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Ancient Hieroglyphics and the Rosetta Stone Hannah Feldman, Karl Fries, & Danielle Mercado
Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphics <ul><li>Hieroglyphics stems from the Greek word  hieroglyphica,  which means “sacred carvin...
Hieroglyphics <ul><li>Demotic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Popular script </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Could be read off tablets by...
Who Used Hieroglyphics? <ul><li>Priests </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used cursive hieroglyphics (Hieratic script) to record relig...
When Were Hieroglyphics In Use? <ul><li>Earliest known hieroglyphic writing was discovered to be from the 3000  B.C. </li>...
Breaking the Hieroglyphics <ul><li>Decryption was hindered by the assumption that phonetic characters were not used </li><...
Hieroglyphic Alphabet
Important People <ul><li>German Jesuit priest Athanasius Kircher </li></ul><ul><li>Napoleon </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Young...
The Rosetta Stone <ul><li>Found in 1799 in the town of Rosetta in the Nile Delta </li></ul><ul><li>Was inscribed with thre...
The Rosetta Stone, cont’d <ul><li>Ended up with the British due to the Treaty of Capitulation </li></ul><ul><li>Described ...
The Rosetta Stone, cont’d <ul><li>Carved in 196 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>Deciphered fully in 1822 by Champollion </li></ul><...
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Cryptology Presentation

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Cryptology Presentation

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Cryptology Presentation

  1. 1. Ancient Hieroglyphics and the Rosetta Stone Hannah Feldman, Karl Fries, & Danielle Mercado
  2. 2. Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphics <ul><li>Hieroglyphics stems from the Greek word hieroglyphica, which means “sacred carvings” </li></ul><ul><li>Over 2,000 characters </li></ul><ul><ul><li>alphabetic, logographic, and ideographic elements </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Originated due to the artistic traditions of the preliterate Egyptians </li></ul>
  3. 3. Hieroglyphics <ul><li>Demotic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Popular script </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Could be read off tablets by educated citizens </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hieratic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sacred script </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used on temple walls </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Who Used Hieroglyphics? <ul><li>Priests </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used cursive hieroglyphics (Hieratic script) to record religious literature </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Scribes of the government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More simple and basic; easier to understand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used Demotic script </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. When Were Hieroglyphics In Use? <ul><li>Earliest known hieroglyphic writing was discovered to be from the 3000 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>Used up until the 4 th Century A.D. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Christians banned its use </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ancient hieroglyphic script was replaced with Coptic </li></ul><ul><li>The ability to read both demotic and hieratic hieroglyphics vanished </li></ul>
  6. 6. Breaking the Hieroglyphics <ul><li>Decryption was hindered by the assumption that phonetic characters were not used </li></ul><ul><li>People believed that hieroglyphics were semagrams </li></ul>
  7. 7. Hieroglyphic Alphabet
  8. 8. Important People <ul><li>German Jesuit priest Athanasius Kircher </li></ul><ul><li>Napoleon </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Young </li></ul><ul><li>Jean-Francois Champollion </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Rosetta Stone <ul><li>Found in 1799 in the town of Rosetta in the Nile Delta </li></ul><ul><li>Was inscribed with three separate texts, saying the same thing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Greek </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demotic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hieratic </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. The Rosetta Stone, cont’d <ul><li>Ended up with the British due to the Treaty of Capitulation </li></ul><ul><li>Described as granodiorite </li></ul><ul><li>Measurements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>45 inches high </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>28 ½ inches wide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>11 inches thick </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. The Rosetta Stone, cont’d <ul><li>Carved in 196 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>Deciphered fully in 1822 by Champollion </li></ul><ul><li>Exhibited in the British Museum since 1802 </li></ul><ul><li>July 2003, Egyptians demanded the return of the Stone </li></ul>
  12. 12. Example

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