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ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVES 
Stem cell research & transplantation
Argument against 
 Embryo as source of embryonic stem cell 
- it is a human and it is wrong to harm a human 
 destroy a ...
Maqasid al shari’at 
(Purposes of the Law) 
Ethical procedures conform to and do not violate the FIVE maqasid 
al shari’at...
Ethical controversy about embryonic stem cells: 
 The use of adult stem cells or cells from the umbilical cord 
raises fe...
Muzakarah Fatwa Committee of the National Council for 
Islamic Affairs Malaysia 
 Therapeutic cloning for medical purpose...
Acc. to fatwa: 
It is permissible to acquire, grow and use stem cells for 
therapy or scientific research as long as the c...
It is forbidden to obtain or use stem cells if its source is 
forbidden. 
 Fetuses intentionally aborted without a legal ...
Fatwa from: 
 Muslim Word League. Islamic Jurisprudence Council 
Conference, Dec 13-17, 2003, Makka, Saudi Arabia. Fatwa ...
Any other alternative?? 
Induced-pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) 
Definition: 
Adult cells that have been genetically reprogr...
1.Deactivated 
viruses introduce 
regulator genes into 
adult skin cell 
2.Regulator genes 
land randomly on 
chromosome 
...
References 
1. JIMA: Volume 39, 2007Prospects and Ethics of Stem Cell Research: 
An Islamic Perspective (Hossam E. Fadel, ...
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Islamic perspectives on stem cell

  1. 1. ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVES Stem cell research & transplantation
  2. 2. Argument against  Embryo as source of embryonic stem cell - it is a human and it is wrong to harm a human  destroy a potential for life, the embryo, to save the life of someone else  not produced any cures for disease yet  tendency for stem cells to develop tumors  reject the implanted cells as foreign objects
  3. 3. Maqasid al shari’at (Purposes of the Law) Ethical procedures conform to and do not violate the FIVE maqasid al shari’at  preservation of religion (hifdh al ddiin)  preservation of life (hifdh an nafs)  preservation of progeny (hifdh al nasl)  preservation of the intellect (hifdh al ‘aql)  preservation of resources (hifdh al maal)
  4. 4. Ethical controversy about embryonic stem cells:  The use of adult stem cells or cells from the umbilical cord raises few ethical controversies.  Embryonic stem cells, unlike adult stem cells, are a source of ethical controversy because they are obtained from embryonic tissue, either pre-implantation or post-implantation. Use of such tissue involves violation of the purpose of preserving life, hifdh an nafs. Since the cell is a potential human life its use in research or transplantation involves denial of that life. Prof. Omar Hasan Kasule Pioneer in integrating Islamic medicine into medical practice and teaching
  5. 5. Muzakarah Fatwa Committee of the National Council for Islamic Affairs Malaysia  Therapeutic cloning for medical purposes such as creating specific cells or replaced damaged organs with regard to border measures permitted by Islamic law is required.  Research on embryo should be done before the ‘alaqah (blastocyst) stage
  6. 6. Acc. to fatwa: It is permissible to acquire, grow and use stem cells for therapy or scientific research as long as the cells’ sources are permissible. Examples of permissible sources are:  Adults who consent as long as it does not inflict harm on them  Children whose guardians consent for a legal benefit without inflicting harm on the children  Placenta or umbilical cord blood with the permission of the parents  Spontaneously aborted embryos or those aborted for a legally acceptable cause and with the permission of the parents  Excess fertilized eggs produced during the course of IVF and donated by the parents with assurance that they are not to be used to produce an illegal pregnancy
  7. 7. It is forbidden to obtain or use stem cells if its source is forbidden.  Fetuses intentionally aborted without a legal medical reason  Intentional fertilization between a donated ovum and sperm (created embryo)  therapeutic cloning (if it is just used to create an embryo to be a stem cell donor or in the context of “reproductive” cloning)
  8. 8. Fatwa from:  Muslim Word League. Islamic Jurisprudence Council Conference, Dec 13-17, 2003, Makka, Saudi Arabia. Fatwa number 3. Regarding stem cells.  Muzakarah Fatwa Committee of the National Council for Islamic Affairs Malaysia, February 22, 2005
  9. 9. Any other alternative?? Induced-pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) Definition: Adult cells that have been genetically reprogrammed to an embryonic state
  10. 10. 1.Deactivated viruses introduce regulator genes into adult skin cell 2.Regulator genes land randomly on chromosome 3.The genes integrate into the skin cell’s DNA 4.The new gene start regulating the other genes of the skin cell 5.Reverse into embryonic state
  11. 11. References 1. JIMA: Volume 39, 2007Prospects and Ethics of Stem Cell Research: An Islamic Perspective (Hossam E. Fadel, MD, PhD, FACOG Director of Maternal Fetal Medicine, University Hospital Clinical Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical College of Georgia Augusta, Georgia) 2. Prof Omar Hasan Kasule Tripod 3. Himpunan Keputusan Muzakarah Jawatankuasa Fatwa Majlis Kebangsaan Bagi Hal Ehwal Ugama Islam Malaysia Mengenai Isu-isu Sains dan Perubatan

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