Susan Karimi: Issues for Sedetary and moving pastoral communities #BeatingFamine
Issues with pastoralist and agro-pastoralists in relation to natural resource management Presented at the Beating Famine Conference World Agro-forestry Centre Nairobi, Kenya 10-13 April 2012 Present Desired Future Presented by: Susan Karimi Programme Manager- Pastoralists Livelihoods World Vision -East Africa Regional Office
Major Characteristics of the pastoralists system• In East Africa, mainly found in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Somalia and Ethiopia.• Population of 20 million pastoralists and agro- pastoralists.• Inhabit ASAL areas• Mobility for pasture and water• They are an important link across the major farming systems in East Africa, due to the continually rising demand for livestock products.
Issues in Pastoral System on Natural Resource Management• Land Degradation through: Desertification Over-grazing Carrying Capacity; Water and wind soil erosion
The state of most pastoral lands in East Africa............
Issues in Pastoral System on Natural Resource Management cont’• Drought; Diminishes rangeland productivity, Adversely affects feed quality and species diversity. Causes changes in the composition and size of the herd. If it continues to the extent of rangeland desiccation, pastoralists abandon the area.
Issues in Pastoral System on Natural Resource Management cont’• Sedentarization of pastoral communities: Intensive grazing around settlements Grazing around water points Sedentarization without proper alternatives
Issues in Pastoral System on Natural Resource Management• Land encroachment: Competition for the better quality rangelands Imbalanced grazing management• Land fragmentation:• Lack of innovation:
Steps taken• Training in natural resource management• Reseeding• Fodder harvesting
Critical lessons .............• Give communities control over natural resources including forests• Establishment of resource management groups for efficient land management• Modern scientific approaches• Better managed pastoralism• Encourage eco-tourism• Research and extension support for pastoral systems