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Partie 2 - Assainissement sur AutoCad 2007 et 2004

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Dans le cadre du module topographie , Monsieur ELARRIM KARIM nous a proposé de réalisé un projet sur l'assainissement au niveau de Autocad 2007 et 2004 et le document ci-dessus représente la première partie de ce projet .

Note : Ce document est réalisé par :
Ahmed El Atari et Mohammed Jidal

Published in: Education
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Partie 2 - Assainissement sur AutoCad 2007 et 2004

  1. 1. ASSAINISSEMENT GUIDEPRATIQUE AHMEDELATARI-MOHAMMEDJIDAL EncadréPar:Pr.ElArrim Karim PARTIE 2 ©2014
  2. 2. 1 Liste de figure FIGURE 1 : CHARGEMENT DE SEMIS ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------2 FIGURE 2 : CREATION DU MNT -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------3 FIGURE 3: LE MNT --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------3 FIGURE 4 : ACTIVER LA BARRE D'OUTILS -----------------------------------------------------------------------------4 FIGURE 5 : LA BARRE DES OUTILS D'ASSAINISSEMENT ---------------------------------------------------------------4 FIGURE 6 : PARAMETRAGE DU RESEAU ------------------------------------------------------------------------------5 FIGURE 7 : LES PARAMETRES DU RESEAU ----------------------------------------------------------------------------5 FIGURE 8:CHOISIR LE MNT------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------6 FIGURE 9:DEFINIR LES TABULATIONS --------------------------------------------------------------------------------6 FIGURE 10: TYPES DES TUYAUS --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------7 FIGURE 11: GENRE DES REGARDS -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------7 FIGURE 12: LA DIRECTION DU FLUX ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------7 FIGURE 13 : DESSIN DU PROFIL EN LONG ---------------------------------------------------------------------------9 FIGURE 14: MISE EN PAGE ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------9
  3. 3. 2 I. Réseau des eaux pluviales (EP) 1. Chargement de Semis : Tout projet en assainissement commence par une visite du terrain et d’un levé topographique pour avoir une idée sur la topologie et morphologie de l’affaire étudiée. Après le levé topographique les appareils (Station totale) sauvegarde automatiquement un fichier sous format (*.Géo) qui contient l’ensemble des points mesurée. Ce fichier est indispensable et connu par les logiciels DAO par exemple : AutoCAD 2007. Alors pour commencer on va charger le fichier. Covadis 2D / Points Topographiques / Chargement de semis Figure 1 : Chargement de Semis
  4. 4. 3 2. Calcul du Modèle Numérique du Terrain (M.N.T) Maintenant on doit tracer le Modèle Numérique du Terrain car il nous donne une représentation de la topographie (altimétrie et/ou bathymétrie) de la zone étudiée sous une forme adaptée à son utilisation par un calculateur numérique (ordinateur). Alors pour ce faire il faut aller vers le menu : Covadis 3D / Calcul de MNT / Calcul et dessin de MNT Figure 2 : Création du MNT Figure 3: Le MNT
  5. 5. 4 3. Affichage de La Barre d’outils d’assainissement : Autodesk a ajouté sur AutoCAD dans son 20éme version qui est AutoCAD 2007 une barre d’outils spécialement pour l’étude et le traitement des projets en assainissement. En outre ils sont rajoutés pas mal de fonctionnalités qui étaient absentes dans les versions précédentes. Par default la barre d’outils est cachée donc pour l’afficher il suffit de suivre les étapes suivantes : Covadis VRD / Assainissement et réseau divers / Afficher la barre d’outils Figure 4 : Activer la barre d'outils Figure 5 : La barre des outils d'assainissement
  6. 6. 5 4. Paramétrage de réseau : Ensuite, Il faut qu’on spécifie certains critères sur le réseau d’assainissement qu’on veut établir. Ces critères sont bien spécifier sur le cahier de charge du projet. Pour ce faire il faut choisir paramétrage général sur la barre d’outils. Figure 6 : Paramétrage du réseau Figure 7 : Les paramètres du réseau
  7. 7. 6 Premièrement on doit choisir le MNT crée précédemment. Figure 8:Choisir le MNT Ensuite, on doit spécifier l’intervalle des tabulations qui sont des coupes verticales de la canalisation qu’on va créer par la suite : Figure 9:Définir les tabulations
  8. 8. 7 5. Création de canalisation : Après le paramétrage de notre réseau on est arrivé à la création et le dessin de notre canalisation qui doit respecter certaines règles : 1- Fait attention aux altitudes et éviter les contre-pentes. 2- Essayer de ce dirigé toujours vers la droite en traçant la canalisation. Dans cette étape on va nommer la canalisation est ainsi qu’on doit spécifier le types des tuyaux, les regards et la direction du flux. Figure 10: types des tuyaus Figure 11: Genre des Regards Figure 12: La direction du Flux
  9. 9. 8 6. Calcul de débits Dans cette étape on va calculer le débit entre chaque nœuds pour avoir une idée sur les équipements qu’on doit choisir. Figure 13: Menu Calcul Débit Voilà vous constatez que il nous plusieurs informations sur le débit, le volume, la pente ainsi que les collecteurs. Figure 14: La fiche des debits
  10. 10. 9 7. Profils en long Passant maintenant l’étape la plus importante c’est le dessin du profil en long. Figure 15 : Dessin du Profil en Long Ensuite, on peut personnaliser la mise en page du profil grâce à l’interface suivante : Figure 16: Mise en Page
  11. 11. 10 Figure 17 : Profil en long finale
  12. 12. 11 8. Profil en travers Enfin, on va essayer d’avoir une vision verticale de la canalisation tracée et toujours sur la même barre vous trouvez l’option dessiner un profil en travers. Figure 18: Menu - Profil en Long Figure 19:profil en travers

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