SOUTHERN AFRICA Working Group Zimbabwe, Zambia, Malawi, South Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland, Mozambi queBrian Oldreive Patricio Agustin
Interventions by Country• Mozambique World Vision-Mozambique1. On-going interventionsOff/On informal collaboration with ICRAF on agroforestry since 1998: AF species,Conservation Agriculture (CA): initiated in 2009WV Staff trainers training on CA principles (FfF/FGW-Harare): ADPs Food security community assistants MYAPs Agriculture/Extension officers
SA Region/Moz• Farmer-managed CA demonstrations (Hoe- model)330 Farmer Associations (mostly in Zambezia province): maize-based demo plots,50m x 50 m plots, planting holes, mulching, compost/animal manure, rotation with legumes36 “Young farmers groups” getting hands-on training on CA, on their group´s small garden plots. Number of groups to double this year.
SA Region/Moz• Scaling-up: next planting season all association members (20-30 members each) to apply the CA practices learned in their own field. Integrate tree planting into the CA in the MYAP and introduce Evergreen Agriculture in all ADPs• GovernmentMozambique National Research Institute (IIAM): last February convened a national conference in Maputo on CA for the first time. WAY FORWARD?
SA Region/Moz2. Triangle of CollaborationTo be discussed at the NO. Government partners: Ministry of Agriculture – national, provincial, district level; IIAM (Gov. research institute), ICRAF (Moz?) -• Share experiences/scientific knowledge
SA Region/Moz 3. Plan of Action• Translate in Portuguese and share with WV national office, ADPs, and government and other partners.• Develop action plans at the national level as a guide for specific plans at the ADPs.• Initiate awareness campaign on the low cost simple land regeneration methods within WV program areas, and within the government and other partners.
ZIMBABWEFoundations for Farming (formerly called Farming God´s Way)• 1. On-going interventions/History Pioneers since early 1980 in CA Reached out to South Africa in 1994 (tremendous resistance to change from the farmers) Reached out to Zambia 1995 – most advance in GO and NGO To Malawi in 1996 – To Mozambique in 1997 – GO and NGO To Lesotho in 2000 – In 2003, was invited into the FAO regional task force To Swaziland in 2005 – In 2008, introduced into the SADC Between 1989-2012 – Shared African perspectives into Canada, UK and Europe, Australia, and India
ZIMBABWE• Chief contribution is in the implementation and management of the CA system (Theory into practice, which is the great challenge for Africa) In 2011, began integration with the Savoury Institute (Holistic Land Management) 2012 – Look forward to integrating with FMNR NGOs are reaching 100,000 small scale farmers Church system – has reach 200,000 farmers
ZIMBABWE• 2. Triangle of collaboration Has been getting invited enthusiastically by the Gov, for training government staff, teaching extension officers, CA integrated into the curriculum of agricultural training colleges, Ministry of Education has also ask the Centre to teach CA into all schools. Director of Prisons has also asked us to teach all prisoners Police chief has also asked us to teach in all police stations and staffKey Strategy – setting up of training/demonstrations in these public services areas
ZIMBABWE• Plan of Action Training stations: 4 in Malawi, 2 Mozambique, 2 Zambia, 1 in South Africa, 7 in Zimbabwe, 2 in Lesotho Operation Trumpet Call in 54 rural demonstration models in all provinces in Zimbabwe through the Church system.
ZIMBABWE• Wild Cards: Implementation management is the keyWe have to persevere through resistance to changeMust convince governments is one of the major answers to the poverty/hunger crisisAny poverty-hunger causing norms and traditions have to be changed
SA REGION• ZAMBIA CA integrated into government policy Experience: free fertilizer and hybrid seed is counter- productive.• SOUTH AFRICALarge scale farmers have been adopting CA with enthusiasm,Small scale farmers (mainly in the north), there still a lot of work to doWild card: Seeing is believing, but there must be high standard.
SA REGION• MALAWI1. On-going interventions An Adopter has made a full-length movie story about the transformation of a person through CA.4. Wild cards Story-telling is a powerful adoption tool Most people in Africa are aural learners, Teach the heart more than the head, the belief system is in the heart which leads to greater adoption and scaling up. Listening before telling is another very powerful adoption tool
SA REGIONRegional initiatives: the momentum of the spread of CA has been increasing in the southern African countries.Plan of Action:To create a model for the Region - to includeEvergreen Agriculture, FMNR, Holistic resource management, LandcareWild card: Food aid – has caused the current generation to lack the knowledge on agriculture production
SA Regional Community?FfF Champions Gathering:Has been a very effective mechanism in bringing together partners - to share experiences every six months - beginning of September and beginning of March – and any body is WELCOME! THANK YOU!!