The Lorax: Yes, I am the Lorax who speaks for the trees, which you seem to be chopping as fast as you please. But Im also in charge of the brown Bar-ba-loots, who played in the shade in their Bar-ba-loot suits and happily lived eating truffula fruits. Now, thanks to your hacking my trees to the ground, theres not enough truffula fruit to go round!The Lorax: I am the Lorax. I speak for the trees.I speak for the trees, for the trees have no tongues.And Im asking you sir, at the top of my lungs- that thing! That horrible thing that I see!- Whats that thing youve made out of my truffula tree?The Once-ler: Look, Lorax, calm down. Theres no cause for alarm.- I chopped just one tree, Im doing no harm.- This thing is most useful! This thing is a "thneed."- A theed, a fine something-that-all-people-need!…..The Lorax: Sir, youre crazy. Youre crazy with greed.Theres no one on earth who will buy that fool thneed![a man drives by, buys the thneed and pays the Once-ler]The Once-ler: The birth of an industry, you poor, stupid guy!You telling me what the public will buy?
Tree Diversity Day 2012 • CBD COP11 Hyderabad Wellcome, there are s.ll empty seats at the front…
Many symbolic representations Very few of the visualizations of biodiversitydirectly associate people and trees trees… at this meeting do not include UNDP
Why Tree Diversity Day • YnoT said TonY looking in the mirror? • Grass diversity day, microbe diversity day, worm diversity day, vulture diversity day, livestock diversity day, lizard diversity day? Trees are• Shaping vegeta.on and forming habitat for lots of plants and animals (keystone) • Long-‐lived, adap.ng slowly (vulnerable) • Source of Provisioning, Regula;ng, Spiritual and Suppor;ng func.ons (anthropocentric ES)
Forest and tree cover transi7ons: a unifying concept 1 Choice across CRP6 of Y-‐axis 6Core 2 3 4 5Temporal Spa7al Ins7tu7onal X-‐linkage of paBern, X-‐ paBern, challenge at ac7ons in axis X-‐axis turning point landscape
A. Trees for Products fruit ﬁrewood medicine income sawnwood fodderB. Trees for Services soil carbon control soil watershed shade biodiversity fer7lity sequestra7on erosion protec7on Figure E.1
Beyond varia.on in tree cover, we also need varia.on in ‘paHern’: çre-‐ and aﬀoresta;on Fields,fallow, forest mosaic Farm fo-‐ Planta.ons restry, Fields, agrofo-‐ Forests rests & Parks deforesta;onè Sharing Sparing Integrate Segregate
Tree-based resi-lience of people andtheir livelihoodsDec 2004 Tsunami,Aceh Indonesiahttp://www.worldagroforestry.org/sea/Publications/files/book/BK0149-11.PDF
Plant Taxonomy of Trees (250 families) Flowering plants Tree is a lifeBroadleaf or hardwood trees form of plants, – About 210 Eudicots families include trees not a taxono- – 17 Magnoliids families include trees mic entity;About 10 Monocotyledon families include trees (such as palms, bamboos) many familiesNon-‐ﬂowering plants contain trees +SoGwood trees: non-trees.• All 7 families of Conifers include trees a tree Being• Ginkgoaceae (Ginkgo family): has1benefits only species... • 2 families of Cycadophyta and costs…
With an estimated…over 8,000 tree species, 10% of the 100,000 species, theworlds total, are threatened with number of trees worldwide might totalextinction. Even more worryingly 1,002 twenty-five percent ofspecies are listed as critically all livingendangered – likely to go extinct unless plant species.urgent action is taken now to save them. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/http://www.globaltrees.org/about.htm Tree
(Inaugural…) Tree Diversity Day Keynote speech Tree diversity & CBD syn- ergies: forest, agric, …// Aichi targets Joint fact finding sessions…Diversifying & Human Tree Tree diver- restoring benefits from diversity sity (genes- landscape tree diversity and to-landsca- mosaics for food, climate pes) & through tree health & change sustainable diversity nutrition mitigadapt use Tree Diversity Day: key messages and outcomes
CBD evolu.on from • Islands & coasts Trees matter• Biodiversity & climate change Trees matter• Forests Trees matter• Agriculture Trees matter • Plant conserva.on Trees matter • Global taxonomy ini.a.ve Trees matter• Biofuels Trees matter• Agriculture, f orests & health Trees matter towards integra.ve approaches
Strategic Goal A:Address the underlyingcauses of biodiversityloss by mainstreaming… Aichi targets (targets 1…4) Strategic Goal B: Reduce the direct pres- sures on biodiversity and promote sustainable use (targets 5…10) Strategic Goal C: Improve the status of biodiver- sity by safeguarding ecosys- (targets 11…13) tems, species and genetic div Strategic Goal D: Enhance the benefits to all from biodiversity and (targets 14…16) ecosystem services Strategic Goal E: Enhance implementation through participatory planning, knowledge (targets 17…20) management and capacity buildi..
Strategic Goal A:Address the underlyingcauses of biodiversity tree diversityloss by mainstreaming… Aichi targets (targets 1…4) Strategic Goal B: Reduce the direct pres- sures on biodiversity an& tree diversity promote sustainable use (targets 5…10) Strategic Goal C: tree diver- Improve the status of biodiver- sity by safeguarding ecosys- (targets 11…13) tems, species and genetic div Strategic Goal D: Enhance the benefits to all from biodiversity an & tree diversity (targets 14…16) ecosystem services Strategic Goal E: tree diversity Enhance implementation through planting participatory planning, knowledge (targets 17…20) management and capacity buildi..
Trees have historically been the primary source of sustainable bioenergy captureDiversifying & restoring landscape mosaics through tree diversity Trees shelter food crops from harsh climates and can buffer soil water supply through hydraulic equilibration from stored groundwater supplies Jatropha – local medicine Ziziphus fruits – local source of vitamins
Diversity in tree species, sizes, shapes, phenology Humanbenefits fromtree diversity for food, health & nutrition
Trees, forests and agroforestry ~ mitigation of & adaptation to climate change Tree diversity and climate change mitigadapt
Tree diver-sity (genes-to-landsca- pes) &sustainable use Teff, Ethiopia’s preferred staple food
(Inaugural…) Tree Diversity Day Tree Diversity Keynote speech Tree diversity & CBD syn- ergies: forest, agric, …// Aichi targets Joint fact finding sessions…Diversifying & Human Tree Tree diver- restoring benefits from diversity sity (genes- landscape tree diversity and to-landsca- mosaics for food, climate pes) & through tree health & change sustainable diversity nutrition mitigadapt use Tree Diversity Day: key messages and outcomes
Aichi goals and targets Speciﬁc conclusions and re-‐commenda.ons from Strategic Goal A: Address the underlying causes ofbiodiversity loss by mainstreaming biodiversity Tree Diversity Day across government and society Target 1. By 2020, at the latest, people are aware of thevalues of biodiversity and the steps they can take toconserve and use it sustainably. Target 2. By 2020, at the latest, biodiversity values havebeen integrated into national and local development andpoverty reduction strategies and planning processes andare being incorporated into national accounting, asappropriate, and reporting systems. Target 3. By 2020, at the latest, incentives, includingsubsidies, harmful to biodiversity are eliminated, phasedout or reformed in order to mini-mize or avoid negativeimpacts, and positive incentives for the conservation andsustainable use of biodiversity are developed and applied,consistent and in harmony with the Convention and otherrelevant international obligations, taking into accountnational socio economic conditions. Target 4. By 2020, at the latest, Governments, businessand stakeholders at all levels have taken steps to achieveor have implemented plans for sustainable production andconsumption and have kept the impacts of use of naturalresources well within safe ecological limits.
Strategic Goal B: Reduce the direct pressures on Speciﬁc conclusions from Tree biodiversity and promote sustainable use Diversity Day Target 5. By 2020, the rate of loss of all natural habitats,including forests, is at least halved and where feasible broughtclose to zero, and degradation and fragmentation is significantlyreduced. Target 6. By 2020 all fish and invertebrate stocks and aquaticplants are managed and harvested sustainably, legally andapplying ecosystem based approaches, so that overfishing isavoided, recovery plans and measures are in place for alldepleted species, fisheries have no significant adverse impactson threatened species and vulnerable ecosystems and theimpacts of fisheries on stocks, species and ecosystems arewithin safe ecological limits. Target 7. By 2020 areas under agriculture, aquaculture andforestry are managed sustainably, ensuring conservation ofbiodiversity. Target 8. By 2020, pollution, including from excess nutrients, hasbeen brought to levels that are not detrimental to ecosystemfunction and biodiversity. Target 9. By 2020, invasive alien species and pathways areidentified and prioritized, priority species are controlled oreradicated, and measures are in place to manage pathways toprevent their introduction and establishment. Target 10. By 2015, the multiple anthropogenic pressures oncoral reefs, and other vulnerable ecosystems impacted byclimate change or ocean acidification are minimized, so as tomaintain their integrity and functioning.
Strategic Goal C: To improve the status of Speciﬁc conclusions from Tree biodiversity by safeguarding ecosystems, Diversity Day species and genetic diversity Target 11. By 2020, at least 17 per cent of terrestrial and inlandwater, and 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, especiallyareas of particular importance for biodiversity and ecosystemservices, are conserved through effectively and equitablymanaged, ecologically representative and well connectedsystems of protected areas and other effective area-basedconservation measures, and integrated into the widerlandscapes and seascapes. Target 12. By 2020 the extinction of known threatened specieshas been prevented and their conservation status, particularly ofthose most in decline, has been improved and sustained. Target 12. By 2020 the extinction of known threatened specieshas been prevented and their conservation status, particularly ofthose most in decline, has been improved and sustained. Target 13. By 2020, the genetic diversity of cultivated plants andfarmed and domesticated animals and of wild relatives, includingother socio-economically as well as culturally valuable species,is maintained, and strategies have been developed andimplemented for minimizing genetic erosion and safeguardingtheir genetic diversity.
Strategic Goal D: Enhance the benefits to all Speciﬁc conclusions from Tree from biodiversity and ecosystem services Diversity Day Target 14. By 2020, ecosystems that provide essential services,including services related to water, and contribute to health,livelihoods and well-being, are restored and safeguarded, takinginto account the needs of women, indigenous and localcommunities, and the poor and vulnerable. Target 15. By 2020, ecosystem resilience and the contribution ofbiodiversity to carbon stocks has been enhanced, throughconservation and restoration, including restoration of at least 15per cent of degraded ecosystems, thereby contributing to climatechange mitigation and adaptation and to combatingdesertification. Target 16. By 2015, the Nagoya Protocol on Access to GeneticResources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of BenefitsArising from their Utilization is in force and operational,consistent with national legislation.
Strategic Goal E: Enhance implementation throughparticipatory planning, knowledge management and Speciﬁc conclusions from Tree capacity building Diversity Day Target 17. By 2015 each Party has developed, adopted as apolicy instrument, and has commenced implementing aneffective, participatory and updated national biodiversity strategyand action plan. Target 18. By 2020, the traditional knowledge, innovations andpractices of indigenous and local communities relevant for theconservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, and theircustomary use of biological resources, are respected, subject tonational legislation and relevant international obligations, andfully integrated and reflected in the implementation of theConvention with the full and effective participation of indigenousand local communities, at all relevant levels. Target 19. By 2020, knowledge, the science base andtechnologies relating to biodiversity, its values, functioning,status and trends, and the consequences of its loss, areimproved, widely shared and transferred, and applied. Target 20. By 2020, at the latest, the mobilization of financialresources for effectively implementing the Strategic Plan forBiodiversity 2011-2020 from all sources, and in accordance withthe consolidated and agreed process in the Strategy forResource Mobilization, should increase substantially from thecurrent levels. This target will be subject to changes contingentto resource needs assessments to be developed and reportedby Parties.