Tree diversityday2012 bhojvaid.ppt

1,069 views

Published on

Presentation on Tree Diversity Day, 11 October 2012, at the 11th CBD Conference of Parties in Hyderabad, India

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,069
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
169
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
51
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Tree diversityday2012 bhojvaid.ppt

  1. 1. Tree diversity in Farmers’ fields in Indian Subcontinent: Role inBiodiversity Conservation and CO2 Sequestration COP-11-Hyderabad Benefits of diversifying and restoring landscape mosaics in the tropics by harnessing tree diversity. PP Bhojvaid, Director FRI, Dehradoon. India.
  2. 2. Prosopis in dry lands
  3. 3. Grewia optivaa in upland agriculture
  4. 4. Quercus leucotrichophora
  5. 5. Mangifera in north IndiaCocos nucifera incoastal areas
  6. 6. Azadirach indica in Celtis australis in hillscentral India
  7. 7. Grasses for fodderFibre for thatch and other uses
  8. 8. Mountain womencollecting fodder and leaflitter
  9. 9. Farmers had trees on farms for•  fodder•  fuel•  fruits•  fertilizer•  small and large timber•  Sale of goods for income generation•  In bad crop years, emergency, special needs
  10. 10. Trees on farms•  Multipurpose•  Nitrogen fixing•  Good coppice•  Largely Evergreen•  Economical•  Compatible with crops•  Resistant to insect pest
  11. 11. Trees on Farm•  Largely indigenous•  Local niche suitability•  Indigenous and improvised management•  Sustained for generations•  Lesser Known Tree Species•  But still survived the reductionist approach of contemporary FM
  12. 12. Tecomella
  13. 13. Salvadora
  14. 14. Forest Productivity GlobalAverage India 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 cu.m/ha/annum
  15. 15. Demand and supply for industrial wood (Khanduri andMandal 2005)
  16. 16. Agroforests for Economic and Environmental Benefits•  Intensive management•  Genetic improvement•  Fertile soils•  Better protection•  Inputs by default•  Market forces•  A and R under LULUCF•  REDD+
  17. 17. Block Plantations Eucalyptus
  18. 18. Seedlings :Genetic variabilityLow Yields
  19. 19. CLONING OF EUCALYPTUS OPERATIONLISED CAPACITY BEING ENHANCED
  20. 20. • 600 plywood units• Purchase 1 million US$ day-1• Value added 3 million US$ day-1• 60000 man days day-1• 2.5 million $US as tax month-1
  21. 21. Other Environmental Benefits•  CO2 sequestration•  Increase in tree cover (8%)•  Alleviation of pressure from Natural Forests•  Biodiversity conservation•  Ex situ production
  22. 22. The MAI realized under Agroforestry for species such as Poplar and Eucalyptus•  Poplar 10 -25 m3 ha-1 year-1 (Haryana and UP)•  Eucalyptus 8-14 m3 ha-1 year-1 (Haryana)•  ITC Clonal Eucalyptus 35 m3 ha-1 year-1 (AP)•  ITC Clonal Eucalyptus 22 m3 ha-1 year-1 (Haryana, under trial)
  23. 23. Biodiversity conservation•  Medicinal plants•  Global trade > 100 billion $US•  Unsustainable harvest•  Over exploitation•  Extinction?•  ex situ cultivation•  Land???
  24. 24. Eucalyptus with Centella asiatica
  25. 25. Acacias

×