific) Ability: Characteristics<br />Capacity for acquiring & using:<br />Adv...
Task Commitment<br />Task Commitment: Characteristics<br />High levels of:<br />Interest<br />Enthusiasm<br />Fascination<...
Task Commitment: Characteristics<br />Task Commitment<br />Self-confident<br />Belief in one’s own ability<br />Driven to ...
Task Commitment<br />Task Commitment: Characteristics<br />Ability to identify problems<br />Sets high standards for self ...
Creativity<br />Creativity:Characteristics<br />Fluency, flexibility & originality of thought<br />Openness to experience<...
Creativity<br />Creativity:Characteristics<br />Curious<br />Speculative<br />Adventurous<br />“Mentally Playful”<br />
Creativity<br />Creativity:Characteristics<br />Sensitive to:<br />Details<br />Aesthetic characteristics of ideas & thing...
School House Giftedness<br />Creative Giftedness<br />
Teacher Pleaser<br />Evil Genius<br />
Characteristics: Seeing<br />Unusual alertness<br />Joy in learning<br />Keen observation<br />Sees “Big Picture”<br />Mak...
Characteristics: Speed<br />Early and rapid learning<br />Rapid language development<br />Metacognitively efficient<br />
Superior  ≠<br />
Superior  =<br />
Characteristics: Differences<br />Superior language<br />Verbal fluency<br />Large vocabulary<br />Superior analytical and...
Creatively Gifted<br />Independent<br />High energy<br />Curious<br />Sense of humor<br />Open-minded<br />Need for privac...
Creatively Gifted<br />Aware of their own creativeness<br />Originality in thought and action<br />Attracted to complexity...
Characteristic ofEminent Adults<br />	Creative<br />	Imaginative<br />	Innovative<br />	A Sense of Destiny<br />
And the not so good…<br />Impulsive<br />Egotistical<br />Argumentative<br />Rebellious<br />Uncooperative<br />Stubborn<b...
Characteristics: Negative<br />Uneven mental development<br />Interpersonal difficulties<br />Underachievement<br />
Your Mission…<br />
Your Mission…<br /><ul><li>Match the personality descriptions with the names posted on the wall around the room.</li></li>...
Environmental FactorsInfluencing Gifted Behavior<br />SES<br />Parental Personalities<br />Education of Parents<br />Stimu...
Asynchronous Development<br />Uneven intellectual, physical, and emotional development.<br />
Asynchronous Development<br />Cognitively understand advanced concepts (like mortality) but lack emotional maturity to cop...
Before Proceeding to Identification<br />Assess Needs and Plan Program<br />Discuss what types of services to provide<br /...
Continuum of Services<br />In Class Enrichment<br />Enrichment Clusters<br />SchoolwideEvents<br />Grade Level Events<br /...
Internal Consistency<br />Develop the Criteria for Identification that matches yourProgram!<br />
Internal Consistency<br />Abilities and Interests of Students <br />Services and Programs Provided<br />Identification of ...
Test Score Criteria<br /> [Approximately 50% of <br />The Talent Pool] <br />Total Talent Pool Consists of Approximately 1...
AIG Program Membership<br />Students who demonstrate above average ability on cognitive tests<br />Students who would most...
Test Score Criteria<br /> [Approximately 50% of <br />The Talent Pool] <br />Total Talent Pool Consists of Approximately 1...
Step 1: Test Score Nomination<br />I.Q. Testing<br />And<br />Gifted Education<br />
Step 1: Test Score Nomination<br />
Achievement Tests<br />Iowa Tests of Basic Skills<br />Riverside Publishing Company<br />www.riversidepublishing.com<br />...
Achievement Tests<br />Metropolitan Achievement Test<br />Harcourt Brace Educational Measurement<br />www.harcourtassessme...
Achievement Tests<br />Stanford Achievement Test<br />Harcourt Brace Educational Measurement<br />www.harcourtassessment.c...
Intelligence/Ability Tests<br />Cognitive Abilities Test Form 6 (CogAT)<br />Riverside Publishing<br />http://www.riverppu...
Intelligence/Ability Tests<br />Naglieri Nonverbal Ability Test<br />Harcourt Brace Educational Measurement<br />www.harco...
Intelligence/Ability Tests<br />Otis-Lennon School Ability Test<br />Harcourt Brace Educational Measurement<br />www.harco...
Intelligence/Ability Tests<br />Cornell Critical Thinking Tests<br />Critical Thinking Books & Software<br />www.criticalt...
Intelligence/Ability Tests<br />Kuhlmann-Andersion Tests<br />Scholastic Testing Service<br />www.ststesting.com<br />Asse...
Step 2: Teacher Nomination<br />All Teachers need to be informed<br />Procedures for nomination<br />Students who have gai...
Step 2: Teacher Nomination<br />Allows identification of students who exhibit behaviors not determined by tests<br />High ...
Step 2: Teacher Nomination<br />Acceptance equal to test scores with one exception…<br />
Step 2: Teacher Nomination<br />Acceptance equal to test scores with one exception…<br />	Teachers who over-identify<br />
Teacher Rating Scales<br />Gifted and Talented Evaluation Scales<br />Pro-ed<br />www.proedinc.com<br /><ul><li>Teachers r...
Step 3: Alternate Pathways<br />Examples<br />Self-nomination<br />Parent nomination<br />Peer nomination<br />Tests of Cr...
Step 3: Alternate Pathways<br />Leads to initial consideration by a screening committee<br />NOT AUTOMATIC!<br />
Step 3: Alternate Pathways<br />Screening makes evaluation based on:<br />Previous school records<br />Interviews with stu...
Creative Thinking Skills<br />Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking<br />Scholastic Testing<br />www.ststesting.com<br />Fig...
Creative Thinking Skills<br />Group Inventory for Finding Creative Talent<br />Educational Assessment Service<br />www.syl...
Underachievers: Personality<br />Low self-esteem or Low self-efficacy<br />Feelings of Pessimism<br />Anxious, impulsive, ...
Maladaptive Strategies<br />Lack goal-directed behavior<br />Poor coping skills<br />Poor self-regulation<br />Defense mec...
Not all bad…<br /><ul><li>Demonstrate honesty and integrity when rejecting inappropriate school work
Intense outside interests
Creative</li></li></ul><li>What about these characteristics?<br />Inability to master certain academic skills<br />Lack of...
Twice-Exceptional<br />Gifted with Learning Disability<br />May also demonstrate<br />Learned helplessness<br />Perfection...
Look For:<br />Advanced vocabulary use<br />Exceptional analytic abilities<br />Divergent thinking<br />High levels of cre...
Identifying the Underidentified<br />Express leadership collaboratively rather than competitively<br />
Identifying the Underidentified<br />Seek structure and organization in required tasks<br />Be slow to motivate in some ab...
Identifying the Underidentified<br />Makes up games or activities<br />Have extremely strong concentration<br />Express di...
Identifying the Underidentified<br />Be very independent<br />Neglect school work due to other interests<br />Not show exp...
Identifying the Underidentified<br /><ul><li>Not be assertive
Ask few questions
Be a more concrete learner
Be humble, quiet
Not be competitive
Not openly express feelings</li></li></ul><li>Identifying the Underidentified<br /><ul><li>Have difficulty overcoming peer...
Not look a teacher in the eye
Use culturally traditional ways of dealing with personal issues</li></li></ul><li>Identifying the Underidentified<br /><ul...
Prefer to work with others but practice alone
Consider family & religious activities more important than school</li></li></ul><li>Identifying the Underidentified<br /><...
Have more developed aural/oral memory
Not be comfortable speaking in public
Be fluently bi- or tri-lingual</li></li></ul><li>Step 4: Special		  Nominations<br />Safety Valve No.1<br />
Step 4:Special Nominations<br />Circulate a list to ALL past and present teachers<br />Allows resource teachers to nominat...
Step 5:Notification & Orientation of Parents<br />Letter of Notification<br />Comprehensive description of Program<br />Fo...
Step 5:Notification & Orientation of Parents<br />Meeting to explain ALL program policies, procedures, & activities<br />H...
Step 5:Notification & Orientation of Parents<br />Similar orientation for students!<br />Not told they are gifted<br />Foc...
Step 6: Action		  Information		  Nominations<br />Safety Valve No.2<br />
Step 6:Action Information Nominations<br />The dynamic interactions that occur when a student becomes extremely interested...
Step 6:Action Information Nominations<br />Any enrichment opportunity (whether school or non-school) that might turn a stu...
Two Types of Information Leading to Identification<br />Status Information<br />Anything you can put down on paper beforeh...
Status Information<br />Grades<br />Test scores<br />Student work samples<br />Surveys<br />Interest<br />Learning Styles<...
Status Information<br />Teacher input <br />Parent input<br />Students’ Self-nomination<br />Peer Nominations<br />
Action Information<br />Teacher observations<br /><ul><li>Work habits
Thinking
Questioning
Leadership Qualities
Peer Interactions
Skill Development</li></ul>Conversations<br />Interviews<br />Video/audio recordings<br />
TheTotalTalentPortfolio                      <br />Looking at Strengths & Interests…<br />
Total Talent Portfolio<br />A systematic way to gather, record, and use information about each young person’s strengths an...
Total Talent Portfolio<br />Participation in Enrichment Clusters, Extra-Curricular Activities<br />Compacting<br />Recomme...
Interest-A-Lyzer<br />
Sample Items…Imagine that you can spend a week job shadowing any person in your community to investigate a career you migh...
Sample Items (Secondary Interest-A-Lyzer)…If you could conduct an interview with a man or woman you admire, past or presen...
Learning Styles Inventory<br />Sample Items(Renzulli & Smith)…<br />Really Dislike……..Really Like               <br />Bein...
www.learning-styles-online.com<br />
What differentiates gifted learners from high achievers?<br />
Bright<br />Knows the Answers <br />	Asks the Questions<br />Gifted<br />
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Six Steps to Success: Effective Identification Procedures

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Characteristics of gifted students followed by nomination procedures, tests and instruments, and identifying traditionally underserved populations for gifted education programs and services.

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  • Louisa May Alcott
  • Eleanor Roosevelt
  • Albert Einstein
  • Winston Churchill
  • It is distinguishably different, and on measures of performance, it is higher or superior
  • Hartley 1991
  • Hartley 1991
  • Hartley 1991
  • Hartley 1991
  • Six Steps to Success: Effective Identification Procedures

    1. 1. Six Steps to Success:Effective Identification Procedures<br />Angela M. Housand<br />University of North Carolina, Wilmington<br />housanda@uncw.edu<br />North Carolina Association for the Gifted and Talented 2010 <br />Winston Salem, NC<br />
    2. 2.
    3. 3. AND<br />
    4. 4. ahousand.googlepages.com<br />
    5. 5. Understand the unique behaviors that characterize giftedness<br />Specific resources and examples for your use and adaptation<br />An easy to follow 6-step strategy for identifying students for talent development<br />Why This Session?<br />
    6. 6. This person was told by an editor that she could never write anything that had popular appeal. <br />
    7. 7. P<br />Louisa May Alcott<br />was told by an editor that she would never write anything popular. <br />Little Women<br />is considered one of the the best American children’s books of the past 200 years.<br />
    8. 8. This person had a stormy and emotionally traumatic childhood. She was considered an odd-ball by many of her playmates. Even her family provided her with very little encouragement and support. For many years she lived in fantasy as the mistress of her alcoholic father’s household. <br />
    9. 9. Eleanor Roosevelt<br />
    10. 10. You must do the thing you think you cannot do.<br />-Eleanor Roosevelt<br />
    11. 11. This person was four years old before he could speak and seven before he could read: He was considered dull by both his parents and his teachers. <br />
    12. 12. Albert Einstein<br />Above average intelligence<br />(Cox, 1926; Reis, 1995; Walberg et. al., 1981; Walberg & Paik, 2005)<br />Image: http://streams.gandhiserve.org/images/einstein.jpg<br />
    13. 13. P<br />This man was fired by a newspaper editor because he didn’t have enough good ideas. <br />
    14. 14. P<br />Walt Disney<br />This man was fired by a newspaper editor because he didn’t have enough good ideas. <br />
    15. 15. As a child this person was hyperactive, had a speech defect, was prone to constant colds, had poor peer relationships, and frequently failed in school. It took him three years to complete the first grade. His father soon decided the boy needed more discipline and suggested military school. Before being admitted, however, he failed the entrance examination three times. A teacher once called him the naughtiest small boy in England. <br />
    16. 16. WinstonChurchill<br /> Superior capacity for communication<br /> Well-rounded<br /> Broad interests<br />(Reis, 1995, 1998, 2005; Van-Tassel Baska 1989; Walberg et. al., 1981; Walberg & Paik, 2005) Image: http://worldroots.com/brigitte/gifs/churchill.jpg<br />
    17. 17. Topics for Today<br />Giftedness & Gifted Behaviors<br />Identifying G & T Students<br />Wrap-up and Closure<br />
    18. 18. Definition<br />There is no universally accepted definition for gifted, talented, or giftedness<br />
    19. 19. Article 9B<br />Academically or intellectually gifted students perform or show the potential to perform at substantially high levels of accomplishment when compared with others of their age, experience, or environment. Academically or intellectually gifted students exhibit high performance capability in intellectual areas, specific academic fields, or in both intellectual areas and specific academic fields. Academically or intellectually gifted students require differentiated educational services beyond those ordinarily provided by the regular educational program. Outstanding abilities are present in students from all cultural groups, across all economic strata, and in all areas of human endeavor.<br /> (1996, 2nd Ex. Sess., c. 18, s. 18.24(f).)<br />
    20. 20. Article 9B<br />School districts are required to follow the North Carolina state definition:<br />Guide the identification process<br />Consequently determine who is selected for services<br />
    21. 21. Identification Considerations<br />There is no perfect identification system!<br />Match identification procedures to the services provided<br />Identification does not determine if a student is “gifted” or “not gifted”<br />It selects students who would benefit from supplementary services<br />
    22. 22. Identification Considerations<br />High performance vs. high potential<br />High potential students may require different kinds of programming options than high performing students<br />Establish local norms <br />Use grade level, similarity of learning opportunities & background characteristics<br />
    23. 23. Identification Considerations<br />Target specific behaviors and potentials<br />Avoid generic labels<br />Moderately gifted<br />Highly gifted<br />Label the services, not the students<br />
    24. 24. Identification Procedures Answer<br />Who are the gifted and talented students?<br />Why are we striving to identify them?<br />How do we find them?<br />
    25. 25. Identification Procedures Answer<br />What are the most appropriate tools for identifying students’ gifts and talents?<br />How are data from various tools analyzed and interpreted?<br />Who is responsible for identifying students’ gifts and talents?<br />
    26. 26. Identification Procedures Should:<br />Make logical direct statements about how and where to start the process of screening<br />Be public<br />Be provided in multiple languages<br />Reflect the dominant student and parent populations<br />Reflect the student population and demographics of the district<br />
    27. 27. Identification Procedures Should:<br />Reflect students’ needs<br />Reflect the state definition of giftedness <br />Be defensible and inclusive<br />Include students<br />with disabilities<br />who are English language learners<br />economically disadvantaged <br />
    28. 28. Identification Procedures Should:<br />Check assessment tools for potential bias<br />Be flexible<br />Be communicated<br />teachers<br />parents<br />administrators<br />students <br />Be updated at regular intervals to reflect changing demographics<br />
    29. 29. 3 Things to Avoid<br />Pitting parents of advantaged children against parents of disadvantaged children<br />Leading people to believe that any one instrument is the answer to identification<br />Proliferating the amount of paperwork<br />
    30. 30. Don’t go! I’m sure page 3 of Billy’s Gifted Matrix Checklist No. 5.3 (a) is in here somewhere.<br />
    31. 31. Renzulli’sIdentification System<br />Based on the 3-Ring Conception of Giftedness & The Enrichment Triad Model<br />Strives for equity, excellence, and economy<br />Designed to be flexible<br />Based on research into the behavioral characteristics of highly creative & productive people<br />
    32. 32. 3 Ring Conception of Giftedness<br />
    33. 33. The 3 Goals ofRenzulli’s Identification System<br />#1<br />Develop the potential of students who may come to an educators’ attention through alternate means of identification.<br />
    34. 34. The 3 Goals ofRenzulli’s Identification System<br />#2<br />To ensure that students’ have the support that will promote the interaction of creativity, task commitment, and above average achievement.<br /> (Bringing the “rings together!)<br />
    35. 35. The 3 Goals ofRenzulli’s Identification System<br />#3<br />Provide opportunities, resources, and encouragement for the development and application of gifted behaviors.<br />
    36. 36. Characteristics<br />
    37. 37. Characteristics<br />Behaviors<br />
    38. 38. T<br />I<br />C<br />U<br />C<br />A<br />P<br />Gifted Behaviors NOT Gifted People!<br />
    39. 39. Gifted Artist<br />Talented Mathematician<br />Use “defining” terms as adjectives:<br />Talented Musician<br />Gifted Writer<br />
    40. 40. Above Average Ability<br />Above Average (General) Ability: Characteristics<br />High levels of:<br />Abstract thinking<br />Verbal reasoning<br />Numerical reasoning<br />Spatial relations<br />Memory & word fluency<br />
    41. 41. Above Average Ability<br />Above Average (General) Ability: Characteristics<br />Automization of:<br />Information processing<br />Rapid, accurate & selective retrieval of information<br />Adapts to novel situations<br />
    42. 42. Above Average Ability<br />Above Average (Specific) Ability: Characteristics<br />Application of various combinations of general abilities to one or more specialized areas of knowledge or performance<br />
    43. 43. Above Average Ability<br />Above Average (Specific) Ability: Characteristics<br />Capacity for acquiring & using:<br />Advanced knowledge<br />Techniques<br />Logistics<br />Strategies<br />Capacity to determine relevance of information<br />
    44. 44. Task Commitment<br />Task Commitment: Characteristics<br />High levels of:<br />Interest<br />Enthusiasm<br />Fascination<br />Involvement<br />Demonstrates:<br />Perseverance<br />Endurance<br />Determination<br />Hard work<br />Dedicated practice<br />
    45. 45. Task Commitment: Characteristics<br />Task Commitment<br />Self-confident<br />Belief in one’s own ability<br />Driven to achieve<br />Rage to Master<br />Open to criticism<br />
    46. 46. Task Commitment<br />Task Commitment: Characteristics<br />Ability to identify problems<br />Sets high standards for self & others<br />Developing sense of taste, quality & excellence about work products<br />
    47. 47. Creativity<br />Creativity:Characteristics<br />Fluency, flexibility & originality of thought<br />Openness to experience<br />Receptive to new & different thoughts, actions, and products<br />
    48. 48. Creativity<br />Creativity:Characteristics<br />Curious<br />Speculative<br />Adventurous<br />“Mentally Playful”<br />
    49. 49. Creativity<br />Creativity:Characteristics<br />Sensitive to:<br />Details<br />Aesthetic characteristics of ideas & things<br />Willing to:<br />Act on own ideas and feelings<br />React to external stimulation<br />
    50. 50. School House Giftedness<br />Creative Giftedness<br />
    51. 51. Teacher Pleaser<br />Evil Genius<br />
    52. 52. Characteristics: Seeing<br />Unusual alertness<br />Joy in learning<br />Keen observation<br />Sees “Big Picture”<br />Makes connections<br />Intense focus<br />Curious<br />
    53. 53. Characteristics: Speed<br />Early and rapid learning<br />Rapid language development<br />Metacognitively efficient<br />
    54. 54. Superior ≠<br />
    55. 55. Superior =<br />
    56. 56. Characteristics: Differences<br />Superior language<br />Verbal fluency<br />Large vocabulary<br />Superior analytical and reasoning ability<br />High-capacity memory<br />Goes beyond what is sought<br />Abstract, complex, and insightful thinking<br />
    57. 57. Creatively Gifted<br />Independent<br />High energy<br />Curious<br />Sense of humor<br />Open-minded<br />Need for privacy and alone time<br />
    58. 58. Creatively Gifted<br />Aware of their own creativeness<br />Originality in thought and action<br />Attracted to complexity and novelty<br />Artistic tendencies<br />Willing to take risks<br />Perceptive<br />
    59. 59. Characteristic ofEminent Adults<br /> Creative<br /> Imaginative<br /> Innovative<br /> A Sense of Destiny<br />
    60. 60. And the not so good…<br />Impulsive<br />Egotistical<br />Argumentative<br />Rebellious<br />Uncooperative<br />Stubborn<br />Childish<br />Absentminded<br />Neurotic<br />Temperamental<br />Capricious<br />Careless<br />Disorganized<br />Demanding<br />Indifferent to Conventions<br />
    61. 61. Characteristics: Negative<br />Uneven mental development<br />Interpersonal difficulties<br />Underachievement<br />
    62. 62. Your Mission…<br />
    63. 63. Your Mission…<br /><ul><li>Match the personality descriptions with the names posted on the wall around the room.</li></li></ul><li>Personality FactorsInfluencing Gifted Behavior<br />Charm/Charisma<br />Need for Achievement<br />Ego Strength<br />Energy<br />Sense of Destiny<br />Perception of Self, Self-Efficacy<br />Courage<br />Character<br />Intuition<br />Personal Attractiveness<br />
    64. 64. Environmental FactorsInfluencing Gifted Behavior<br />SES<br />Parental Personalities<br />Education of Parents<br />Stimulation of Childhood Interests<br />Family Position<br />Formal Education<br />Role Model Availability<br />Physical Illness and/or Well Being<br />Chance Factors<br />Zeitgeist<br />
    65. 65. Asynchronous Development<br />Uneven intellectual, physical, and emotional development.<br />
    66. 66. Asynchronous Development<br />Cognitively understand advanced concepts (like mortality) but lack emotional maturity to cope with knowledge<br />Perceived as older due to cognitive ability, but lack behavioral maturity<br />
    67. 67. Before Proceeding to Identification<br />Assess Needs and Plan Program<br />Discuss what types of services to provide<br />Choose who will provide services<br />Decide when services will be provided<br />Plan where services will be provided<br />
    68. 68. Continuum of Services<br />In Class Enrichment<br />Enrichment Clusters<br />SchoolwideEvents<br />Grade Level Events<br />Differentiation/ Compacting<br />Pull-out Programs<br />Enrichment Clusters<br />Enrichment Triad<br />
    69. 69. Internal Consistency<br />Develop the Criteria for Identification that matches yourProgram!<br />
    70. 70. Internal Consistency<br />Abilities and Interests of Students <br />Services and Programs Provided<br />Identification of interests and needs<br />Characteristics of Students<br />
    71. 71. Test Score Criteria<br /> [Approximately 50% of <br />The Talent Pool] <br />Total Talent Pool Consists of Approximately 15% of the General Population<br />99th<br />%ile<br />Test Score<br />Nominations<br />[Automatic, and Based on <br />Local Norms]<br />Step 1<br />92nd<br />%ile<br />Non-Test Criteria<br /> [Approximately 50% of <br />The Talent Pool] <br />Teacher Nominations<br />[Automatic Except in Cases of Teachers <br />Who Are Over or Under Nominators]<br />Step 2<br />Step 3<br />Alternative Pathways<br />Case Study<br /> Special Nominations<br />Step 4<br />Case Study<br />Notification of Parents<br />Step 5<br /> Action Information Nominations<br />Step 6<br />Renzulli Identification System<br />
    72. 72. AIG Program Membership<br />Students who demonstrate above average ability on cognitive tests<br />Students who would most benefit from supplementary services<br />Based on state guidelines<br />Use multiple criteria for identification <br />Look beyond the obvious - look for potential <br />
    73. 73. Test Score Criteria<br /> [Approximately 50% of <br />The Talent Pool] <br />Total Talent Pool Consists of Approximately 15% of the General Population<br />99th<br />%ile<br />Test Score<br />Nominations<br />[Automatic, and Based on <br />Local Norms]<br />Step 1<br />92nd<br />%ile<br />Non-Test Criteria<br /> [Approximately 50% of <br />The Talent Pool] <br />Teacher Nominations<br />[Automatic Except in Cases of Teachers <br />Who Are Over or Under Nominators]<br />Step 2<br />Step 3<br />Alternative Pathways<br />Case Study<br /> Special Nominations<br />Step 4<br />Case Study<br />Notification of Parents<br />Step 5<br /> Action Information Nominations<br />Step 6<br />Renzulli Identification System<br />
    74. 74. Step 1: Test Score Nomination<br />I.Q. Testing<br />And<br />Gifted Education<br />
    75. 75. Step 1: Test Score Nomination<br />
    76. 76. Achievement Tests<br />Iowa Tests of Basic Skills<br />Riverside Publishing Company<br />www.riversidepublishing.com<br />Measures students’ academic skills in several content areas: reading, mathematics, social studies, science, and information sources<br />
    77. 77. Achievement Tests<br />Metropolitan Achievement Test<br />Harcourt Brace Educational Measurement<br />www.harcourtassessment.com<br />Focuses on reading, mathematics, language, writing, science, and social studies<br />
    78. 78. Achievement Tests<br />Stanford Achievement Test<br />Harcourt Brace Educational Measurement<br />www.harcourtassessment.com<br />Assesses reading, mathematics, language, spelling, study skills, science, social studies, and listening<br />
    79. 79. Intelligence/Ability Tests<br />Cognitive Abilities Test Form 6 (CogAT)<br />Riverside Publishing<br />http://www.riverppub.com/<br />Measures both general and specific reasoning abilities in three areas: verbal, quantitative, and nonverbal<br />
    80. 80. Intelligence/Ability Tests<br />Naglieri Nonverbal Ability Test<br />Harcourt Brace Educational Measurement<br />www.harcourtassessment.com<br />Measures nonverbal reasoning and problem-solving abilities. Reading and math skills are not required to respond to each set of patterns.<br />
    81. 81. Intelligence/Ability Tests<br />Otis-Lennon School Ability Test<br />Harcourt Brace Educational Measurement<br />www.harcourtassessment.com<br />Measures reasoning skills, including verbal comprehension, verbal reasoning, pictorial reasoning, figural reasoning, and quantitative reasoning.<br />
    82. 82. Intelligence/Ability Tests<br />Cornell Critical Thinking Tests<br />Critical Thinking Books & Software<br />www.criticalthinking.com<br />Measures students’ ability to think critically when analyzing premises and conclusions, judge the reliability of information, and identify assumptions.<br />
    83. 83. Intelligence/Ability Tests<br />Kuhlmann-Andersion Tests<br />Scholastic Testing Service<br />www.ststesting.com<br />Assesses verbal and nonverbal abilities.<br />
    84. 84. Step 2: Teacher Nomination<br />All Teachers need to be informed<br />Procedures for nomination<br />Students who have gained access through test scores<br />AVOID NEEDLESS PAPERWORK!<br />
    85. 85. Step 2: Teacher Nomination<br />Allows identification of students who exhibit behaviors not determined by tests<br />High levels of creativity<br />Task commitment<br />Unusual or intense interests<br />Unusual talents<br />
    86. 86. Step 2: Teacher Nomination<br />Acceptance equal to test scores with one exception…<br />
    87. 87. Step 2: Teacher Nomination<br />Acceptance equal to test scores with one exception…<br /> Teachers who over-identify<br />
    88. 88. Teacher Rating Scales<br />Gifted and Talented Evaluation Scales<br />Pro-ed<br />www.proedinc.com<br /><ul><li>Teachers rate intellectual ability academic skills, creativity, leadership, and artistic talent</li></li></ul><li>Teacher Rating Scales<br />Tracking Talents<br />Prufrock Press<br />www.prufrock.com<br /><ul><li>Used to screen and identify multiple talents: cognitive abilities, academic talents, social & physical abilities, and technological & artistic talents through peer, teacher, and self-nomination.</li></li></ul><li>Teacher Rating Scales<br />SRBCSS<br />Scales for Rating the Behavioral Characteristics of Superior Students<br />Creative Learning Press<br />www.creativelearningpress.com<br /><ul><li>Teachers assess students on 10 dimensions: learning, motivation, creativity, leadership, art, music, dramatics, planning, communication (precision), and communication (expressiveness)</li></li></ul><li>Step 3: Alternate Pathways<br />Defined locally<br />Allows the pool of talent to reflect<br />Needs of student population<br />Demographics of district population<br />Allows for non-traditional students to receive services<br />
    89. 89. Step 3: Alternate Pathways<br />Examples<br />Self-nomination<br />Parent nomination<br />Peer nomination<br />Tests of Creativity<br />Product evaluation<br />
    90. 90. Step 3: Alternate Pathways<br />Leads to initial consideration by a screening committee<br />NOT AUTOMATIC!<br />
    91. 91. Step 3: Alternate Pathways<br />Screening makes evaluation based on:<br />Previous school records<br />Interviews with students, teachers, & parents<br />Administered individual assessments recommended by committee<br />Placed in program on trial basis.<br />
    92. 92.
    93. 93.
    94. 94. Creative Thinking Skills<br />Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking<br />Scholastic Testing<br />www.ststesting.com<br />Figural and Verbal tests assess fluency, flexibility, and originality. The figural test also assesses elaboration.<br />
    95. 95. Creative Thinking Skills<br />Group Inventory for Finding Creative Talent<br />Educational Assessment Service<br />www.sylviarimm.com<br />Focuses on creativity via imagination, independence, and multiple interests.<br />
    96. 96. Underachievers: Personality<br />Low self-esteem or Low self-efficacy<br />Feelings of Pessimism<br />Anxious, impulsive, or inattentive<br />Aggressive, hostile<br />Depressed<br />Socially immature<br />
    97. 97. Maladaptive Strategies<br />Lack goal-directed behavior<br />Poor coping skills<br />Poor self-regulation<br />Defense mechanisms<br />
    98. 98. Not all bad…<br /><ul><li>Demonstrate honesty and integrity when rejecting inappropriate school work
    99. 99. Intense outside interests
    100. 100. Creative</li></li></ul><li>What about these characteristics?<br />Inability to master certain academic skills<br />Lack of motivation<br />Disruptive classroom behavior<br />Failure to complete assignments<br />Lack of organizational skills<br />Poor listening and concentration skills<br />Unrealistic self-expectations<br />
    101. 101. Twice-Exceptional<br />Gifted with Learning Disability<br />May also demonstrate<br />Learned helplessness<br />Perfectionism<br />Supersensitivity<br />Low self-esteem<br />Behaviors may hamper identification<br />
    102. 102. Look For:<br />Advanced vocabulary use<br />Exceptional analytic abilities<br />Divergent thinking<br />High levels of creativity<br />Spatial abilities<br />Advanced problem-solving skills<br />Specific aptitude<br />Good memory<br />
    103. 103. Identifying the Underidentified<br />Express leadership collaboratively rather than competitively<br />
    104. 104. Identifying the Underidentified<br />Seek structure and organization in required tasks<br />Be slow to motivate in some abstract activities<br />Have large vocabulary, but one inappropriate for school<br />
    105. 105. Identifying the Underidentified<br />Makes up games or activities<br />Have extremely strong concentration<br />Express displeasure in having to stop certain activities<br />
    106. 106. Identifying the Underidentified<br />Be very independent<br />Neglect school work due to other interests<br />Not show expected achievement<br />
    107. 107. Identifying the Underidentified<br /><ul><li>Not be assertive
    108. 108. Ask few questions
    109. 109. Be a more concrete learner
    110. 110. Be humble, quiet
    111. 111. Not be competitive
    112. 112. Not openly express feelings</li></li></ul><li>Identifying the Underidentified<br /><ul><li>Have difficulty overcoming peer pressure
    113. 113. Not look a teacher in the eye
    114. 114. Use culturally traditional ways of dealing with personal issues</li></li></ul><li>Identifying the Underidentified<br /><ul><li>Not challenge incorrect statements
    115. 115. Prefer to work with others but practice alone
    116. 116. Consider family & religious activities more important than school</li></li></ul><li>Identifying the Underidentified<br /><ul><li>Not have a strong home reading environment
    117. 117. Have more developed aural/oral memory
    118. 118. Not be comfortable speaking in public
    119. 119. Be fluently bi- or tri-lingual</li></li></ul><li>Step 4: Special Nominations<br />Safety Valve No.1<br />
    120. 120. Step 4:Special Nominations<br />Circulate a list to ALL past and present teachers<br />Allows resource teachers to nominate<br />Allows override of current teacher if necessary<br />
    121. 121. Step 5:Notification & Orientation of Parents<br />Letter of Notification<br />Comprehensive description of Program<br />Focuses on child placement in Talent Pool<br />Not certification of giftedness<br />
    122. 122. Step 5:Notification & Orientation of Parents<br />Meeting to explain ALL program policies, procedures, & activities<br />How admission to program was determined<br />Additions may be made during year<br />Invite further interactions<br />
    123. 123. Step 5:Notification & Orientation of Parents<br />Similar orientation for students!<br />Not told they are gifted<br />Focus on the opportunities available to develop gifted behaviors<br />
    124. 124. Step 6: Action Information Nominations<br />Safety Valve No.2<br />
    125. 125. Step 6:Action Information Nominations<br />The dynamic interactions that occur when a student becomes extremely interested in or excited about a particular topic, area of study, issue, idea, or event.<br />
    126. 126. Step 6:Action Information Nominations<br />Any enrichment opportunity (whether school or non-school) that might turn a student onto learning or causes them to express gifted behaviors.<br />
    127. 127. Two Types of Information Leading to Identification<br />Status Information<br />Anything you can put down on paper beforehand that tells you something about the student.<br />Action Information<br />Things that you can only document when they are happening or after they happen.<br />
    128. 128. Status Information<br />Grades<br />Test scores<br />Student work samples<br />Surveys<br />Interest<br />Learning Styles<br />Expression Styles<br />
    129. 129. Status Information<br />Teacher input <br />Parent input<br />Students’ Self-nomination<br />Peer Nominations<br />
    130. 130.
    131. 131. Action Information<br />Teacher observations<br /><ul><li>Work habits
    132. 132. Thinking
    133. 133. Questioning
    134. 134. Leadership Qualities
    135. 135. Peer Interactions
    136. 136. Skill Development</li></ul>Conversations<br />Interviews<br />Video/audio recordings<br />
    137. 137.
    138. 138.
    139. 139. TheTotalTalentPortfolio <br />Looking at Strengths & Interests…<br />
    140. 140. Total Talent Portfolio<br />A systematic way to gather, record, and use information about each young person’s strengths and abilities.<br />
    141. 141. Total Talent Portfolio<br />Participation in Enrichment Clusters, Extra-Curricular Activities<br />Compacting<br />Recommendations for future<br />Student Goals<br />Abilities (Test Scores)<br />Learning Styles<br />Learning Environment<br />Thinking Style<br />Expression Style<br />Action Information “Lightbulbs”<br />Student Work/Projects<br />
    142. 142. Interest-A-Lyzer<br />
    143. 143. Sample Items…Imagine that you can spend a week job shadowing any person in your community to investigate a career you might like to have in the future. List the occupations of the persons you would select.1st choice ______________________2nd choice______________________3rd choice ______________________<br />
    144. 144. Sample Items (Secondary Interest-A-Lyzer)…If you could conduct an interview with a man or woman you admire, past or present, who would it be? What 3 questions would you ask him or her?1. ____________________________________2. ____________________________________3. ____________________________________<br />
    145. 145.
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    148. 148.
    149. 149.
    150. 150.
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    152. 152.
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    154. 154.
    155. 155. Learning Styles Inventory<br />Sample Items(Renzulli & Smith)…<br />Really Dislike……..Really Like <br />Being a member of a panel that 1 2 3 4 5 is discussing current events<br />Working on your own to prepare 1 2 3 4 5<br />material you will discuss in class<br />
    156. 156.
    157. 157. www.learning-styles-online.com<br />
    158. 158.
    159. 159. What differentiates gifted learners from high achievers?<br />
    160. 160. Bright<br />Knows the Answers <br /> Asks the Questions<br />Gifted<br />
    161. 161. Bright<br />Is Attentive<br /> Is Intellectually Engaged<br />Gifted<br />
    162. 162. Bright<br />Has Good Ideas<br /> Has Original Ideas<br />Gifted<br />
    163. 163. Bright<br />Absorbs Information<br /> Manipulates Information<br />Gifted<br />
    164. 164. Bright<br />Top Student<br /> Beyond Her Age Peers<br />Gifted<br />
    165. 165. Bright<br />Repeats 6-8 Times for Mastery<br /> Repeats 1-2 Times for Mastery<br />Gifted<br />
    166. 166. Bright<br />Understands Ideas<br /> Constructs Abstractions<br />Gifted<br />
    167. 167. Bright<br />Grasps the Meaning<br /> Draws Inferences<br />Gifted<br />
    168. 168. Bright<br />Is a Technician<br /> Is an Inventor<br />Gifted<br />
    169. 169. Questions?<br />
    170. 170. Thank You!<br />

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