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ICRAF Vietnam coffee program: Transforming lives and landscapes with trees


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Title: ICRAF Vietnam coffee program: Transforming lives and landscapes with trees
Author: Delia Catacutan

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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ICRAF Vietnam coffee program: Transforming lives and landscapes with trees

  1. 1. TRANSFORMING LIVES and LANDSCAPES with TREES Delia C. Catacutan, PhD Country Representative Viet Nam Country Office Southeast Asia Regional Programme
  2. 2. Who are we? ICRAF is part of the alliance of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) • Headquartered in Nairobi, Kenya • Conducts research in 30 countries around the developing world • We generate knowledge about the diverse roles that trees play in agricultural and forested landscapes • We use research to advance policies and practices that benefit the poor and the environment
  3. 3. Livelihood improvement Climate change adaptation and mitigation Land restoration and ecosystem services Partnerships for sustainable development Our research themes
  4. 4. Coffee research in Vietnam • Agroforestry for livelihoods of smallholder farmers in Northwest Vietnam (2011-2016) • Market-based agroforestry and forest rehabilitation options for Northwest Vietnam (2017-2021) • Gender, land use and land use change in Vietnam: Coffee as commodity driver of land use change in the Central Highlands of Vietnam (July-December 2015) with IIED • BREEDSCAFS (led by CIRAD) (2017-2019)
  5. 5. On-farm trials: Agroforestry systems with coffee Acacia-longan-coffee-soybeans-forage grass Teak-plum-coffee-soybeans-forage grass Macadamia-coffee- soybeans
  6. 6. Some results Coffee yield: • Teak-plum-coffee-soybeans-forage grass: 2.2 tons in the 3rd year or 13.2 million VND ha-1 • Acacia-longan-coffee-soybeans-forage grass: 4.7 tons in the 3rd year • Macadamia-coffee-soybean: 4.2 and 4.3 tons in the 3rd and 4th year Benefits from leguminous species: • Early returns to investment and help improve soil fertility • Yield: 50 -100 kg ha-1, contributing 1 -3 million VND ha-1 Soil erosion reduction: • Up to 23% in the teak-plum-coffee-soybeans-forage grass system the 2nd year • Up to 90% in the acacia-longan-coffee-forage grass systems in the 3rd year
  7. 7. Land use, gender and coffee value chain Objectives: 1. Understand the drivers of forest conversion into coffee 2. Describe the coffee value chain, as forest change driver 3. Understand how men and women participate in, and benefit from coffee value chains 4. Examine the trade-offs of forest conversion to coffee plantations, in the context of REDD+ Key recommendations: • Strict enforcement of land use policies, particularly expansion in forest lands and in critical watersheds • Focus on value-addition and improving quality rather than quantity • Incentives to farmers practicing, and companies supporting sustainable coffee production (e.g. tax cuts and public recognition) • Develop gender-specific safeguards such as crop insurance and lower interest rates, and train women entrepreneurs on price negotiation
  8. 8. • Train men and women farmers on sustainable production technologies, including high-quality seedlings • Promote coffee-agroforestry systems to diversify products, and spread risks • Companies should support farmers in certifying deforestation-free coffee. • Strict enforcement of environmental and social impact assessment procedures. • Provide government planners with tools and evidence -to make ‘informed’ decisions about managing trade-offs of forest conversion • For the REDD+ programme to (a) ensure that national and sub-national REDD+ action plans include specific actions that address drivers of deforestation and degradation, (b) conduct trade off analysis on forest conversion to coffee, (c) study the process and benefits of land sharing approaches, and (d) conduct valuation studies of forest environmental services to support REDD+ negotiation.
  9. 9. Coffee R&D outlook • Roles of coffee-based agroforestry systems in CC adaptation and mitigation, landscape restoration; quantification of multiple benefits e.g., income, carbon, water etc. • Integrated tree-crop management in coffee-based agroforestry systems (e.g., pests and diseases, resource capture and management, etc.) • Improved planting materials, varieties, value chain • Opportunity costs of land use conversion to coffee • Training
  10. 10. Transform lives and landscapes with trees – with us! Contact: Dr. Delia Catacutan Tel/Fax: +84 4 37834644/45 (24) outheast_asia/vietnam Thank You!