Marshmallow Test


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An introduction to Marshmallow Test.
The Stanford marshmallow experiment[1] refers to a series of studies on deferred gratification in the late 1960s and early 1970s led by psychologist Walter Mischel then a professor at Stanford University.

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Marshmallow Test

  1. 1. A simple Self-Control TestPresenter:Ahmad Haghighi haghighi.ahmad@gmail.comIT Student, Faculty of Electronics & Computer, University of Birjand. March 2012
  2. 2. Introduction History• Began in 1960• By Stanford psychology professor Walter Mischel• 4-6 years old children• Continued after 16-18 years later. (when the children graduated from high school)
  3. 3. If you couldeat one marshmallow right now, or two marshmallows after waiting 15 minutes, which one would you pick?
  4. 4. Step 1 of 6 Set your child up in an area with a chair, a table, and one marshmallow.In the academic experiment, researchers hidbehind a two way mirror. You can accomplishthe same thing with a video camera ora webcam in your computer.
  5. 5. Step 2 of 6 Tell your child the rules of the test:You will put one marshmallow on the table andleave the room to "do a short errand." He/she iswelcome to eat the marshmallow while you aregone. However, if you return from your errand andhe/she hasnt eaten the marshmallow, you willreward him/her with an additional marshmallow.
  6. 6. Step 3 of 6 Leave the room once the child understands that he/she either gets to eat one marshmallow now or two later.
  7. 7. Step 4 of 6 Wait.In the actual experiment, the psychologistswaited up to 20 minutes to see if the childrencould resist the temptation. However, in this funversion of the test, most parents will prefer toonly wait 2-5 minutes.Most of times we wait 15 minuets.
  8. 8. Step 5 of 6 Return and reward the child with an extra marshmallow if deserved.Allow them to now eat both marshmallows.Explain that you are proud of them for beingpatient. If they ate the marshmallow while youwere gone, try to use the moment for teachingabout delayed gratification.
  9. 9. Step 6 of 6 Enjoy watching the video recording of the test with your whole family, and with the child when he or she gets older.The kids will enjoy seeing their reactionregardless of how the test goes.
  10. 10. Marshmallow Test• Tested in USA, Brazil, Japan, Korea and …• Of the 600 participants, only about 200 (one- third) were able to wait the 15 minutes to claim the two marshmallows• Scientific American reports another study following 1000 children for 30 years which found that...
  11. 11. Predicting Kids SuccessThose who were able to wait for the secondmarshmallow were much more likely to be:• well-behaved in school• significantly higher SAT scores• healthier• more financially secure• lower crime rates
  12. 12. Why?The reason is that self control helps us to worktowards desirable longer term goals that mightnot be appealing in the short term, andconversely to avoid appealing actions in theshort term that might lead to undesirableoutcomes in the long term.e.g. it’s application in Sale.
  13. 13. Most important factor for success Ability to • Delay Gratification • Self Control • Self Discipline
  14. 14. My Research!Marshmallow Test in Iran
  15. 15. Video Deleted for easy downloadPlease Visit:
  16. 16. • Video Deleted For easy download• Video Link: 6419289.html
  17. 17. W. B .Yeats
  18. 18. Reference 1. 2. 3. 4. marshmallow-test-40-years-later/