Towards z sustainable transport system in Amman

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My presentation at the Mediterranean Cities Economic Forum on Amman Transportation

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Towards z sustainable transport system in Amman

  1. 1. Towards a SustainableTransport System in AmmanAyman SmadiMeda City ForumBarcelona, SpainNov 21, 2012
  2. 2. Baseline Conditions• High population growth rate – About 3 million people – Grow to 5 million in 2025• Major commuter traffic• Relatively low HH incomes – Median is $7,600/year – 15% Female participation in workforce• G t dependence on cars Great d d − 10% per year increase in vehicle registration − Limited public transport − No mass transit system
  3. 3. Baseline Conditions Number of Cars in Amman• 5 million daily person-trips 2,000,000 2 000 000 – 34% by car – Only 5% by buses 800,000 100 2010 2020 Public Transport Mode Share 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0
  4. 4. Low Public Transport Use!
  5. 5. Paradigm Shift – Action Plan• Integrate urban public Impacts • $1 5 Billion annual $1.5 transport in A t t i Amman with ith cost of traffic municipal functions congestion• A Assess problems and needs, bl d d • $ Billi cost of $1.4 Billion f fuel for transport in and develop strategies Amman• I Improve PT quality of service li f i • $1 Billion government• Develop mass transit system subsidy to fuel (metro/LRT, and BRT) ( / d ) prices • Transport accounts• Implement supporting for about 40% of activities i ii imported oil
  6. 6. Enhance Existing Services• More and better buses – Easy-entry – AC• Unified brand• Smartcard• Subsidize bus service• Improve terminals• Install bus shelters
  7. 7. Rapid Transit Choices* CostTechnology Capacity Complexity (Million JD/km) Bus 1,500-3,000 BRT 35 3.5 6,000-??? Tram 40-20 3,000-8.000 LRT 80-50 5 8,000-16.000 Metro 200-80 16.000-40,000 * Customized to Amman
  8. 8. Public Transport Backbone
  9. 9. Supporting Initiatives• On-street parking management• Taxi Call Center• Energy saving street lighting E i t t li hti• Alternative fuels – Feasibility and distribution system requirements (CNG)• Air quality plan• Communication and marketing
  10. 10. Challenges/opportunities• Institutional framework for urban mobility – Organization g – Adequate resources and processes – How to influence national policy?• Technical – Insert new system in a built city – Amman’s topography – Link with land use i k i hl d
  11. 11. Challenges/opportunities• Economic – Financing – Affordability – PPP risks?• Political/social – Continuityy – Competing priorities – Citizen participation
  12. 12. Case Study: Amman BRT• Three routes (32km)• Dedicated bus lanes i• New terminals (park-n-ride) (p )• Stations with off-board p y payment• Pedestrian facilities• Traveler information system• Electronic payment system
  13. 13. Case Study: Amman BRT• Project timeline – Began development in 2009 – Financing through AFD in 2010 – Construction began 2010 – Work halted right after construction of first section • Mainly outcry from car drivers –G t i i Government commission 2011 – Independent technical review • T ffi i Traffic impacts and cost t d t • Results due this month
  14. 14. Case Study: Amman BRT• Lessons learned – Seize opportunity • Lifting fuel subsidy requires good public transport – Marketing and communication • People must want it – Implement QUICKLY • 3 mayors in 1 year • 4 PM’s in one year – Partnerships provide valuable p p support
  15. 15. Thank You!

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