ASTI Activities in Central America

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ASTI Activities in Central America

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ASTI Activities in Central America

  1. 1. Previous ASTI Activities in Central America• 1997/1998 survey round in 4 countries• 2007/2008 survey round in all 7 countries- Close collaboration with IICA and national partners- Data up to 2006• Outputs:- ASTI-IICA Regional Report (2008)- ASTI-IICA Summary Brief (2008)- Country profiles, datasets on ASTIwebsite
  2. 2. Previous ASTI Activities in Caribbean• 1997/1999 survey round in 28 Caribbean countries- Close collaboration with CARDI and national partners- Data up to 1996- ISNAR Research Report (2001)• 2007/2008 survey round in Domini-can Republic- Close collaboration with IDIAF- Datasets, country profile on ASTI website
  3. 3. Key Findings from2007/08 ASTI-IICA survey inCentral America
  4. 4. Agricultural R&D Capacity, 2006 903 FTE researchers Spread over 63 publicagencies Institutional diversityacross countriesCountry FTEsBelize 17Costa Rica 283El Salvador 77Guatemala 102Honduras 124Nicaragua 133Panama 1670 20 40 60 80 100BelizeCosta RicaEl SalvadorGuatemalaHondurasNicaraguaPanamapercentagegovernment NGOs highereducation
  5. 5. Degree Qualifications of Researchers, 2006 Central Americanagricultural researchersamong the least highlyqualified around the globe Many countries lackcritical mass of PhD-qualified scientists0 20 40 60 80 100Higher education (23)NGOs (20)Government (11)El Salvador (4)Guatemala (6)Panama (5)Honduras (11)Costa Rica (13)Nicaragua (8)Belize (7)BSc/Licenciado MSc PhD
  6. 6. Total Agricultural R&D Spending, 1996 and 20060 10 20 30 40BelizeCosta RicaEl SalvadorGuatemalaHondurasNicaraguaPanamain million 2005 PPP dollars20061996 In 2006, regional publicagricultural R&D spendingtotaled $105 million (in 2005PPP prices). Costa Rica ($35 million) andNicaragua ($31 million) eachaccounted for roughly one-third of this total Total spending nearly halvedin Guatemala and El Salvadorduring 1996-2006 Marked increase in CostaRica and Belize
  7. 7. Agricultural R&D Intensity Ratios, 20060.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5High-income countriesMiddle-income countriesLow-income countriesLACCentral America (7)PanamaNicaraguaHondurasGuatemalaEl SalvadorCosta RicaBelizepercentage--------2008------------------------2006----------------Agricultural R&D spending as a % of AgGDP
  8. 8. 0 20 40 60 80 100Honduras (4)Belize (6)Nicaragua(2)Costa Rica (9)Guatemala(3)El Salvador (2)Panama (3)percentageGovernment DonorsProducers/MarketingBoards Public/Private enterprisesOwn income Other 37 percent of R&D wasfinanced by governments, 27percent by donors, and 25percent through internallygenerated resources El Salvador and Panama relyalmost exclusively ongovernment support. Public agricultural R&D inNicaragua is extremely donor-dependent. Research in Costa Rica andHonduras shows a relativelyhigher reliance on internallygenerated resources, whichcan be explained by therelatively large NGO/producerorganization sector in thesecountries.Agricultural R&D Funding Sources, 2006

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