Competencies in
Education
By: Águeda Castillo
What is CBE?
• Competency Based Education is a functional
approach to education that emphasizes life skills
and evaluates ...
What are competencies?
• Consist of a description of the
essential skills, knowledge, attitudes,
and behaviors required fo...
COMPETENCY BASED
EDUCATION
4. Competency Based Education
Programs
1. Specific, measurable competency statements
2. Content based on learner goals
(ou...
Competency Based Education
Programs
6. Use texts, media, and real life materials.
7. Provide learners with immediate feedb...
The problem of competence as a
theoretical entity
1. The problem of competence standards
• When competences are chosen as ...
The problem of assessment
Assessment of competences must include the issue
of transfer; but such assessment would require ...
The problem of values
Competence has been associated with successful
performance, effective use of resources, and
making t...
Problem of stability
• Human performance is subject of decay.
Performance in new situations may even become
'less competen...
The problem of conscious thought
• Descartian problem of mind-body
dualism and the associated question
of whether human be...
The problem of complexity
Complexity cannot be an absolute
criterion for the distinction
between skills and competences.
D...
• Skill is a part of competency. Competency
consists of three parameters- Knowledge (K),
Attitude (A) and Skills(S).
For e...
The problem af sub-competences
• Another problem arises from the idea of
complexity .
• Competences may be decomposed into...
Competecy profile features
• COMPETENCE 1: COMMUNICATION .
• COMPETENCE 2: MATHEMATICAL AND LOGICAL
THINKING.
• COMPETENCE...
Workshop
Answer the following questions in group of
three.
• What is a competence?
• What is the difference between compet...
Competences in Education
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Competences in Education

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Working with competences in our Panamanian Education. A challenge that every body in the field must face.

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Competences in Education

  1. 1. Competencies in Education By: Águeda Castillo
  2. 2. What is CBE? • Competency Based Education is a functional approach to education that emphasizes life skills and evaluates mastery of those skills according to actual leaner performance. • It was defined by the U.S. Office of Education as a “performance-based process leading to demonstrated mastery of basic and life skills necessary for the individual to function proficiently in society” (U.S. Office of Education, 1978). .. Savage
  3. 3. What are competencies? • Consist of a description of the essential skills, knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors required for effective performance of a real-world task or activity. Mrowicki
  4. 4. COMPETENCY BASED EDUCATION
  5. 5. 4. Competency Based Education Programs 1. Specific, measurable competency statements 2. Content based on learner goals (outcomes/competencies) 3. Learner continues in program until demonstrating mastery 4. Use a variety of instructional techniques and group activities 5. Focus on what the learner needs to learn, which is the application of basic skills in a life skills context.
  6. 6. Competency Based Education Programs 6. Use texts, media, and real life materials. 7. Provide learners with immediate feedback on assessment performance 8. Pace instruction to learner needs 9. Have learner demonstrate mastery of specified competency statements.
  7. 7. The problem of competence as a theoretical entity 1. The problem of competence standards • When competences are chosen as the ultimate objectives of education (as in, e.g. competence- based education), they should be described in terms of well-expressed behaviours in well- expressed situations.
  8. 8. The problem of assessment Assessment of competences must include the issue of transfer; but such assessment would require a number of environments, each of sufficient complexity. This would not only be laborious to set up, and costly, but it would also require detailed insight into the structure and functioning of the competence concept.
  9. 9. The problem of values Competence has been associated with successful performance, effective use of resources, and making the right choices.
  10. 10. Problem of stability • Human performance is subject of decay. Performance in new situations may even become 'less competent„ • The assessment of competences requires the perspective of time and, in this regard, we need to note again the lack of valid assessment standards appropriate to complex situations.
  11. 11. The problem of conscious thought • Descartian problem of mind-body dualism and the associated question of whether human behaviour is 'reflective', i.e. the result of a free will and understanding, or 'reflexive', i.e. a collection of automated responses.
  12. 12. The problem of complexity Complexity cannot be an absolute criterion for the distinction between skills and competences. Difference between skills and competences.
  13. 13. • Skill is a part of competency. Competency consists of three parameters- Knowledge (K), Attitude (A) and Skills(S). For example- I might be having very good interpersonal skills or people skills, but I will not be competent to join a company as HR Professional unless I possess adequate education/ experience (Knowledge) and the right temperament/ behaviour (attitude). ▫ e.g. Writing is a skill.... being ambidextrous is a competency
  14. 14. The problem af sub-competences • Another problem arises from the idea of complexity . • Competences may be decomposed into contributing sub-competences. ▫ For instance, flying an airplane competently includes the sub-competences of taking-off, landing, dealing with emergencies, and so on.
  15. 15. Competecy profile features • COMPETENCE 1: COMMUNICATION . • COMPETENCE 2: MATHEMATICAL AND LOGICAL THINKING. • COMPETENCE 3: KNOWLEDGE AND INTERACTION WITH THE PHYSICAL WORLD. • COMPETENCE 4: HANDLING INFORMATION AND DIGITAL COMPETENCE • COMPETENCE 5: SOCIAL AND CIVIC • COMPETENCE 6: CULTURAL AND ARTISTIC. • COMPETENCE 7: LEARNING TO LEARN • COMPETENCY 8: FOR AUTONOMY AND PERSONAL INITIATIVE
  16. 16. Workshop Answer the following questions in group of three. • What is a competence? • What is the difference between competences and skills? • Is the education system in Panama implementing Competency Based Education? If yes, how? • What are the benefits of Competency Based Education for learners of English as a second language? • What are some problems of competence as a theoretical entity?

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