Making conservation people’s choice - the carbon angle


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  • Making conservation people’s choice - the carbon angle

    1. 1. Patricia Zurita Conservation Stewards Program March 13, 2009 making conservation people’s choice the carbon angle
    2. 2. Today CI’s carbon experience Working with people Bringing it together
    3. 3. CI mission Our Mission is to inspire and help societies manage nature’s assets for the equitable benefit of current and future generations
    4. 4. CI’s carbon experience
    5. 6. helps tackle climate change protecting nature Conserving and restoring forests, and sustainably managing agricultural land, can increase carbon sequestration and reduce GHG emissions, mitigating climate change
    6. 7. helps tackle climate change protecting nature conserving intact terrestrial and marine ecosystems helps communities adapt to ongoing climate change
    7. 8. biodiversity + carbon potential overlap
    8. 9. hotspots + wilderness areas populated
    9. 10. Protect intact forests reduce CO 2 emissions conserve biodiversity Reforest and restore degraded areas increase CO2 uptake restore or recreate habitat Create diverse agroforestry systems increase CO2 uptake restore or recreate habitat Building corridors landscape forest carbon projects innovative
    10. 11. national level initiatives forest carbon <ul><li>support policy change </li></ul><ul><li>transfer technological expertise, and </li></ul><ul><li>provide multiple benefits for biodiversity and local peoples </li></ul>
    11. 12. What are the potential benefits of Forest Carbon Projects? Forest Conservation + Reforestation Sequester and store C Maintain healthy ecosystems that are resilient to climate change Climate change mitigation Climate change adaptation Provide habitats and resources Serve as sources of products, ecological services, employment and income
    12. 13. Forest Carbon Projects contribute directly to CI’s conservation and human well-being goals Climate change mitigation Provide habitats and resources Serve as sources of products, ecosystem services, employment and income reduced impact reduced impact Human well-being Forest conservation (REDD) Reforestation Store carbon and reduce GHG emissions Biodiversity
    13. 14. Where are our Forest Carbon Projects? <ul><li>Mantadia, Madagascar </li></ul><ul><li>3,000+ ha AR corredor </li></ul><ul><li>425,000 ha REDD in Protected Areas </li></ul><ul><li>Fruit gardens, fuelwood </li></ul><ul><li>ChoCO2, Ecuador </li></ul><ul><li>275 ha A/R, 80K+ CERs </li></ul><ul><li>Restoration of degraded pasture lands </li></ul><ul><li>Choco-Manabí Corridor </li></ul><ul><li>Tengchong, China </li></ul><ul><li>467 ha A/R, 167K CERs </li></ul><ul><li>Reforestation around an ecological reserve </li></ul><ul><li>Local forest cooperatives </li></ul>
    14. 15. Where are our Forest Carbon Projects? <ul><ul><li>Our portfolio: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Global coverage: 20+ projects in 15 countries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrated, multiple-benefit projects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ambitious scale: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>~ 21 million ha forest conservation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>~ 30,000 ha forest restoration </li></ul></ul></ul>Projects before 2007 Projects initiated 2007 or later
    15. 16. working with people
    16. 17. people are choosing destruction over conservation expansion of agriculture
    17. 18. what we are about <ul><li>Biodiversity is in people’s hands </li></ul><ul><li>Protecting areas with local people in private, communal + traditional lands </li></ul><ul><li>Conserving it has a cost </li></ul><ul><li>People will not conserve unless: </li></ul><ul><li>It is beneficial to them </li></ul><ul><li>They have the tools to make it happen </li></ul><ul><li>We are about making conservation attractive </li></ul><ul><li>Concrete and periodic benefits in exchange for effective and measurable conservation commitments </li></ul>
    18. 19. Conservation Agreement Conservation Actions Benefits Opportunity cost Threats to Biodiversity Patrolling Reforestation Demarcation No Hunting No deforestation Teachers salaries Medicines Agriculture best practices Wages from doing conservation actions Endowments
    19. 20. the central cardamom forest cambodia Cardamoms Protected Forest 400,000 has
    20. 21. chumnoab <ul><li>The challenge </li></ul><ul><li>73 families </li></ul><ul><li>Slash & burn 40 has/year </li></ul><ul><li>Hunting (Pangolins, Sun bears, tigers, etc) </li></ul><ul><li>By-catch of Siamese crocodiles (pop. 200) </li></ul>
    21. 22. chumnoab <ul><li>Their aspirations </li></ul><ul><li>Rice production areas (food security) </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers who stay in school full scholarly years (education) </li></ul><ul><li>Income (econ opportunities) </li></ul>
    22. 23. the agreement chumnoab <ul><li>No deforestation </li></ul><ul><li>No slash & burn </li></ul><ul><li>No nets or electricity in the vicinity of the nesting areas </li></ul><ul><li>No burning in the nesting areas </li></ul><ul><li>Patrolling to retire wildlife traps </li></ul><ul><li>Support croc monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>10 buffalos ($5,000) </li></ul><ul><li>25 has plowed by a tractor </li></ul><ul><li>Salaries for 2 teachers ($50/month) </li></ul><ul><li>Ag extension (CEDAC) </li></ul><ul><li>Equipment, per diem, training and insurance for patrolling </li></ul><ul><li>Signs and communication strategy </li></ul>
    23. 24. 20,000 has of forest patrolled, zoned + protected conserved biodiversity
    24. 25. 10% of the global population hatched in year 1 conserved biodiversity
    25. 26. Rare endangered species are returning to these forests conserved biodiversity
    26. 27. A community engaged + supportive of conservation and monitoring with us conserved biodiversity
    27. 28. Increased rice production 4x livelihoods improved
    28. 29. Teachers in schools year round livelihoods improved
    29. 30. livelihoods improved
    30. 31. Buffalos and tools for agriculture livelihoods improved
    31. 32. <ul><li>$30K protects 20,000 has in one year </li></ul><ul><li>5 communities protect 110,000 has </li></ul><ul><li>A $2M trust will save this area forever </li></ul>success + sustainability chumnoab
    32. 33. systems different private farmers indigenous groups co-management of protected areas communal lands public lands Creation of MPAs Municipal areas 2002 -- 1 2005 -- 4 2006 -- 10 2007 -- 28 2008 -- 50
    33. 34. human wellbeing 90% reduction in respiratory problems $12/family/month savings in firewood costs 2002 -- 1 2005 -- 4 2006 -- 10 2007 -- 28 2008 -- 50 Reviving old Tibetan traditions
    34. 35. bringing it together
    35. 36. carbon Liberia DRC Madagascar Cambodia Guyana Guatemala Ecuador Solomons Fiji 2002 -- 1 2005 -- 4 2006 -- 10 2007 -- 28 2008 -- 50
    36. 37. Madagascar: an example of how we are taking our work to scale 1 . Makira Forest Carbon Project (WCS 2002) Forest Conservation: 400,000 ha Carbon benefit: Up to 9 Mt CO 2 2. Mantadia-Zahamena (2004) Forest Conservation: 425,000 ha Reforestation: 3,000 ha Carbon benefit: ~30 Mt CO 2 3. Fandriana-Vondrozo (2008) Forest Conservation: app. 240,000 ha Reforestation: approx. 2,000 ha Carbon benefit: ~10 Mt CO 2 Next step: National level
    37. 38. at the national level scaling-up <ul><li>2.5 M hectares </li></ul><ul><li>1.3M farming people + 250K ind </li></ul><ul><li>$75M / year </li></ul><ul><li>1% of oil royalties </li></ul><ul><li>$50M from Carbon mkt </li></ul><ul><li>REDD national initiative </li></ul><ul><li>Complement BDH program $180M/year 1.3M people (60% peri-urban population) </li></ul>
    38. 39. <ul><li>promote integrated solutions to land management around the world </li></ul><ul><li>Secure fair distribution of benefits to local people </li></ul><ul><li>Build opportunities for income generation </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure that biodiversity is conserved </li></ul>
    39. 40. all photos © minden pictures, naturePL, CI Conservation Stewards Program February 29, 2008 thank you people and nature living in harmony