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Ecosystem based adaptation for Sri Lanka


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Ecosystem based adaptation for sustainable development in Sri Lanka

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Ecosystem based adaptation for Sri Lanka

  1. 1. Water, Land, Jobs Ecosystem based adaptation for sustainable development Visit of H.E. President of Sri Lanka Prabhu, Kindt, Minang, Sinclair, Vagen
  2. 2. We know climate change will hit Sri Lanka! No 2 - Global Climate Vulnerability Index
  3. 3. The challenges are well recognised
  4. 4. -24% -24% -21% -20% -21% -21% -22% -25% -26% -21% -23% -25% -27% -26% -25% -24% -28% -25% -28%-26% -20% -25% RAINFALL IN JANUARY 2050s vs. current Likely decrease Likely increase Percentages are 25% percentiles from 19 models Changes to Maha and Yala
  5. 5. +23% +23% +23% +22% +22% +22% +23% +23% +23% +23% +22% +23% +23% +23% +23% +23% +23% +24% +24%+23% +23% +23% RAINFALL IN OCTOBER 2050s vs. current Likely decrease Likely increase Percentages are 75% percentiles from 19 models
  6. 6. Problem: Reservoir capacity and siltation  Upland erosion & degradation Photo: Ada Derana Paranage 2018, Water 10(10), 1402; doi:10.3390/w10101402 blue shows intermediate (light) and wet (dark) zones beige, orange and red show dry zone (drier along colour gradient)
  7. 7. More intense, less frequent rainfall events Higher temperatures More frequent and severe droughts Accelerated upstream land degradation and run-off Change in time of flowering of key crops Sedimentation of reservoirs reducing water available for downstream irrigation Compromised livelihoods of farm and estate worker families, food insecurity Increasingly unsustainable land use not adapted to changing climate Land users unable to adapt to climate change Fragmented expertise and remits across different government entities Lack of fine scale understanding of climate change impacts No connection between land use in upstream catchments and downstream water use Locally appropriate information on climate change, land and water management practices and germplasm not available to farmers Insufficient resources available to invest in land restoration, protection and innovation Farmers and other producers often receiving low prices Non-congruence of administrative and hydrological boundaries The Problem Complex Land users unable to adapt to climate change
  8. 8. soil water agriculture forests human health economy well-being of different people Better outcomes for Sri Lanka Ecosystem Based Sustainable Development Toomuchfertilizer& pesticides;floods EBA, agroforestry, system integration, value chains, PES Mobilise Sri Lankan capacity, Foreign investment (including GCF) & power of science Shortageofwater/droughts
  9. 9. US$ 50 million joint project for GCF (& Support to Sri Lanka Readiness)
  10. 10. Maps by A. M. S. B. Adhikari, MASL Intervention area in the upstream catchment Agriculture sustainable intensification Forest and landscape restoration ++ New products, new services, more investment  Water + Jobs + Health = Green Development Moragahakanda & Kaluganga catchments Benefits downstream
  11. 11. Cutting edge Science – example land health management  Provides information for decision makers
  12. 12. Next: From GCF project to Green Economy?
  13. 13. Green Investments: Jackfruit example Stock photo accessed through the internet
  14. 14. New markets for this “super food”
  15. 15. Example 2: Kitul Stock photos accessed through the internet
  16. 16. Tremendous capacity in Sri Lanka! Mobilise & advance it
  17. 17. From Highlands to the Sea: A Green Economy transformation!
  18. 18. Thank you!