AGROFORESTRY-TREE LEAVES
Trees and shrubs - nutrients for
grazing animals, especially
pronounced dry season.
Browse or top...
Turmeric - Sesbanaia sesban agrisilvi system
Fresh fodder biomass
- 6.12 tons
Digestible crude
protein -750 kg
Total diges...
Treatment
Initial Body
weight
(Kg)
Final Body
weight
(Kg)
Change in body
weight
(Kg)
Av.daily wt gain
(g)
T1 9.56±0.42 17....
AGRISILVI TURMERIC + SESBANIA
AGRISILVI COTTON + SESBANIA
Dry roughages + Tree leaves
Increases digestibility
Supplies nitrogen
Enhance performance
Agri system
1.70 ton grain,
4.25...
Details T1 T2 T3 T4
Initial body weight (kg) 8.65 8.87 8.65 8.90
Final body weight (kg) 12.80 14.40 14.05 14.90
Total weig...
• Yielded 12% higher dry biomass and
34% digestible nutrients
• Could be fed to sheep (70 lambs/ha) instead of concentrate...
• Dry fodder biomass yield from 1.25 - 4.50 tons (natural
pasture) to 4.50 – 8.70 tons / ha / year.
• Silvipasture with Le...
Treatments Initial body
wt (kg)
Final body
wt. (kg)
Body wt.
gain (kg)
Body wt.
gain/ day (g)
Natural grass land 11.02±0.4...
Treatments Initial body wt
(kg)
Final body wt.
(kg)
Body wt. Gain
(kg)
Body wt. gain/
day (g)
Natural grass land 13.44±1.1...
SILVIPASTURE - Subabul + Gliricidia
Silvipasture (Leucena leucocephala + Gliricidia sepium +
Cenchrus ciliaris + Stylosant...
SILVI PASTURE –PROTEIN BANK
Dry fodder production
potential
Hortipasture-3.855 tons
Hortisilvipasture -4.410
tons
Hortisilvi system-1.282
tons per hec...
Details
Natural Grazing
1 hour complementary grazing
in leguminous hortipasture
Lush
season Lean season Lush season Lean s...
• The tree fodder available from agriculture land of same
unit area will be utilized for feeding animals to attain
higher ...
Session 2.3 fodder production thro agrofrestry
Session 2.3 fodder production thro agrofrestry
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Session 2.3 fodder production thro agrofrestry

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Session 2.3 fodder production thro agrofrestry

  1. 1. AGROFORESTRY-TREE LEAVES Trees and shrubs - nutrients for grazing animals, especially pronounced dry season. Browse or top-feed Goats preferred top feeds better compared to sheep. Tannin rich tree leaves - modulating the ruminal microbial population, improves nitrogen and reduces the methane production. Agroforestry systems could be effectively utilized for fodder production vis-à-vis livestock production - environmentally safe system of land use.
  2. 2. Turmeric - Sesbanaia sesban agrisilvi system Fresh fodder biomass - 6.12 tons Digestible crude protein -750 kg Total digestible nutrients-930 kg/ha
  3. 3. Treatment Initial Body weight (Kg) Final Body weight (Kg) Change in body weight (Kg) Av.daily wt gain (g) T1 9.56±0.42 17.35±0.42 7.79±0.42 51.93±2.79 T2 9.65±0.53 24.87±0.87 15.22±0.56 101.47±3.76 Kids integration 60-65 nos./ha. for five months Feeding 40-50% of DM requirement with S. sesban leaves Growth rate - 95% higher without any concentrate feed supplementation compared to conventional system of kids rearing. Turmeric - Sesbanaia sesban agrisilvi system
  4. 4. AGRISILVI TURMERIC + SESBANIA
  5. 5. AGRISILVI COTTON + SESBANIA
  6. 6. Dry roughages + Tree leaves Increases digestibility Supplies nitrogen Enhance performance Agri system 1.70 ton grain, 4.25 ton straw or 6.89 ton hay / ha. Agri silvi system 1.69 ton grain, 4.21 ton straw or 5.58 ton bajra hay / ha. BAJRA + NEEM AGRISILVI SYSTEM
  7. 7. Details T1 T2 T3 T4 Initial body weight (kg) 8.65 8.87 8.65 8.90 Final body weight (kg) 12.80 14.40 14.05 14.90 Total weight gain (kg) 3.25a 5.50b 5.40b 6.15b Average daily gain (g) 36.00a 61.10b 59.99b 66.66b Dry matter Intake (g/day) 397.35 519.72 527.27 525.33 DMI as % of B.Wt. 3.70a 4.46b 4.66b 4.41b Feed conversion ratio 11.13e 8.62d 8.74d 7.99d d, e:P<0.05 a,b:P<0.01T1- ad libitum bajra straw T2-bajra hay T3- bajra straw + leaves mixture of Neem and Gliricidia sepium T4- bajra hay +leaves of Neem and Gliricidia sepium + concentrate mixture.
  8. 8. • Yielded 12% higher dry biomass and 34% digestible nutrients • Could be fed to sheep (70 lambs/ha) instead of concentrate feed to curtail the feed cost Growth rate (55.64 vs 58.45 g/day) Feed efficiency (12.00 Vs. 12.26) Napier x bajra hybrid grass + Subabul (2 x 2 m spacing)
  9. 9. • Dry fodder biomass yield from 1.25 - 4.50 tons (natural pasture) to 4.50 – 8.70 tons / ha / year. • Silvipasture with Leucena leucocephala + Gliricidia sepium + Albizia lebbeck as tree components and Cenchrus ciliaris + Stylosanthes scabra as pasture components was recommended for greening of wastelands in rain fed condition
  10. 10. Treatments Initial body wt (kg) Final body wt. (kg) Body wt. gain (kg) Body wt. gain/ day (g) Natural grass land 11.02±0.49 21.60±0.35 10.58±0.57 39.19±2.13 Silvipasture 10.93±0.49 28.68±0.49 17.76±0.47 65.76±1.76
  11. 11. Treatments Initial body wt (kg) Final body wt. (kg) Body wt. Gain (kg) Body wt. gain/ day (g) Natural grass land 13.44±1.10 18.50±1.19 4.81±0.25 30.69a±1.14 Mixed silvipasture 13.08±0.39 21.34±0.52 8.26±0.34 50.02b±2.08 Mixed silvipasture + grass supplementation. 13.43±0.63 22.32±0.87 8.89±0.29 53.84b±1.74
  12. 12. SILVIPASTURE - Subabul + Gliricidia Silvipasture (Leucena leucocephala + Gliricidia sepium + Cenchrus ciliaris + Stylosanthes scabra) • Lambs (10-12 kg) at the rate of 30 numbers / ha • Body weight gain / day was increased by 68% • Animal holding capacity was increased by 50% as compared to natural grazing land during rain fed season.
  13. 13. SILVI PASTURE –PROTEIN BANK
  14. 14. Dry fodder production potential Hortipasture-3.855 tons Hortisilvipasture -4.410 tons Hortisilvi system-1.282 tons per hectare per year respectively under rain fed condition.
  15. 15. Details Natural Grazing 1 hour complementary grazing in leguminous hortipasture Lush season Lean season Lush season Lean season Initial body weight (kg) 14.140.36 10.660.50 14.460.45 10.780.56 Final body weight (kg) 18.660.54 14.690.49 19.900.58 15.870.41 Total weight gain (kg) 4.53 0.27 4.030.14 5.44 0.33 5.09 0.38 Daily weight gain (g) 50.28 2.99 44.78 1.60 60.42 3.70 56.57 4.19 Lambs (12-15 kg) -48-50 lambs / ha. One hour additional complementary grazing, Gained 20% and 26% more body weight in lush and lean season respectively, compared to lambs grazed in natural grazing land
  16. 16. • The tree fodder available from agriculture land of same unit area will be utilized for feeding animals to attain higher benefit per unit area. • Fodder trees provide a cheap protein, energy, minerals and vitamins for livestock fed on low quality roughages or grasses and reduced the cost of feeding. • Fodder production through agroforestry systems could be popularized for profitable eco-friendly livestock production.

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