Maus Digital Presentation


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Maus Digital Presentation

  1. 1. Mausby Art SpiegelmanPresentation by Alex Aherin
  2. 2. ArtSpiegelman• Born in 1948 in Stockholm, Sweden• He is a cartoonist, editor, and comics advocate• Worked as a co-editor on the comicsmagazines Arcade and Raw and spent a decadeas contributing artist for The New Yorker startingin 1992• Lives in New York
  3. 3. Art Spiegelman(Continued)• Parents are Vladek and Anja (both were PolishJews)• Parents immigrated to the U.S. in 1951• His mother committed suicide in 1968 after thedeath of her only surviving brother• Older brother Richieu who died during the war• Began cartooning in 1960• Was earning money for his art by the time hereached high school• Parents encouraged him to seek a more secureprofession, but he chose to stick with art andphilosophy in college (Harpur College)
  4. 4. Art Spiegelman(Continued)• While in college, he earned money as afreelance artist for Topps Chewing GumCompany• Did not graduate, but earned an honorarydoctorate 30 years later from Harpur• While still in college he worked as a staffcartoonist for the college newspaper as well asediting a college humor magazine• He began selling self-published undergroundcomix on street corners and had cartoons inother underground publications
  5. 5. Art Spiegelman(Continued)• In 1968 his college career was cut short whenhe suffered a nervous breakdown (partly due toheavy LSD use) and spent a month in a mentalhospital• In 1971 he moved to San Francisco to be part ofthe underground comix scene that wasdeveloping there• In 1972 he was asked to do a three page strip,which ended up being the initial version of Maus• Also in 1972, he produced a strip called“Prisoner on the Hell Planet” which dealt with hismother’s suicide
  6. 6. Art Spiegelmanand Maus• Spiegelman’s graphic novel Maus details hisfather’s experience as a Holocaust survivor• Took thirteen years to complete• In the book, Nazis are depicted as cats, Jewsdepicted as mice, and Poles as pigs• The book has won numerous awards, includinga Pulitzer in 1992 (was the first graphic novel towin a Pulitzer)• Book is viewed as a crucial work in graphicnovels, bringing serious scholarly attention tothe genre
  7. 7. Controversies• Challenged for being anti-ethnic, with particularlystrong outcries for portraying Poles as pigs• Also challenged because people felt it was notsuitable for young readers• Some have said that portraying races asdifferent animals takes away from the fact thatthe Holocaust was a human vs. human situation• Some people, especially when the book cameout in the 1980’s, felt that making a comic bookabout the Holocaust was inappropriate
  8. 8. Major Literary Elements• Some major themes: guilt (father’s guilt as asurvivor, guilt of losing their first son,Spiegelman’s guilt about the success of thebook and portraying his father unflatteringly),past and present, survival, and race• Large amount of indirect characterizationthrough dialog and action• Some important conflicts: obviously theHolocaust creates a large amount of conflict,also conflict between Spiegelman and his father,and internal conflict of Spiegelman
  9. 9. Major Literary ElementsContinued• Settings: New York, Poland, and Germany• Major characters: Art Spiegelman, Vladek(father), Anja (mother)• Point of view: through Spiegelman in thepresent and through his father in the past
  10. 10. Other Related Books• The Book Thief by Markus Zusak• The Diary of a Young Girl by Anne Frank• I Will Plant You a Lilac Tree: A Memoir of aSchindler’s List Survivor by Laura Hillman
  11. 11. Essays and Scholarly Reviews• “Maus, Mourning, and Post-Memory” byMarianne Hirsch• Considering Maus: Approaches to ArtSpiegelman’s “Survivor’s Tale” of the Holocaustby Deborah Geis (collection of essays)
  12. 12. Critical Theories• Commodification and commercialization of theHolocaust for public consumption• Maus as fiction versus non fiction
  13. 13. • Research and writing activity – have thestudents look at how Nazi propaganda was used(particularly cartoon propaganda) and analyzethe techniques used in a short piece of writing• Writing and elements of literature activity – havethe students change a small section of thegraphic novel into pure writing (no pictures) andanalyze the effects it has on the story (was thischange positive or negative, and what thingswere added to compensate for the lack ofpictures)Possible Activities
  14. 14. • Is Spiegelman’s choice to represent the differentraces as animals a wise choice? Does it add toor take away from the story?• Should graphic novels be considered literature?Since this is a graphic novel, should it be studiedin school?Thought -Provoking Questions