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Cimmyt In Africa 2009


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Cimmyt In Africa 2009

  1. 1. International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center
  2. 2. CIMMYT Global partnerships for maize and wheat research Kabul, Afghanistan Almaty, Kazakhstan Ankara, Tbilisi, Kathmandu, Beijing, Turkey Georgia Nepal China Karaj/Teheran, El Batán, Iran Islamabad Dhaka, Mexico Pakistan Bangladesh Cali, Nairobi/Njoro, Addis Ababa, Colombia Kenya Ethiopia Harare, New Delhi, > 90 researchers in 15 offices throughout the Zimbabwe India developing world. > Partnerships with public research and extension organizations, private companies, advanced research institutes, NGOs and farmer associations.
  3. 3. Why Focus on Maize and Wheat?  Among the three most vital of the developing world’s basic foods.  Provide, on average, 25% of the caloric intake in developing countries.  Essential to the present and future food security…for nations and households.  Demand for maize and wheat is skyrocketing. Agricultural research is essential to provide food of sufficient quantity and quality.
  4. 4. Selected impacts of CIMMYT and partners’ work  CIMMYT-related wheat varieties are planted on more than 64 million hectares in low-income countries.  More than 20 million hectares in non-temperate environments of developing countries are sown to CIMMYT-related maize varieties.  More than 9,000 researchers from around the world have benefited from CIMMYT training. CIMMYT alumni now lead major crop research programs, public and private, throughout the world.
  5. 5. CIMMYT Products in Africa Drought tolerant maize  20 - 100% yield increases What farmers grow today Drought  Reached farmers on more than 2 tolerant million hectares 14.0  Native genetic variation delivers the 12.0 Yield of thr variety (t/ha) impact 10.0 8.0  PPP for emerging transgenics 6.0 4.0 2.0  Partnership: CIMMYT – IITA – 13 0.0 African countries 0.0 2.0 4.0 6.0 Yield of the trial (t/ha) 8.0 10.0 Experimental Checks  Partnership: AATF - CIMMYT Monsanto – 5 African countries
  6. 6. CIMMYT Products in Africa Rust resistant wheat  Ug99 – a global threat to world wheat production and food security  90% of all wheat varieties are susceptible  Disease has spread from Africa to Asia  A global partnership to develop new resistant varieties of wheat  Cornell University – CIMMYT – ICARDA – KARI - EIAR
  7. 7. CIMMYT Products in Africa Conservation agriculture  Reverse Africa’s natural and agricultural resource degradation  Systems that are adapted to smallholder farmers conditions and investment capability  Increase WUE, NUE and reduce labour use  Partnership between CIMMYT – CIAT – IFAD – southern African countries
  8. 8. CIMMYT products in Africa High Vitamin A maize  “Golden maize” for native variation  Reduce global Vitamin A deficiency  Raise b-carotene levels in maize from 1-2 ppm to > 10 ppm  Consumer acceptance studies  Partnership between Harvest Plus - CIMMYT – IITA – Purdue University Ghana – Zambia – EMPRAPA – YAAS
  9. 9. CIMMYT products in Africa SSA Policy Investment/Credit SME development  Seed sector studies Know-how Demand  Access to parental seed for new seed companies Production Marketing  Applied business training involving Infrastructure Germplasm established private sector  Partnership: CIMMYT – IITA – established seed companies – Howard G. Buffett