Moringa species in AVRDC’s collection
Nutritional composition of moringa
Moringa leaves are eaten fresh, cooked, or stored as fresh powder
Drying moringa leaves at 50 oC for 16 h maintained nutrient and
phytochemical levels, except vitamin C
Boiling leaves and dried powder enhanced AOA (x 3.5) and
increased bioavailable iron (x 3) (> Fe in mungbean)
Micronutrients Tomato Moringa Nutrient content of
moringa relative to tomato
Β-carotene, mg 0.40 15.28 x 38.2
Vitamin C, mg 19 459 x 24.2
Vitamin E, mg 1.16 25.25 x 21.8
Iron, mg 0.54 10.09 x 18.7
Folates, µg 5 93 x 18.6
323 2858 x 8.8
Nutritional highlights of Moringa oleifera
Among 4 moringa species (oleifera, stenopetala, peregrina
drouhardii) M. oleifera had the highest concentration of β-carotene,
ascorbate (vitamin C), α-tocopherol (vitamin E), and iron and the
second highest protein content (after stenopetala).
Antinutrients: oligosaccharides (stachyose, raffinose) not detected in
mature moringa leaves; oxalate content lower than in spinach
Moringa leaves are rich in protein (9.4 g/100 g FW), comprising all
essential amino acids in well balanced proportions. Cooking
increased protein digestibility of leaves by 20.7%.
Moringa is an ideal crop to combat malnutrition. Dried leaf powder is
processed into capsules and used as energy and health
supplement. Leaf powder added to soybean and groundnut/peanut
paste is used as ready-to-use food (RUF) for treatment of severe
acute malnutrition of children and pregnant/nursing mothers.
Quicker recovery of weight-for-age (underweight) and
Rehabilitation of severely malnourished
children with moringa in Ouagadougou
Greater improvement in wasting and underweight metrics
Average daily weight gain:
8.9 g/kg/d with moringa vs. 5.7 g/kg/d with standard
Average length of care at inpatient rehabilitation unit:
36 days w/ moringa vs. 57 days w/ standard porridge
No significant difference in height over course of study
Profound change in frequency of diarrhea:
8% w/ moringa vs. 80% w/ standard porridge
Source: Zongo et al. 2013
Medicinal uses of moringa
Moringa is rich in glucosinulates and isothiocyanates (ITCs). ITCs
inhibit mitosis and stimulate apoptosis, eliminating DNA-damaged,
unwanted cells in human tumor cells. Plant material with high
glucosinulate content (like moringa) is desirable for cancer therapy.
Moringa contains rhamnose, a deoxyhexose sugar found widely in
glycoconjugates of plants and bacteria, not in animals and humans;
used for therapeutic interventions.
Dietary or topical administration of moringa as extracts, decoctions,
creams, oils, powders, and porridges have antibiotic,
antitrypanasomal, hypotensive, antispasmodic, antiulcer, anti-
inflammatory, hypo-cholersterolemic, and hypoglycemic activities.
Consumption of moringa leaves enhances lactation and postpartum
milk production of mothers with preterm infants.
Moringa powder acts as immune stimulant in HIV/AIDS treatment.
Reduction in skin papillomas was observed following ingestion of
moringa seedpod extracts.
The mechanism of cardio protection involves the prevention of the
disruption in cardiac myofibrils, possibly through a reduction of oxidative
stress leading to improved cardiac contractile function.
Isoproterenol generates free radicals and stimulates lipid peroxidation, a
causative factor for damaging the myocardial tissues.
Thus, it appears that the beneficial action of the indole alkaloid from
moringa is mediated through its free radical scavenging property.
Body treatment solution Body butter Shower creams, shampoos
Bath soap Moringa oilBath foamAnti-aging cream
Cosmetic products with moringa ingredients
Animal forage; green manure
Agronomic, horticultural and industrial uses
Foliar nutrient for enhancing growth (growth regulator)
Fertilizer (seed cake)
Fungicide (leaves incorporated into soil)
Biogas; blue dye (wood); gum (tree trunk)
Honey clarification (powdered seeds); water purification (seed
Oil for cooking or lubrication; biofuel production
Windbreak or living fence; support for climbers (yams, beans)
Component of agroforestry systems for sustainable vegetable
production and intercropping
95,000 19.6 3.33 566
350,000 29.7 5.05 859
900,000 52.6 8.94 1,520
1,000,000 78.0 13.26 2,254
Source: Fuglie 2001
Philippines: 159,000 plants/ha; 1500 kg urea per ha; harvest
every 4 weeks > 100% return on investment.
Net benefit (US$)
1st year 2nd year 3rd year
7,367 11,985 12,017
State; Saha et al.
Source: Mamaril 2010
Moringa has good potential
to fight hunger and
malnutrition, at low cost
Significant increase of income
of smallholder farmers
services (control of soil and wind
erosion; shade; clean water)
Good adaptability – high value
for sustainable food production
and climate change scenarios.
First International Symposium on Moringa
19 – 21 November 2015
Moringa – A Decade of Advances in Research & Development
• Ethnobotany, Genetics, Biodiversity
• Climate, Soil and Agronomy
• Cropping Systems and Production Economics
• Harvesting, Postharvest and Processing
• Nutritional Quality
• Medicinal Properties
• Livestock Feed
• Industrial Uses: Biofuel, Cosmetics, Water
• Farmer Participatory, Community Livelihood
The World Vegetable Center @ 40
“Prosperity for the Poor and Health for All”