Peter cunningham, salifou yaou & tony rinaudo

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Peter cunningham, salifou yaou & tony rinaudo

  1. 1. Serving In Mission Edible,multi-purpose Australian acacias for Agroforestry farming systems in Africa’s dry lands. Peter Cunningham, Salifou Yaou & Tony Rinaudo SIM, World Vision Niger & Australia SIM
  2. 2. Global food crises 2008… • Serving In Mission Africa: Hardest hit continent Reduced crop yields –Sub Sahara > 20% Sahelian region : Millet/Sorghum –15% by 2030 • • Food security < 11% rainfed land bySIM
  3. 3. Serving In Mission Semi-arid tropics: 450 mm rainfall p.a. Growing season: June-Sept Maradi region SIM
  4. 4. Challenges Serving In Mission • Climate change • Frequent famines • Chronic malnutrition • Hunger • Poor health • Food security? • General security SIM
  5. 5. Serving In Mission The Farmer Managed Agroforestry Farming System (FMAFS) An integrated agroforestry farming system to overcome the main limitations to farming Soil & water erosion - Low soil fertility - Mono-culture cropping - Lack of biodiversity - Poor income generation & distribution - Drought - SIM
  6. 6. Farmer Managed Agroforestry Farming System Serving In Mission FMNR Multi-purpose acacias + Other Agroforestry trees + Annual/Perennial crops + Soil amelioration (CRM, compost, NPK microdosing) SIM
  7. 7. FMAFS Farm layoutServing In Mission (½ ha) SIM
  8. 8. v e r e Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration of trees (FMNR) Serving In Mission L a n d Crop Residue Mulching SIM
  9. 9. Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration Serving In Mission 50 % of Nigers farmland reforested in last 25 yrs “One of the great success stories in the field of climate change and agriculture” “the single largest environmental transformation in Africa” Mark Hertsgaard- environment writer SIM
  10. 10. Serving In Mission Sustainable firewood Multi-purpose acacias Tools Mulch A. tumida Reclamation of degraded landsICRISAT Poles/Timber SIM
  11. 11. A. colei seed pods HumanIn food Serving Mission var Ileocarpa Acacia flour- 60% yield 21- 24% Protein, 50% Carbohydrate SIM
  12. 12. Serving In Mission Traditional foods cooked with 25% acacia flour SIM
  13. 13. Acacia based food products Serving In Mission Kunu- “Weaning formula” • • • • • • • • • • Millet Sorghum Peanut Soy bean Sesame Moringa Acacia 15% Boabab pulp Salt Sugar SIM
  14. 14. FMAFS Demonstrations In Mission Serving SIM
  15. 15. Promotion & In Mission adoption Serving • • • • • • Training courses Village visits, tours/dialogue Followup Radio broadcasts Open days Acacia seed market SIM
  16. 16. Mean average annual crop and wood production Serving In Mission from FMAFS vs control farms in the Maradi district, Niger (2006-2009) FMAFS Component FMAFS (kg/ha) Control (kg/ha) Millet 173 149 77 10 FMNR wood 167 - Acacia wood 142 - Acacia seed 20 - Other crops (Sorghum, cowpeas, hibiscus, peanuts) All data in kg/ha. 7 FMAFS (1/2 – 1 ha). Mean of 3-4 yrs SIM
  17. 17. Mean average annual economicServing In Mission benefits from FMAFS vs control farms in the Maradi district, Niger (2006-2009) FMAFS Component FMAFS (cfa) Control (cfa) % Increase Millet 43,250 37,250 14 Other crops 23,100 3,000 87 40,250 103 (Sorghum, cowpeas, hibiscus, peanuts) FMNR wood 6,680 Acacia wood 2,850 Acacia seed 5,760 Total benefits 81,630 All data in kg/ha. 7 FMAFS (1/2 – 1 ha). Mean of 3-4 yrs SIM
  18. 18. Proportion of farm income derived from the Serving In Mission components of FMAFS vs control farms in the Maradi district, Niger (2006-2009) % FMAFS Component FMAFS Control Millet 53 92.5 Other crops 28 7.5 (Sorghum, cowpeas, hibiscus, peanuts) (81.5) FMNR wood 8 Acacia wood 3.5 Acacia seed 7 Total 100 100 SIM
  19. 19. c ½ ha FMAFS Demonstration: Mission Serving In Magajin Kware a c i a f i r e SIM
  20. 20. c a c i a Acacia colei 3 yrs - Feb 2009 f i r e Acacia In Mission Serving torulosa SIM
  21. 21. c a c i a f i r Acacia prunings e Serving In Mission Acacia leaf compost May-June 2009 SIM
  22. 22. c a c i FMNR a Weeding f i r e October Mission Serving In 2009 CRM SIM
  23. 23. Component research: acacia species, Serving In Mission domestication, silviculture Acacia tumida Acacia torulosa Acacia colei SIM
  24. 24. Acacia torulosa Serving In Mission High seed yield Ease of thrashing 4 yrs Coppicing/ Pollarding SIM
  25. 25. Acacia tumida var Kulparn Danja (20 Serving In Mission months) Provenance trials 2004... Within provenance selections 2008... SIM
  26. 26. Silvicultural requirements Serving In Mission Spacing, pruning A. colei & torulosa. 10 yrs. (4 prunings) 10x10 m spacing Farming system SIM
  27. 27. Expanding the impact- Niger Edible Serving In Mission Acacia Network (NEAN) Third edible Acacia roundtable meeting March 2012, Maradi Niger, Ghana, Senegal SIM
  28. 28. Main benefits of the FMAFS Serving In Mission Simple, flexible, teachable, transferable Begins with what the farmers know: - FMNR - Acacias - Traditional crops Biodiversity Every Acacia tree produces multiple benefits Land protection & restoration Increased soil fertility Income generation & distribution Minimal problems from grazing animals Overcomes faminesResilience SIM
  29. 29. Conclusions Serving In Mission • Multi-purpose Australian acacias can be used to enrich FMNR in dryland agroforestry farming systems (FMAFS)- “Beyond FMNR” • FMAFS in Niger can significantly improve farm economics, resilience and adaptation to Climate change • R&D gaps are in need of further work & funding • Multi-purpose Australian acacias may have an important role in a “New Green Revolution” in Africas drylands? (Reclamation of degraded lands) SIM
  30. 30. Serving In Mission Mun gode (Thankyou) SIM
  31. 31. Acacia seed for Human food: Serving In Mission Principles • Nutrious with cereal compliment amino acids limited) (certain • Protein suppliment • No more than 25% Acacia flour mix • Seed preparation: No roasting, seed cost removed 0.6 mm seive. Flour meal • Incorporate into local recipies • Local seed processing technologies at village level • Potential for various food stuffs- Kunnu, Nutrition mixes, Famine foods SIM
  32. 32. The need for a new Green revolution Serving In Mission for Africa’s drylands Based on widespread cultivation of new crops adapted to low soil fertility & lower and more variable rainfall Edible multi-purpose Acacias • Drought tolerant • Adapted to low soil fertility • <Soil erosion >Soil fertility • Mulch • Windbreaks • Timber products- building, fencing • Restoration of degraded lands • Fodder • Honey production? • Human food SIM
  33. 33. Serving In Mission The Sahelian region of West Africa SIM

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