Golden Age Notes – p. 74
Athens’ Golden Age
460 BCE-429 BCE
AKA: Age of Pericles
Overview of Athens!

Settled

2000BCE
Named after Athena, goddess of wisdom
Became democratic c. 510 BCE
Became the ce...
Acropolis
High

hill above city
Provided protection
Built religious temples to Athena
Rebuilt after the Persian Wars
Agora
Marketplace
Built

around the acropolis
Rebuilt after Persian War
Center of Athenian social life
Temples, gover...
Parthenon
White

marble temple built in honor of

Athena
Finest of the Greek architecture, balance
proportions, famous s...
Greek Columns
Doric

Ionic

Corinthian
Historians
Herodotus

◦ 1st Historian and of the Western world
◦ Traveled- wrote about people and their
countries
◦ Ident...
Art
Glorified

human beings
Pride in city-state
Combines beauty and usefulness
Paintings

◦ Most are lost or damaged
◦...
Sculptures
Myron

◦ Created the Discus Thrower
Phidias

◦ Statues of Athena
◦ Zeus at the temple of Olympia
◦ Acropolis ...
Theater
Drama=

plays containing actions or
dialogue, involving conflict or emotion
Tragedies= main character struggles
...
Theater- famous playwrights
Sophocles

◦ Defended traditional Greek values
◦ Perfect examples of tragedy
◦ Oedipus Rex- k...
Theater- famous playwrights
Aeschylus

◦ Writes over 80 plays!
◦ “Father of Greek Tragedy”
◦ Plays have a strong moral an...
Philosophers
Philosophy-

existence

study of basic human questions and

Socrates

◦ Education was the key to personal g...
Philosophy
Plato

(Student of Socrates)

◦ Wealthy aristocrat
◦ “The Republic” which descrives his idea of
the perfect so...
Philosophy
Aristotle

◦ Student of Plato, teacher to Alexander the
Great
◦ Studied a variety of subjects
 Collected fact...
Other Greek Superstars 
Pythagoras:

◦ Philosopher
◦ Explained everything with Math!

Euclid:

◦ “Father of Geometry”
◦...
Hippocrates

◦ “Father of Medical Science”
◦ Observation, experiment, experience
◦ Hippocratic Oath: code of ethic for do...
Golden Age Superstars!!
1.

Read your figure’s biography and answer the
“Stop Here” questions

A.
2.

3.
4.

Staple this o...
Homework – p. 77
Create a Greek Hall of Fame. Select the four

(4) figures who made the most important
contributions to G...
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4 athens’ golden age

  1. 1. Golden Age Notes – p. 74
  2. 2. Athens’ Golden Age 460 BCE-429 BCE AKA: Age of Pericles
  3. 3. Overview of Athens! Settled 2000BCE Named after Athena, goddess of wisdom Became democratic c. 510 BCE Became the center of Greek culture and economy
  4. 4. Acropolis High hill above city Provided protection Built religious temples to Athena Rebuilt after the Persian Wars
  5. 5. Agora Marketplace Built around the acropolis Rebuilt after Persian War Center of Athenian social life Temples, government buildings, marketplace, recreation, and socialization
  6. 6. Parthenon White marble temple built in honor of Athena Finest of the Greek architecture, balance proportions, famous statue of Athena inside Columns: 3 types (“orders”) ◦ Doric, Ionian, Corinthian
  7. 7. Greek Columns Doric Ionic Corinthian
  8. 8. Historians Herodotus ◦ 1st Historian and of the Western world ◦ Traveled- wrote about people and their countries ◦ Identified if he heard about it OR if he saw it first hand ◦ “Father of History” Thucydides ◦ “History of the Peloponnesian War” ◦ Worked to make history accurate and fair
  9. 9. Art Glorified human beings Pride in city-state Combines beauty and usefulness Paintings ◦ Most are lost or damaged ◦ Best on pottery (Red and Black figure painting) ◦ Show mythological or everyday events
  10. 10. Sculptures Myron ◦ Created the Discus Thrower Phidias ◦ Statues of Athena ◦ Zeus at the temple of Olympia ◦ Acropolis and the Parthenon
  11. 11. Theater Drama= plays containing actions or dialogue, involving conflict or emotion Tragedies= main character struggles against fate or events, main character suffers Comedies= makes fun of ideas and people
  12. 12. Theater- famous playwrights Sophocles ◦ Defended traditional Greek values ◦ Perfect examples of tragedy ◦ Oedipus Rex- kills dad, marries mom, stabs own eyes own Euripides ◦ Realist, questions old beliefs and ideas ◦ Trojan Women- shows pain of war ◦ Medea- tragedy of revenge, Medea seeks revenge on cheating husband
  13. 13. Theater- famous playwrights Aeschylus ◦ Writes over 80 plays! ◦ “Father of Greek Tragedy” ◦ Plays have a strong moral and religious emphasis Aristophanes ◦ Finest writer of the Greek Comedy ◦ Makes fun of ideas and people  Clouds: makes fun of Socrates
  14. 14. Philosophers Philosophy- existence study of basic human questions and Socrates ◦ Education was the key to personal growth ◦ Question Everything! Trained students to think for themselves ◦ Accused of “corrupting young minds” and is sentenced to death” ◦ Drinks Hemlock to die ◦ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2EwaFkPMdlY
  15. 15. Philosophy Plato (Student of Socrates) ◦ Wealthy aristocrat ◦ “The Republic” which descrives his idea of the perfect society and government- people should be ruled by a small group of intelligent people
  16. 16. Philosophy Aristotle ◦ Student of Plato, teacher to Alexander the Great ◦ Studied a variety of subjects  Collected facts, organized and categorized plants and animals ◦ Believed every type of government could be good  Value of the leader
  17. 17. Other Greek Superstars  Pythagoras: ◦ Philosopher ◦ Explained everything with Math! Euclid: ◦ “Father of Geometry” ◦ Write Elements: basis for many of today’s geometry textbooks
  18. 18. Hippocrates ◦ “Father of Medical Science” ◦ Observation, experiment, experience ◦ Hippocratic Oath: code of ethic for doctors Archimedes: ◦ Calculates Pi ◦ Used math a physics for practical uses
  19. 19. Golden Age Superstars!! 1. Read your figure’s biography and answer the “Stop Here” questions A. 2. 3. 4. Staple this on page 75 1. When finished staple chart on page 76 Create poster on the template provided! Make sure you include all the information needed Hang your poster on the corrected spot on the wall. Gallery Walk- Only one person may be at a station at a time.
  20. 20. Homework – p. 77 Create a Greek Hall of Fame. Select the four (4) figures who made the most important contributions to Greek culture. List your choices. For each of your selections, write 2 sentences explaining why that person deserves to be in the Hall of Fame.

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