• Hospital Emergency Codes are used in hospitals worldwide to alert
staff to various emergencies.
• The use of codes is intended to convey essential information quickly
and with minimal misunderstanding to staff, while preventing stress
and panic among visitors to the hospital.
• These codes may be posted on placards throughout the hospital, or
printed on employee identification badges for ready reference.
Emergency Codes CardEmergency Codes Card
Code Blue Cardiac arrest
Code Yellow External Disaster
Code Pink Child Abduction / Kidnapping
Code Purple Physical Assault
Code Black Bomb Threat, Internal Disaster
Code Red Fire
Code Orange Evacuation
How To Activate the Emergency Codes?How To Activate the Emergency Codes?
Define and clarify the emergency situation.
Confirm the code color.
Inform and determine the emergency code.
Specify the location of the emergency, e.g. 4th
Floor; Department and
Give your name and your ID.
Repeat to confirm a clear message
A cardiac arrest happened in MMSW …
Nurse X, will activate as following:
1- confirm the emergency code.
2- call 111.
3- nurse X, will say: Code Blue, 4th
Floor MMSW, Room 504.
4- My Name: Nurse X, my ID : 123456
Code Blue is generally used to indicate a
patient requiring resuscitation, most often as the
result of a Respiratory Arrest or Cardiac Arrest.
Start following the basic life support guidelines
until the code blue team arrive.
Code blue team must arrive within 5 minutes.
Code Blue Team:
ICU Specialist or Consultant as Team Leader.
ICU Head Nurse or Charge Nurse, or Team
ER Head Nurse or Charge Nurse or Team Leader.
Code Yellow will be used in case of external disaster like earthquake,
bomb exploration or multiple road traffic accident
CODE YELLOW - EOP
When and how to Activate?
After receiving 10 cases from external disaster, code yellow will be
Head of ER will inform the manager on duty who will inform the high
management, then approval for activation will confirmed.
Every body will follow the emergency operational plan.
The objective of the Emergency Operational Plan is to
effectively prepare for, manage a disaster or emergency
and restore the facility to the same operational
capabilities as pre-disaster levels.
Code Purple for all physical Assault in the hospital either with patients
or visitors or HMG Staff.
To establish a process to protect patients from assault in the
To establish a process to protect Hospital staff from assault.
To establish standardized guidelines and procedures in the event of
an assault occurred within the hospital premisis.
Anyone with a quarter to make a telephone call can disrupt the
operations of a business. The use of explosives or the threat to use
explosives is becoming more prevalent.
Bomb threats may be received by mail, message or in person, they
are usually made by telephone.
If a bomb threat is received, two options
•exist: to evacuate the building immediately and/or to search the
No threat should be ignoredNo threat should be ignored
Code Pink for an infant or child abduction in the hospital.
S: Search the unit for infant/child and Secure the scene.
T: Telephone notification by calling the emergency number 111, and give the important information.
O: Obtain pertinent information and protect the potential crime scene until Safety & Security Manager Arrives
R: Report and Reassign the mother/family to a different room for security purposes.
K: Keep all staff and visitors on the unit until Police arrives. Police authorities will release staff and visitors at
Code Red: it is alarm for Fire inside the hospital.
Purpose of fire safety plan
to protect patients, visitors, contractors and employees.
to minimize property damage.
Fire Prevention and protection:
Training all of the hospital’s staff.
preparing and distributing the plan in the hospital.
applying fire drill in each department.
applying hospital wide fire drill.
Code Orange is for purpose of evacuation from the hospital
Hospital Evacuation Steps.
Code Orange – Standby.
Code Orange – in effect.
Code Orange – clear
Hospital Evacuation types
All staff and visitors and patient will go to assembly point by using the
fire exit and stairs …
Don’t use elevators for evacuation