Christine Ennew - Internationalisation


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Christine Ennew, pro vice-chancellor for internationalisation and Europe, University of Nottingham discusses internationalisation among world-class universities.

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Christine Ennew - Internationalisation

  1. 1. Christine EnnewPro Vice Chancellor (Internationalisation)University of Nottingham<br />Internationalisation: An Overview<br />THE Conference<br />
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  4. 4. Outline<br />Trends in and benefits from the international dimensions of teaching and learning<br />Trends in and benefits from the internationalisation of research<br />Change is slower than we sometimes think<br />Non financial benefits are far more significant than the financial<br />
  5. 5. Internationalising Higher Education<br />Globalisation isn’t new, internationalisation isn’t new<br />Scholars have always been mobile, knowledge is not constrained by borders<br />William of Tyre travelled from Jerusalem to study liberal arts and cannon law at Paris, Orleans and Bologna. <br />Jewish philosopher Maimonides, exiled from his native Spain, studied at University of Al-Karaouine in Morocco <br />IbnBattutah travelled from Morocoo, throughout Asia to China in pursuit of knowledge<br />
  6. 6. Internationalisation?<br />What is new is the scale and diversity of international activity in HE – why ?<br />Driven by<br />Falling costs of transportation and mobility<br />ICT developments facilitating information flows<br />Liberalisation of regulation/policy<br />Benefits to the individual<br />Benefits to the individual institution<br />Benefits to the HE system and to the host country<br />
  7. 7. The Internationalisation of Teaching and Learning<br />Student mobility<br />Programme mobility<br />Institutional Mobility<br />Internationalisation at home<br />
  8. 8. The Big Picture<br />
  9. 9. Current Market Structure<br />
  10. 10. Market Evolution<br />
  11. 11. Growth in International Student Numbers by Country - 1998=100<br />Source: Vincent Lancrin, 2009<br />
  12. 12. Source: UNESCO<br />
  13. 13. Source: UNESCO<br />
  14. 14. Distribution of International Students by Source Country<br />Source: OECD – Education at a Glance<br />
  15. 15. Russia: declining source; emerging host<br />UK: major source; emerging host<br />E. Europe: emerging hosts<br />France, Germany, Spain: hosts and sources<br />Canada: emerging host and source<br />Central Asia: emerging host<br />China & India: major hosts; emerging sources<br />UAE, Qatar, Bahrain, Oman: major hosts<br />USA: major source, emerging host<br />Honk Kong, Malaysia, Singapore: major hosts; emerging sources<br />Africa: emerging hosts<br />Caribbean: emerging host<br />Kenya & Mauritius: emerging hosts<br />C. America: hosts and sources<br />Australia (NZ): major source; emerging host<br />S. America: hosts and sources<br />South Africa: declining host, emerging source<br />Transnational Higher Education<br />Source: Line and Verbik, 2006<br />
  16. 16. Benefits<br />Academic<br />Recruiting the worlds brightest and best, enhancing the quality of the University’s own activities, contributing to the employability of graduates (internationalisation at home)<br />Contributing to national knowledge economy agendas<br />Economic<br />Impact on university income (although not always as big as is assumed). Diversified portfolio helps manage risk.<br />National benefits from multiplier effects of fee income and spending (3rd largest export industry for Australia, worth c£7bn in UK), <br />
  17. 17. What’s it all worth? Large UK Universities<br />
  18. 18. Institutional benefits<br />Social/Cultural<br />Diversity on campus – supports a more interesting student experience, raises awareness about different cultures and countries, promotes inter-cultural understanding. Knowledge transfer, support for and learning from other systems<br />Political<br />Demonstrate institutional links to national agendas, build strategic alliances that support the delivery of institutional goals (eg exchange networks for social student mobility)<br />Cultural diplomacy - relationships formed during education have longer term impact on inter-country links<br />
  19. 19. The Internationalisation of Research<br />Continued dominance of traditional sources of excellence<br />Rapid expansion of collaboration<br />
  20. 20. Research Performance<br />
  21. 21. National Origins of the THE Top 100<br />Source: many eyes, 16 September 2010<br />
  22. 22. Citations Per Researcher (Shares)<br />
  23. 23. Benefits<br />Academic<br />Compete for and retain talent (research students and staff) in a global market place (see, for example US PhD awards). Addressing globally significant research agendas. Building global reputation<br />Economic<br />Enhanced academic quality aids competition for research resources. Underpins invention and innovation with consequent implications for growth and development<br />
  24. 24. US PhDs – Life Sciences<br />Source: NSF<br />
  25. 25. US PhDs – Physical Sciences<br />Source: NSF<br />
  26. 26. US PhDs - Engineering<br />Source: NSF<br />
  27. 27. Benefits<br />Social/Cultural<br />Indirect benefits relating to inter-cultural understanding. A strong and vibrant research base is a sign of national maturity (nation building). <br />Political<br />Build strategic alliances that support the delivery of institutional and national goals in research and innovation (eg research partnerships to access resources, funds)<br />
  28. 28. Changing Dynamics of International HE<br />Dangers of over estimating short-term financial benefits<br />Widespread recognition of the benefits of international students for teaching and learning and campus communities<br />Growing strength of emerging economics (BRICS)<br />Increased challenges (in both research and teaching) to the nations that have traditionally dominated international HE<br />Growing regionalism and increased south-south activity<br />Pace of change – slower than we often think<br />Research continues to be dominated by the english speaking world (institutional evolution is a slow process)<br />Student mobility may not be changing as fast as we sometimes think (but student expectations probably are)<br />
  29. 29. True internationalisation in higher education brings together the best minds to solve the problems of today and educates the best minds to solve the problems of tomorrow and in so doing provides one of the best mechanisms for enhancing inter-cultural understanding and co-operation.<br />