Using Language10      Effectively
Language The system of words people use to communicate with others He didnt have to wake up Hed been up all night Layin’ ...
Language Two roads diverged in a yellow wood,  And sorry I could not travel both  And be one traveler, long I stood  And ...
Language BasicsLanguage is arbitrary—different meaningsdepending on the cultureLanguage is ambiguous—words havemultiple ...
Spoken Versus Written Language   Dynamic versus static   Immediate versus distant   Informal versus formal   Narrative...
Audience-Centered Language   Put your language in context   Personalize your language   Use inclusive language   Use v...
Guidelines for Using Language   Use spoken language   Choose meaningful words   Balance clarity and ambiguity   Be con...
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Chapter 10 Poetry 2012

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Chapter 10 Poetry 2012

  1. 1. Using Language10 Effectively
  2. 2. Language The system of words people use to communicate with others He didnt have to wake up Hed been up all night Layin’ there in bed listenin’ To his new born baby cry He makes a pot of coffee He splashes water on his face His wife gives him a kiss and says It gonna be OK
  3. 3. Language Two roads diverged in a yellow wood, And sorry I could not travel both And be one traveler, long I stood And looked down one as far as I could To where it bent in the undergrowth; When I was young me and my mama had beef Seventeen years old kicked out on the streets Though back at the time, I never thought Id see her face Aint a woman alive that could take my mamas place Suspended from school; and scared to go home, I was a fool with the big boys, breakin all the rules
  4. 4. Language BasicsLanguage is arbitrary—different meaningsdepending on the cultureLanguage is ambiguous—words havemultiple meaningsLanguage is abstract— intangibleLanguage is active—full of life
  5. 5. Spoken Versus Written Language Dynamic versus static Immediate versus distant Informal versus formal Narratives versus facts Rhythm versus image
  6. 6. Audience-Centered Language Put your language in context Personalize your language Use inclusive language Use visual language Spark imagination with your language
  7. 7. Guidelines for Using Language Use spoken language Choose meaningful words Balance clarity and ambiguity Be concise Avoid offensive and aggressive language

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