Using the Imperfect & Preterite

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Using the Imperfect & Preterite

  1. 1. The Imperfect Tense: Other Uses P. 248 Realidades 2
  2. 2. Imperfect Tense: Other Uses <ul><li>You already know how to use the imperfect tense together with the preterite to describe a situation that existed when something else happened. </li></ul><ul><li>Nadie estaba en la casa cuando los bomberos entraron . </li></ul>
  3. 3. Preterite Tense: Other Uses <ul><li>The preterite tense may also be used: </li></ul><ul><li>When something occurred </li></ul><ul><li>El huracán llegó a la costa de Honduras. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Preterite Tense: Other Uses <ul><li>The preterite tense may also be used: </li></ul><ul><li>For actions completed in the past </li></ul><ul><li>El edificio se quemó ayer. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Preterite Tense: Other Uses <ul><li>The preterite tense may also be used: </li></ul><ul><li>To talk about an event </li></ul><ul><li>El concierto fue ayer. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Imperfect Tense: Other Uses <ul><li>The imperfect tense may also be used: </li></ul><ul><li>To tell what day or time it was </li></ul><ul><li>Eran las cinco de la mañana. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Imperfect Tense: Other Uses <ul><li>The imperfect tense may also be used: </li></ul><ul><li>To tell what day or time it was </li></ul><ul><li>Eran las cinco de la mañana y llovía mucho cuando el accidente occurió. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Imperfect Tense: Other Uses <ul><li>The imperfect tense may also be used: </li></ul><ul><li>To tell what the weather was like. </li></ul><ul><li>Llovía mucho cuando el accidente occurió. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Imperfect Tense: Other Uses <ul><li>To describe the physical, mental, and emotional states of a person or thing when something happened. </li></ul><ul><li>Muchas personas querían ayudar a la familia, pero no sabían que hacer. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Imperfect Tense: Other Uses <ul><li>Había and hubo are forms of haber and both mean “there was, there were.” </li></ul><ul><li>Había is used to describe a situation that existed in the past, while hubo is used to say that an event took place . </li></ul>
  11. 11. Imperfect Tense: Other Uses <ul><li>Había mucho humo en el apartamento. </li></ul><ul><li>Hubo un terremoto ayer a las seis de la mañana. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Imperfect Tense: Other Uses <ul><li>These verbs are often used in the imperfect to describe states of being: </li></ul>
  13. 13. Imperfect Tense: Other Uses <ul><li>Estar—to be (triste, contento, cansado) </li></ul><ul><li>Parecer—to seem (cansado, mal) </li></ul><ul><li>Pensar—to think </li></ul><ul><li>Querer—to want </li></ul><ul><li>Saber—to know </li></ul><ul><li>Sentirse—to feel (bien, enfermo) </li></ul><ul><li>Tener—to have (calor, frío, hambre, sed, sueño) </li></ul>

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