Flexible resin denture presentation power point

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Flexible resin denture presentation power point

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Flexible resin denture presentation power point

  1. 1. By Ahmed Mostafa Hussein Assisstant lecturer Dental Biomaterial Department Faculty of Dentistry, Mansoura University 2013 1
  2. 2. Disadvantages of cast RPD Disadvantages of conventional rigid acrylic RPD (PMMA 1930) Advantages of nylon flexible denture (1955) Disadvantages of nylon flexible denture Controversial and/or need more research 2
  3. 3. Indications of nylon flexible denture Contraindications of nylon flexible denture Main composition Manipulation Commercial products Uses of thermoplastic resins 3
  4. 4. Disadvantages of cast RPD 1. Expensive 2. Need high skill in preparation 3. Time consuming mouth preparation 4. Technique-sensitive casting 5. More difficult 6. Visibility of metal clasp 7. Heavy weight 8. Brittle 9. Difficult in relining & repairing 4
  5. 5. Disadvantages of conventional rigid acrylic RPD (PMMA 1930) 1. Brittleness of PMMA, so frequent fracture occurs. 2. Allergy to MMA monomer 3. High porosity 4. Irritation of mucosa 5. Foul smell 6. Difficult to insert in undercut areas 5
  6. 6. 7. High water sorption 8. Dimensional changes and polymerization shrinkage 9. There are many factors in the laboratory procedure that can lead to alteration of denture occlusion and results in significant increase in vertical dimension after processing. 10. Denture wearers use dentures adhesive which causes its own problems. 6
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  12. 12. Advantages of nylon flexible denture (1955) :Soft and inherent flexibility.1 Ability to engage undercuts for retention. No need for periodic adjustment of clasp to keep them tight. Low modulus of elasticity 2. Will not warp or become brittle. 3. clinically unbreakable. 4. Good biocompatibility: because it is free of monomer and metal. 12
  13. 13. 5. No porosity, so no bacteria can build up within it.??!! 6. No gingival inflammation 7. More comfortable 8. Absorb small amounts of water to make the denture more soft and tissue compatible. 9. Less bulky (thinner) and lighter weight 10. Better chewing efficiency 13
  14. 14. : Translucent, so it allows naturalBetter esthetics.11 gum to show through, making it invisible. Clasps rest on the gums surrounding the natural teeth. They are indistinguishable from the gums. No metal framework 12. More retention and stability 13. Retention depends mainly on the tissue and only a small portion of abutment tooth. No evidence of excessive abutment mobility 14. Ease of fabrication (in comparison with cast RPD) 15. Reduces chair side time (shorter fabrication time) 14
  15. 15. Disadvantages of nylon flexible denture 1.Intended only for provisional or temporary applications. Flexible dentures are generally only used when traditional dentures cause discomfort to the patient and cannot be solved through relining. 15
  16. 16. 2. A major drawback is de-bonding of the acrylic teeth from nylon denture base. Nylon polyamide denture base material does not bond chemically with acrylic resin/porcelain, so mechanical undercuts (diatorics) are made in each tooth. It cannot be used with patients having low vertical dimension and closed bite. 16
  17. 17. 3.Tend to absorb the water content and will discolor often. 4.Discoloration and gradual fading of denture base color are reported after 1-2 years. ??!! 5.High surface roughness. This may lead to bacterial and fungal colonization. ??!! N.B: Brushing a Valplast appliance is not recommended as this may remove the polish and roughen the surface over time. 17
  18. 18. 6.The procedure is technique sensitive. Extreme caution is necessary when processing to avoid skin contact with the heated sleeve, cartridge, furnace, hot cartridge, injection insert, hot flasks and heat lamps. 7.Difficult to adjust and polish. 8.When grinding this prosthesis, proper ventilation, masks and vacuum systems should be used. 18
  19. 19. 9.Lower hardness 10.Lacks important elements of RPD, in particular, occlusal rests and a rigid framework, So it won't maintain vertical dimension. It is contraindicated for unilateral distal extension. 11.Usually cannot be relined, so stability is a concern if the alveolar ridge resorbs. Usually cannot be repaired. 19
  20. 20. Controversial and/or need more research –:Claimed to have.1 High creep resistance, fatigue endurance, wear characteristics, dimensional stability and solvent resistance. N.B: Injection moulded denture base material has better accuracy than compression moulded PMMA 2. Bacterial and fungal colonization: Although it has no porosity, it has high surface roughness. 3. Color stability 20
  21. 21. Indications of nylon flexible denture 1.Bilateral undercuts 2.Allergy to acrylic resin 3.Patients who do not want a fixed restoration and metal clasps. 4.No enough bone for fitting dental implant 5.Bruxism 6.Patients with compromised neuro-motor function 7.Single denture 8.Obturators 9.Rehabilitating the anomalies such as ectodermal dysplasia. 21
  22. 22. Contraindications of nylon flexible denture 1. Unilateral distal extension 2. Low vertical dimension and closed bite 22
  23. 23. Nylon flexible dentureConventional rigid acrylic denture Not brittle Clinically unbreakable Brittleness of PMMA, so frequent fracture occurs Good biocompatibility: because it is free of monomer and metal Allergy to MMA monomer More comfortable, not irritant to mucosa Irritation of mucosa Soft and inherent flexibility Ability to engage undercuts for retention Rigid Difficult to insert in undercut areas Better esthetics, esthetic claspLess esthetics, metal clasp Shorter fabrication timeLonger fabricaion time 23
  24. 24. Nylon flexible dentureConventional rigid acrylic denture Temporary onlyPermanent Mechanical retention between acrylic teeth and nylon denture. De-bonding is a major disadvantage. Chemical bond between acrylic teeth and acrylic denture Lower hardnessHigher hardness High surface roughness. Brushing increases surface roughness Usually cannot be relined and repaired Can be relined and repaired 24
  25. 25. Main composition Polyamide nylon thermoplastic material 25
  26. 26. Manipulation Injection molding technique: It is highly sensitive to the position and size of sprue placement. 26
  27. 27. 1. Investing in a special flask (e.g valplast flask) and spruing. Sprue designing: For complete maxillary dentures, sufficient width sprue is attached to the posterior border of the denture with an extension over the palate area to allow adequate flow of the material throughout the palate area. For partial dentures and mandibular complete dentures, the sprue is attached to both lingual extensions as well as in the midline. 27
  28. 28. 2.Wax elimination by boiling. 3. Undercuts (diatorics) are made (prepared) in the centre of each tooth so that the melted fluid polyamide will flow into the undercuts for mechanical retention. After preparation, each tooth is cemented back into its place in the top half of the flask with valcement (cement provided with the valplast system). N.B. Cyanoacrylate is contraindicated, because it bonds permanently with the teeth surface. 28
  29. 29. 4. Thermoplastic nylon is melted at temperatures from 274 to 302 C for 11 min before injection. The opened flask is placed directly in a pre-heated oven maintained at 65-80 C. Furnace timer was set for 17 minutes. The flasks halves are assembled with brackets and together with the cartridge containing melted nylon; they are placed on to the injection unit. The injection molding pressure is maintained at 5 bars for 1 min. The dental flask is bench-cooled before deflasking. 29
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  33. 33. Commercial products Valplast, Flexiplast, Duraflex, Impak, Lucitone FRS, Flexite, Flexite M.P., Flexite Plus, Sunflex and Proflex. 33
  34. 34. 1.Valplast (Valplast Int. Corp. - USA) Nylon polyamide thermoplastic. Light weight Monomer free 2.Flexiplast (Bredent - Germay) Nylon polyamide 34
  35. 35. 3.Lucitone FRS (DENTSPLY Trubyte, New York, PA, USA) Nylon linear polyamide Monomer free 4.Flexite Thermoplastic fluoropolymer (Teflon) 1962 35
  36. 36. 5.Flexite M.P. Thermoplastic acrylic, a special blend of polymers. Highest impact rating of any acrylic. Flexible Can be relined and repaired. Easy to adjust and repair. 36
  37. 37. 6.Flexite Plus Nylon polamide thermoplastic material Monomer free Impervious to oral fluids May be combined with a metal framework to eliminate the display of metal labial clasps. 37
  38. 38. 7.Sunflex Nylon thermoplastic Tissue-colored clasps More stain-resistant than other flexible acrylics. Can be relined & repaired. 38
  39. 39. 8.Pro-flex Full and partial flexible denture since 1998. Can be repaired. Can be relined using Pro-flex soft liner material. 39
  40. 40. Uses of thermoplastic resins 1.Flexible RPD 2.Tooth colored clasps 3.Preformed RPD clasps 4.Flexite-metal combination 5.Obturators 6.Impression tray 7.Provisional crowns and bridges 8.Orthodontic brackets 9.TMJ’s, bruxism & anti-snoring devices 10.Sports mouth guards 40
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  45. 45. Comparison between: Acrylic soft liner (soft acrylic resin e.g Vertex) Nylon flexible denture (e.g Valplast) 45
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  47. 47. References Kaira LS, Dayakara HR, Singh R. Flexible denture for partially edentulous arches – A case report. www.journalofdentofacialsciences.com 2012; 1: 39–42. Arafa KA. Evaluation the physical properties between flexible, cold-cued and hard heat-cured acrylic resin (in vitro study). Life Sci J 2012; 9: 1707–10. Gladstone S, Sudeep S, Arum Kumar G. An evaluation of the hardness of flexible denture base resins: original study. Health Sci 2012; 1: 1–8. 47
  48. 48. Ito M, Miyamoto T, Kawai Y. The combination of a nylon and traditional partial removable dental prosthesis for improved esthetics: a clinical report. J Prosthet Dent 2013; 109: 5–8. Hundal CM, Madan BR. Comparative clinical evaluation of removable partial dentures made of two different materials in Kennedy Applegate class II partially edentulous situation. MJAFI 2012; 1–7. Yavuz T, Aykent F. Temporary flexible removable partial denture: a clinical report. Clinical Dentistry and Research 2012; 36: 41–4. 48
  49. 49. Singh JP, Dhiman RK, Bedi RPS, Girish SH. Flexible denture base material: a viable alternative to conventional acrylic denture base material. Contemp Clin Dent 2011; 2: 313–7. Dhiman CR, Chowdhury LCSR. Midline fractures in single maxillary complete acrylic vs flexible dentures: original article. MJAFI 2009; 65: 141–5. Negrutiu M, Sinescu C, Romanu M, Pop D, Lakatos S. Thermoplastic resins for flexible framework removable partial dentures: review articles. TMJ 2005; 55: 295–9. 49
  50. 50. Shamnur SN, Jagadeesh KN, Kalavathi SD, Kashinath KR. Flexible dentures – an alternate for rigid dentures. Journal of Dental Sciences & Research; 1: 74–9. 50

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