Primary Roles in Elementary
English Education
Foreign Language Activities
2014 Training Seminar
by Adrian Heinel
ALT, Kake...
What is a role?
The purpose, function, or expected behavior of
someone or something in a given situation.
10 Roles
1. The role of age.
2. The role of games.
3. The role of resources.
4. The role of classroom English.
5. The role...
Is learning languages earlier better?
How do children learn Languages?
Try Make mistakes Practice
Use
Notice, become aware
Want to use
They learn what is relevant to them
They learn by actively using the language
“The Zone” and Scaffolding
Teacher
Student
Student
Learning
What is the difference between
young learners and VERY young
learners?
8-14
5-7
10 Roles
1. The role of age.
2. The role of games.
3. The role of resources.
4. The role of classroom English.
5. The role...
Why use games in FLA classes?
What kind of games should we use?
1. Age appropriate games
2. Games they are familiar with
3. Stirring and settling games
...
Stereo game, Gesture games (in teams), Blackboard sports games,
Evolution (gokiburi) game, Relay games, Shiritori, Karuta,...
• Stereo Game
• Simon Says
• Ultra Quiz
• Circle Conversations
• Nakama Atsumare
• Relay Games
• Quiz Game
• Crossfire
• A...
1. Circle conversations
2. Crossfire
3. 3 Balls
4. Stereo Game
5. Quiz Games
6. Keyword Games
7. Nakama Atsumare
8. Hajiki...
10 Roles
1. The role of age.
2. The role of games.
3. The role of resources.
4. The role of classroom English.
5. The role...
Why do we use resources and materials?
1. They are student centered
2. They can be shared
3. They can be used many ways
4....
What kind of resources and
materials should we use?
10 Roles
1. The role of age.
2. The role of games.
3. The role of resources.
4. The role of classroom English.
5. The role...
When and how should we teach
classroom English?
1. Make it meaningful and
purposeful, teach it when they
need it
2. Use bo...
10 Roles
1. The role of age.
2. The role of games.
3. The role of resources.
4. The role of classroom English.
5. The role...
How important is “good”
pronunciation?
How should we teach pronunciation?
Minimal Pairs: SHE SEA
Odd one out: SHE SHOE DOG
Listen for the sound:
SHE SOLD SEA SHE...
Should we teach phonics?
10 Roles
1. The role of age.
2. The role of games.
3. The role of resources.
4. The role of classroom English.
5. The role...
Why use songs and chants?
1. Aids vocabulary
2. Students learn chunks
3. Enjoyable
4. Memorable
5. Cultural
How do we use
chants/songs/rhymes?
10 Roles
1. The role of age.
2. The role of games.
3. The role of resources.
4. The role of classroom English.
5. The role...
Why use story telling?
How do we use stories?
1. Small part of class
2. Read same story many times
3. Let students join in
4. Use kamishibai/pupp...
10 Roles
1. The role of age.
2. The role of games.
3. The role of resources.
4. The role of classroom English.
5. The role...
How do we have effective TT?
10 Roles
1. The role of age.
2. The role of games.
3. The role of resources.
4. The role of classroom English.
5. The role...
How should we link content?
Make small steps
Integrate new words with old
Integrate new words with old
Again, how do we link and sequence?
1. From listening to speaking
2. From easier to harder
3. Recycle content
4. Build on ...
10 Roles
1. The role of age.
2. The role of games.
3. The role of resources.
4. The role of classroom English.
5. The role...
How should we evaluate our classes?
1. Were the learners focused?
2. Did they enjoy the lesson?
3. Did they learn the mate...
How should students be assessed?
1. Self evaluation
2. Speaking / listening tests
3. Projects / presentations
4. Teacher’s...
By the way, what are the objectives of
the Foreign Language Activities?
1. Increase students communication abilities
throu...
How can we make objectives clearer?
Finished
Thank you for you kind attention.
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2014 primary roles in elementary english education

  1. 1. Primary Roles in Elementary English Education Foreign Language Activities 2014 Training Seminar by Adrian Heinel ALT, Kakegawa Board of Education
  2. 2. What is a role? The purpose, function, or expected behavior of someone or something in a given situation.
  3. 3. 10 Roles 1. The role of age. 2. The role of games. 3. The role of resources. 4. The role of classroom English. 5. The role of pronunciation. 6. The role of music. 7. The role of story telling. 8. The role of team teaching. 9. The role of linking and sequencing. 10. The role of evaluation and assessment.
  4. 4. Is learning languages earlier better?
  5. 5. How do children learn Languages? Try Make mistakes Practice Use Notice, become aware Want to use
  6. 6. They learn what is relevant to them
  7. 7. They learn by actively using the language
  8. 8. “The Zone” and Scaffolding Teacher Student Student Learning
  9. 9. What is the difference between young learners and VERY young learners? 8-14 5-7
  10. 10. 10 Roles 1. The role of age. 2. The role of games. 3. The role of resources. 4. The role of classroom English. 5. The role of pronunciation. 6. The role of music. 7. The role of story telling. 8. The role of team teaching. 9. The role of linking and sequencing. 10. The role of evaluation and assessment.
  11. 11. Why use games in FLA classes?
  12. 12. What kind of games should we use? 1. Age appropriate games 2. Games they are familiar with 3. Stirring and settling games 4. Simple games
  13. 13. Stereo game, Gesture games (in teams), Blackboard sports games, Evolution (gokiburi) game, Relay games, Shiritori, Karuta, Doubt, Crossfire, Holiday event games, Bingo, Janken games, Simon says, Listen and do/move/put in order/identify/take away/odd one out/choose/sort, Guessing games, Find the difference, Pictionary, What’s missing, Three balls, Quiz games, Dynamite games, Stand and shout, Go fish, Interview games, Memory/Concentration, Old Maid (babanuki), Who am I games, Keyword games(Hajiki/tiddlywinks), Partner find games(or Nakama atsume), Card collecting games, Fruit basket, Slowly uncover, Crash janken, Board games, Sticky fingers, What’s in the bag, Ultra Quiz, Clothesline, Memorize the order, Onomatopoeia games, What time is it Mr. Wolf, Blackboard slap, Look run say and draw, Draw and say, Crafts, Make a monster, What’s on your back battle or cooperative, Newspaper sumo, Role playing, Secret order (make a line), Drawing chain, Hide and guess/find, More and more round the circle, Circle conversations, Toss say and take, Aisatsu relay or Aisatsu bakudan game What kind of games should we use? Which games do I use!?
  14. 14. • Stereo Game • Simon Says • Ultra Quiz • Circle Conversations • Nakama Atsumare • Relay Games • Quiz Game • Crossfire • Aisatsu relay • Gesture games • Crash Janken • Keyword game • What’s Missing • 3 balls • Karuta • Partner Find • Concentration • Bingo Games • Dynamite Game • Go Fish No Preparation Some Preparation
  15. 15. 1. Circle conversations 2. Crossfire 3. 3 Balls 4. Stereo Game 5. Quiz Games 6. Keyword Games 7. Nakama Atsumare 8. Hajiki Games 9. Simon Says 10. Karuta 11. What’s missing 12. Crash Janken • Listen and Notice 9 , 8 , 10 • Listen and Try Saying 6 , 4 , 11, 2, 10, 7, 3 • Practice Saying 4 , 12 , 7, 3 • Use 1 , 2 , 5 Notice – Try – Practice - Use
  16. 16. 10 Roles 1. The role of age. 2. The role of games. 3. The role of resources. 4. The role of classroom English. 5. The role of pronunciation. 6. The role of music. 7. The role of story telling. 8. The role of team teaching. 9. The role of linking and sequencing. 10. The role of evaluation and assessment.
  17. 17. Why do we use resources and materials? 1. They are student centered 2. They can be shared 3. They can be used many ways 4. They help with group/pair work
  18. 18. What kind of resources and materials should we use?
  19. 19. 10 Roles 1. The role of age. 2. The role of games. 3. The role of resources. 4. The role of classroom English. 5. The role of pronunciation. 6. The role of music. 7. The role of story telling. 8. The role of team teaching. 9. The role of linking and sequencing. 10. The role of evaluation and assessment.
  20. 20. When and how should we teach classroom English? 1. Make it meaningful and purposeful, teach it when they need it 2. Use body language or Japanese 3. Teach a little at a time
  21. 21. 10 Roles 1. The role of age. 2. The role of games. 3. The role of resources. 4. The role of classroom English. 5. The role of pronunciation. 6. The role of music. 7. The role of story telling. 8. The role of team teaching. 9. The role of linking and sequencing. 10. The role of evaluation and assessment.
  22. 22. How important is “good” pronunciation?
  23. 23. How should we teach pronunciation? Minimal Pairs: SHE SEA Odd one out: SHE SHOE DOG Listen for the sound: SHE SOLD SEA SHELLS DOWN BY THE SEA SHORE. Which word begins with “SH” SEA, SIT, SHE
  24. 24. Should we teach phonics?
  25. 25. 10 Roles 1. The role of age. 2. The role of games. 3. The role of resources. 4. The role of classroom English. 5. The role of pronunciation. 6. The role of music. 7. The role of story telling. 8. The role of team teaching. 9. The role of linking and sequencing. 10. The role of evaluation and assessment.
  26. 26. Why use songs and chants? 1. Aids vocabulary 2. Students learn chunks 3. Enjoyable 4. Memorable 5. Cultural
  27. 27. How do we use chants/songs/rhymes?
  28. 28. 10 Roles 1. The role of age. 2. The role of games. 3. The role of resources. 4. The role of classroom English. 5. The role of pronunciation. 6. The role of music. 7. The role of story telling. 8. The role of team teaching. 9. The role of linking and sequencing. 10. The role of evaluation and assessment.
  29. 29. Why use story telling?
  30. 30. How do we use stories? 1. Small part of class 2. Read same story many times 3. Let students join in 4. Use kamishibai/puppets/act 5. Ask students what happens next 6. Pre-teach some words
  31. 31. 10 Roles 1. The role of age. 2. The role of games. 3. The role of resources. 4. The role of classroom English. 5. The role of pronunciation. 6. The role of music. 7. The role of story telling. 8. The role of team teaching. 9. The role of linking and sequencing. 10. The role of evaluation and assessment.
  32. 32. How do we have effective TT?
  33. 33. 10 Roles 1. The role of age. 2. The role of games. 3. The role of resources. 4. The role of classroom English. 5. The role of pronunciation. 6. The role of music. 7. The role of story telling. 8. The role of team teaching. 9. The role of linking and sequencing. 10. The role of evaluation and assessment.
  34. 34. How should we link content?
  35. 35. Make small steps
  36. 36. Integrate new words with old
  37. 37. Integrate new words with old
  38. 38. Again, how do we link and sequence? 1. From listening to speaking 2. From easier to harder 3. Recycle content 4. Build on past knowledge about the world
  39. 39. 10 Roles 1. The role of age. 2. The role of games. 3. The role of resources. 4. The role of classroom English. 5. The role of pronunciation. 6. The role of music. 7. The role of story telling. 8. The role of team teaching. 9. The role of linking and sequencing. 10. The role of evaluation and assessment.
  40. 40. How should we evaluate our classes? 1. Were the learners focused? 2. Did they enjoy the lesson? 3. Did they learn the material? 4. Was English used to communicate? 5. Was there a clear goal?
  41. 41. How should students be assessed? 1. Self evaluation 2. Speaking / listening tests 3. Projects / presentations 4. Teacher’s subjective assessment 5. Peer subjective assessment 6. Combination of all of the above
  42. 42. By the way, what are the objectives of the Foreign Language Activities? 1. Increase students communication abilities through the use of foreign languages. 2. Develop understanding of languages and cultures through various experiences. 3. Foster a positive attitude toward communication 4. Familiarize students with sounds and expressions of foreign languages.
  43. 43. How can we make objectives clearer?
  44. 44. Finished Thank you for you kind attention.

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