Language varieties, dialect, register and style

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Language varieties, dialect, register and style

  1. 1. ahlanfirdaus.wordpress.com
  2. 2. Language varieties • Variety is a specific set of ‘linguistic items’ or ‘human speech patterns’ (presumably sounds, words, grammatical features, etc.) which we can connect with some external factor apparently, a geographical area or a social group. (Hudson, 1996; Ferguson, 1972 and Wardhaugh, 2006) • Examples : Canadian English, London English, Standar english.
  3. 3. • Dialect: refers to a variety of a language that can signal the speaker’s regional or social background. • Dialect is a variety of language which differs grammatically, phonologically and lexically from other varieties, and which is associated with a particular social class or status group. • Examples : Australian dialect, Indian dialect. Dialects
  4. 4. Kinds of dialects 1. Regional Dialects • A regional dialect is a variety associated with a place • Examples : Dialect brebes, Dialect tegal
  5. 5. Register • A register is a variety of a language used for a particular purpose or in a particular social setting • Registers can simply be described as variations of the language according to its use, while the dialect as a language variation based on users registers on this concept is not limited to the choice of words (such as the notion registers in the traditional theory) but also includes the choice of the use of text structure, and texture. • Example : English journalist
  6. 6. Style • Style relates to the typical ways in which one or more people do a particular thing. • Examples : - Formal - Informal

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