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  • trades
  • _Egypt

    1. 1. Egypt All subjects
    2. 2. writing <ul><li>The ancient Egyptians believed that it was important to record and communicate information about religion and government. Thus, they invented written scripts that could be used to record this information. </li></ul><ul><li>The most famous of all ancient Egyptian scripts is hieroglyphic. However, throughout three thousand years of ancient Egyptian civilisation, at least three other scripts were used for different purposes. Using these scripts, scribes were able to preserve the beliefs, history and ideas of ancient Egypt in temple and tomb walls and on papyrus scrolls. </li></ul>
    3. 3. Egyptian life <ul><li>Daily life in ancient Egypt revolved around the Nile and the fertile land along its banks. The yearly flooding of the Nile enriched the soil and brought good harvests and wealth to the land. </li></ul><ul><li>The people of ancient Egypt built mudbrick homes in villages and in the country. They grew some of their own food and traded in the villages for the food and goods they could not produce. </li></ul><ul><li>Most ancient Egyptians worked as field hands, farmers, craftsmen and scribes. A small group of people were nobles. Together, these different groups of people made up the population of ancient Egypt. </li></ul>
    4. 4. trades <ul><li>Craftsmen in ancient Egypt were usually trained and skilled labourers. They were often well-respected in the community and had a comfortable lifestyle. Yet every craftsman's lifestyle and social standing depended on the quality of his skills and experience. Thus, some craftsmen had more difficult lives than others. </li></ul><ul><li>Most craftsmen worked in workshops with other craftsmen. Objects for temples or the pharaoh were made in temple workshops or palace workshops. Objects for ordinary people were made by local craftsmen in small workshops </li></ul>
    5. 5. mummification <ul><li>The earliest ancient Egyptians buried their dead in small pits in the desert. The heat and dryness of the sand dehydrated the bodies quickly, creating lifelike and natural 'mummies'. </li></ul><ul><li>Later, the ancient Egyptians began burying their dead in coffins to protect them from wild animals in the desert. However, they realised that bodies placed in coffins decayed when they were not exposed to the hot, dry sand of the desert. </li></ul><ul><li>Over many centuries, the ancient Egyptians developed a method of preserving bodies so they would remain lifelike. The process included embalming the bodies and wrapping them in strips of linen. Today we call this process mummification. </li></ul>
    6. 6. time <ul><li>The civilization of ancient Egypt lasted for over three thousand years. During this time there were many changes in terms of what the ancient Egyptians believed in, and how they lived their lives. However, many aspects of the basic culture, religion, and artistic style of ancient Egypt remained the same. </li></ul>
    7. 7. Ancient Egypt <ul><li>Ancient Egypt was an ancient civilization in eastern North Africa , concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River in what is now the modern nation of Egypt . The civilization began around 3150 BC [1] with the political unification of Upper and Lower Egypt under the first pharaoh , and it developed over the next three millennia. [2] Its history occurred in a series of stable periods, known as kingdoms , separated by periods of relative instability known as Intermediate Periods. After the end of the last kingdom, known as the New Kingdom , the civilization of ancient Egypt entered a period of slow, steady decline, during which Egypt was conquered by a succession of foreign powers. The rule of the pharaohs officially ended in 31 BC when the early Roman Empire conquered Egypt and made </li></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><li>Unlike most of the people of the ancient Mediterranean, the Egyptians did not wear just one or two big pieces of cloth wrapped around themselves in various ways. Instead, both men and women in Egypt wore tunics which were sewn to fit them. These tunics were like a long T-shirt which reached to the knees (for men) or to the ankles (for women). They were usually made of linen and were nearly always white. Most Egyptians, both men and women, do not seem to have covered their heads with any kind of cloth. They often went barefoot, but sometimes they wore straw or leather sandals. </li></ul><ul><li>Men who were working outside usually wore short skirts instead of tunics, which may have been made as in West Asia by winding a piece of linen cloth around your waist and legs. Both men and women wore blue and green eye shadow and black kohl eyeliner, when they were dressed up fancy. People also wore kohl around their eyes because it helped to keep the glare of sunlight down (which is why football players do the same thing today). Men wore their hair short, and shaved their beards and mustaches, while women wore their hair down to their shoulders. Both men and women wore gold jewellery if they could afford to. </li></ul>
    9. 9. games <ul><li>The games people played in ancient Egypt were very similar to some games people still play today. They played games with pieces like checkers or mancala or senet. They played games with knucklebones, like jacks. They played games with dice, too. </li></ul>