Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

01 choi-yougtae-korea-forest-restoration-feri-tree-diversity-day2014-cop12

531 views

Published on

Trees, landscapes, restoration, Korea, governance, Young il, Tree Diversity Day 2014, CBD, biodiversity, invasive species, seedlings, policy, indigenous people, livelihoods, Asia, FERI

Published in: Environment
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

01 choi-yougtae-korea-forest-restoration-feri-tree-diversity-day2014-cop12

  1. 1. Forest'Restora*on'Experience'of'Korea'' and'the'Forest'Ecosystem'Restora*on'Ini*a*ve' Korea&Forest&Service& Interna0onal&Coopera0on&Division& Choi,&Young&tae&
  2. 2. CONTENTS' 1.'Large/scale'Forest'Restora7on'in'Korea' ' 2.'The'Green'Will' ' 3.'AAer'the'Successful'Restora7on' ' 4.'Forest'Ecosystem'Restora7on'Ini7a7ve'
  3. 3. Large;scale'Forest'Restora*on' in'Korea''
  4. 4. LargeNscale&Forest&Restora0on&in&Korea& 01. Forest'Ecosystem'in'Korea' ' Forest'ecosystem'as'key'component'of'biodiversity'in'Korea' ▸&Total&&land&&area&:&10Mha&&/&Agricultural&&land&:&2Mha&(20%)&/&Forest&&area&:&6.4Mha&(64%)& &&&&-Biological&species&:&38,011&&(5,241plants)&
  5. 5. LargeNscale&Forest&Restora0on&in&Korea& Landscape'level'degrada7on'of'forest'ecosystem'' in'the'early'20th'century'' ▸&Overexploita0on&during&the&Japanese&occupa0on(1910N1945)& ▸&Korean&war(1950N1953)&& ▸&Use&of&fuelwood& ▸&Stock'volume'per'ha':'only'12' 02. State'of'Forests'in'1960'
  6. 6. LargeNscaleForestRestora0oninKorea 03.'Large;scale'Forest'Restora*on' 1960' 2010' 79USD 26million 12/ha 28,650USD 48million 126/ha 'GNI'per'capita' Popula7on'' Forest'stock'volume'
  7. 7. LargeNscaleForestRestora0oninKorea 03.'Large;scale'Forest'Restora*on' Interna0onal Support Restora0on Efforts Par0al Successwith disappoin0ng outcome ? ▸Diminu0vepublicpar0cipa0on ▸Con0nuedillegalNlogging ▸Poorchoiceofseedlings ▸Hastyimplementa0onofrestora0on
  8. 8. LargeNscaleForestRestora0oninKorea 04. Stages'of'Forest'Restora*on' Maintenance and Enforcement “Forest'soil'' Forest' resources' Survey”' “The%1st%and%2nd% 10.year%Forest% Rehabilita7on% plans”% “Seed'orchard,' Nursery'clusters”' “Na7on'with' Sustainable' welfare'and' green'economy”' Fuelwood Planta0on, Reforesta0on, Erosion Control “12'billion'trees' on'2.1million'ha”' Seedand Seedling Produc0on FieldStudy Establishment ofplanatthe Na0onalLevel
  9. 9. LargeNscaleForestRestora0oninKorea 04. Stages'of'Forest'Restora*on' Field'study'
  10. 10. LargeNscaleForestRestora0oninKorea 04. Stages'of'Forest'Restora*on' Establishment'of'Plan'at'the'Na7onal'Level'
  11. 11. LargeNscaleForestRestora0oninKorea 04. Stages'of'Forest'Restora*on' Seed'and'Seedling'Produc7on'
  12. 12. LargeNscaleForestRestora0oninKorea 04. Stages'of'Forest'Restora*on' Fuelwood'Planta7on,'Reforesta7on,'Erosion'Control'
  13. 13. LargeNscaleForestRestora0oninKorea 04. Stages'of'Forest'Restora*on' Maintenance'and'Enforcement'
  14. 14. LargeNscaleForestRestora0oninKorea 05.'Challenges'and'Solu*ons' Lack%of%governance% ▸AbroadNbasedapproachthroughSaemaul'Undong' ▸ResultNfocusedstepbystepapproach ▸EstablishmentoftheKoreaForestServicein1967 Lack%of%scien7fic%knowledge%and%technology%on%forest%restora7on% ▸Researchanddevelopmentofappropriatetechnology ▸Timelydeliveryofmaterialsandtechnicalservices ▸Provisionofadequatetechnicalassistanceandextensionof appropriatetechnologytousers
  15. 15. LargeNscaleForestRestora0oninKorea 05.'Challenges'and'Solu*ons' Lack%of%financial%and%human%resources% ▸Emphasisonshorttermgainsinincomeandwelfare ▸Appropriateand0melyfinancialsubsidiesandaccesstoresources ▸Reinvestmentofapor0onofthegains Lack%of%policies%and%awareness% ▸Strong,clearlawsandregula0onsdevelopedwith par0cipa0onofvillagers ▸TopNdownandbodomNupplanningwithemphasisoncoopera0on ▸Longtradi0onofvillagecoopera0on
  16. 16. “If'you'love'your'country,'plant'trees”' ' Park,'Chung/hee' Late'President'of'the'Republic'of'Korea' '
  17. 17. LargeNscaleForestRestora0oninKorea 06.'Factors'of'Success' ▸ClearNa0onalConsensus ▸Interna0onalInterestandSupport ▸StrongPoli0calWilland Governance(Saemaul'Undong) ▸KeyTechnologyof NForestRestora0on NHumanResources NNa0onalInventory
  18. 18. The'Green'Will'
  19. 19. TheGreenWill 01.'Young;il'Forest'erosion'control'project' hdps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EV566fnNkjA
  20. 20. ASer'the'Successful'Restora*on'
  21. 21. AkertheSuccessfulRestora0on “Forest' Rehabilita7on' projects”' “Development'of' forest'resources”' 01.'Transi*on'in'Forest'Policies' 2008;2017 TheFikh Na0onal ForestPlan “Pursuing'SFM”' “Na7on'with' Sustainable' welfare'and' green'economy”' 1973;1987' TheFirstand Second Na0onal ForestPlans 1988;1997' TheThird Na0onal ForestPlan 1998;2007' TheFourth Na0onal ForestPlan
  22. 22. AkertheSuccessfulRestora0on 02.'Current'State'of'Forests'in'Korea Forest'Ecosystem'Services'
  23. 23. AkertheSuccessfulRestora0on ※'How'did'we'calculate'Forest'Ecosystem'Services? ▸Con0ngentValua0onMethod NCalculatethevaluebysurveyingconsumers’willingnesstopay (BiodiversityConserva0on) ▸GrossExpenditureMethod NCalculatetheamountallocateforforestNrelatedac0vi0esbyanalyzing consumerpaderns(Foresttherapy,Forestrecrea0on) ▸ReplacementCostMethod NQuan0fyforestecosystemservices,andthenmul0plybythecostof technologyrequiredwhenobtainingtheseservices(Waterstorage enhancement,Waterqualityimprovement,Erosioncontrol,Landslide preven0on,Airqualityimprovement,WildlifeProtec0on)
  24. 24. Forest'Ecosystem' Restora*on'Ini*a*ve
  25. 25. ForestEcosystemRestora0onIni0a0ve 01. Interna*onal'Trend In2003,theGlobalPartnershiponForestandLandscape Restora0on(GPFLR)wasestablished,ledbyIUCN,WWFandUK INSeptember2011,theBonnChallengecalledforrestora0onof150Mhaby2020
  26. 26. ForestEcosystemRestora0onIni0a0ve 01. Interna*onal'Trend The'Hyderabad'Call'for'ac7on'on'biodiversity'was'made' at'the'CBD'COP'11' “If'we'really'want'to'fully'achieve'the'20'Aichi'Biodiversity'Targets,' urgent'aYen*on'needs'to'be'given'to'at'least'half'of'them'to'ensure' their'full'implementa*on,'or'at'least'significant'progress,'by'2015.”' /Mr.'Braulio'Ferreira'de'Souza'Dias,'CBD'Execu7ve'Secretary(2012)
  27. 27. ForestEcosystemRestora0onIni0a0ve 02.'Forest'Ecosystem'Restora*on'Ini*a*ve(FERI)' AichiTargets MOE KFS BioNBridge Ini0a0ve Pyeongchang Roadmap ForestEcosystem Restora0onIni0a0ve
  28. 28. ForestEcosystemRestora0onIni0a0ve 02.'Forest'Ecosystem'Restora*on'Ini*a*ve(FERI)' Supportdevelopingcountriesintheirrestora0onefforts
  29. 29. ForestEcosystemRestora0onIni0a0ve 02.'Forest'Ecosystem'Restora*on'Ini*a*ve(FERI)' Implementa0onofrestora0onac0on atna0onalandsubNna0onallevel AichiTargets Capacity Building Implementa0on Support (10+countries) Technical supportand coopera0on Expert process
  30. 30. ForestEcosystemRestora0onIni0a0ve 02.'Forest'Ecosystem'Restora*on'Ini*a*ve(FERI)' Implementa0onofrestora0onac0on atna0onalandsubNna0onallevel Capacity Building Implementa0on Support (10+countries) Technical supportand coopera0on Expert process ▸Workshops ▸LearningexchangesatregionalandsubNregionallevel ▸Iden0fica0on,transla0on,developmentandadapta0onoftoolsforuse byPar0es ▸Technicalclinics
  31. 31. ForestEcosystemRestora0onIni0a0ve 02.'Forest'Ecosystem'Restora*on'Ini*a*ve(FERI)' Implementa0onofrestora0onac0on atna0onalandsubNna0onallevel Capacity Building Implementa0on Support (10+countries) Technical supportand coopera0on Expert process ▸Directsupporttocountriestocarryoutassessmentsofdegrada0onand restora0onpoten0al,intheframeworkofAichiTargets5,11and15 NCallforproposalsfromcountries NSelec0onandfundingofrecipientcountries NReviewandmonitoringofprojects NRepor0ngfromcountriesandtheSecretariat
  32. 32. ForestEcosystemRestora0onIni0a0ve 02.'Forest'Ecosystem'Restora*on'Ini*a*ve(FERI)' Implementa0onofrestora0onac0on atna0onalandsubNna0onallevel Capacity Building Implementa0on Support (10+countries) Technical supportand coopera0on Expert process ▸Interna0onal/globaltechnicalsupportnetwork NCoordina0onmechanismbetweendifferentregionsandini0a0ves ▸Regionalsupporthubs“centersofexcellence” NBuildingontheTechnicalandScien0ficcoopera0onnetworks
  33. 33. ForestEcosystemRestora0onIni0a0ve 02.'Forest'Ecosystem'Restora*on'Ini*a*ve(FERI)' Implementa0onofrestora0onac0on atna0onalandsubNna0onallevel Capacity Building Implementa0on Support (10+countries) Technical supportand coopera0on Expert process ▸Mee0ngsofexpertsandscien0ficgroupsonissuesrelatedtoforest ecosystemrestora0on
  34. 34. ForestEcosystemRestora0onIni0a0ve 03.'The'Future'We'Expect' Source:hdp://www.globalNgreenhouseNwarming.com/deforesta0on.html
  35. 35. ForestEcosystemRestora0onIni0a0ve 03.'The'Future'We'Expect' Source:hdp://www.globalNgreenhouseNwarming.com/deforesta0on.html
  36. 36. Thank'you!' Korea'Forest'Service' Interna*onal'Coopera*on' Division' Choi,'Young'tae' globalkfs@korea.kr'

×