Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Sowing and Planting
Machines(2L)
Prepared by
Er. Uttam Raj Timilsina(MSc.Engineering,IIT
Roorkee)
Professor of Agricultura...
Sowing and Planting Machines
 Method/type of seeding and planting
 Metering mechanism for seeds and fertilizers
in seed ...
Seeding and Planting
 Seeding/Planting:-It is the art of placing seeds in the soil under
optimum moisture content and soi...
Seeding /planting….
 Method of sowing/planting
 Broadcasting:- It is the scattering of seeds on prepared/pulverized fiel...
Method of seeding…
 Drilling:-It is the dropping of cereal crops seeds in the furrow
through seed tubes using seed drills...
Seeding/transplanting…
Transplanting:- It is done commonly for
paddy,vegetables, flowers,and fruits crops for
better yiel...
Seeding and planting Machines
 Classification of seeding and planting
machines
Conventional types of seeding and plantin...
Seeding and planting machines
 Function of seeding and planting machines:-Seeding and
planting machines are designed, dev...
Types of Seeding and Planting
Machines
 Plain Drills(traditional type) and Seed cum Fertilizers
Drills – Manually metered...
Seeding and planting Machines…..
 Seed cum fertilizers drills:-
 Animal drawn trailing type with rear cage wheel for sup...
Seeding and planting machine…..
 Basic functional requirements of a perfect seed
cum fertilizer drills
It should open fu...
Seeding and planting machine..
 Calibration of seed drill:- Manufacturers
calibrate the seed drill when it is first
built...
Seeding and planting machine…
Wheel have to move=50/1.5=33.33 turn to cover
that distance
Taking 10% slippage actual tur...
Seeding and planting machine…..
 Components of seed cum fertilizer drills
Seed cum fertilizer drills frame:-It if angle ...
 Mechanical seed metering ,dropping
component:-It consist of two types feed or
metering devices at the bottom of seed box...
Seed metering device
Seed metering device
Seed metering mechanism
Seed metering mechanism
Seed metering mechanism
Planter with seed metering
mechanism
Seed cum ferti drill
Seed cum fertilizer drill in operation
Seeding and planting machine…
These feeding devices are connected with
chain drive and gear sets for changing the
speed o...
Seeding and planting machine….
Pneumatic or jet drills with seed metering
device:-After the seed metering the seeds are
t...
PTO drive Pneumatic or jet metering
drill
Pneumatic PTO driving drill
S&P machine
 Furrow opening component:- Furrow openers in seed
cum fertilizer drills are provided to facilitate the
place...
S&P Machine
 Seed covering and packing component:- Different
types of attachment are available for covering the
planted o...
S&P machine
• Setting row markers:- setting markers is a
must for any seed drills for accurate seed
drilling.It gives the ...
Seed cum fertilizer drill
PTO shaft powered Seed planter
Minimum till seed drill
PTO drive maize seed planter/seeder
Maize/corn after planting
Zero till seed drill
Tractor drawn seed cum fertilizer drill
Zero till planter/seeder
Sunflower planter
Seeder /Planter
Seed cum fertilizer drill
Paddy Transplanter
• Paddy transplanter:-Successful paddy
transplanter were not available in the market
over a decade ago....
Manually transplanting
Transplanting manually
Rice transplanter
Rice transplanter
Walking type transplanter
Powertiller operated Transplanter
Machine operated transplanter
Hand tractor operated transplanter
transplanter
Demonstration
Walking type
Walking type
Mud ridge bed transplanter
Transplanted rice
Student research on transplanter
Student on research
Line sketch of transplanter
transplanter
Small and handy type transplanter
Rice drum seeder
• Rice drum seeder is a device for paddy cultivation in
which direct seeding of rice seed is placed in mu...
Manual rice drum seeder
Manual rice drum seeder
Rice drum seeder
Rice drum seeder
Rice drum seeder
Rice drum seeder
Rice of rice drum seeder
Weeder used in rice field (drum
seeder)
Rice of rice drum seeder
weeder
Direct rice seeder
Direct rice seeder
Direct Rice seeder
Rice seeder
Conservation farming machines(zero
till)
 Conversation tillage(Minimum tillage or Zero
tillage/No tillage) drills and pla...
Zero till
In our case the minimum till/zero till seed cum
fertilizer drill is used to open furrow by a furrow
opener to f...
Zero till seed drill machine
Zero till planter/seeder
Zero till crop
Zero till maize
Zero till maize
Zero till seed drill
Zero till crop
Zero till seed drill
Zero till seed drill
Zero till seed drill
Zero till Jet drill(Pneumatic pressure)
Planters
• Sugarcane planter:-Sugarcane planters now a
days are commercially available which were
designed and developed b...
Sugarcane crop
Sugarcane seed harvester
Sugarcane sets
Sugarcane planting manually
Sugarcane planter
Sugarcane planter
Sugarcane planter
Sugarcane planter
Sugarcane harvester
Sugarcane planted field
Sugarcane planted field
Sugarcane planted field
Planter
 Potato Planter:- The slow,laborious hand dropping
method of potato planting has been replaced by the
use of mech...
Potato seed
Double row potato Planter
Potato planter in working field
Potato planter
Multi row potato planter
Two row Potato planter
Single row planter
Hand Tractor operated planter
Potato planter
Vegetable planter
Ridges planter
Ridge planter(vegetable)
That,s All
Thank you to all, for
good listening for
gaining Knowledge
and Skill
Sowing and planting machines
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Sowing and planting machines

11,708 views

Published on

Er. Uttam Raj Timilsina(MSc.Engineering,IIT Roorkee)
Professor of Agricultural Engineering,Agriculture and Forestry University (AFU), Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal
uttamrajtimilsina@gmail.com
*All Right Reserved**
Uploaded and Shared by AgriYouthNepal

Published in: Engineering
  • can we a fevor of a indian farmer ,his social, spritual ,personal,mental,economical etc. all these problames depend on finance. so what to do ? i have a suggeshon.
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here

Sowing and planting machines

  1. 1. Sowing and Planting Machines(2L) Prepared by Er. Uttam Raj Timilsina(MSc.Engineering,IIT Roorkee) Professor of Agricultural Engineering,AFU uttamrajtimilsina@gmail.com, 9841684994 For Batch 2069/2070,BSc.Ag,4th semester(071/7/16-071/10/15) Course Code:AEN-301,Farm Power and Machinery(1+1
  2. 2. Sowing and Planting Machines  Method/type of seeding and planting  Metering mechanism for seeds and fertilizers in seed cum fertilizers drills and planters  Type of furrow openers and covers  Zero tills/minimum tills drills and planters  Potato and Sugarcane planters  Rice drum seeder and paddy transplanters
  3. 3. Seeding and Planting  Seeding/Planting:-It is the art of placing seeds in the soil under optimum moisture content and soil temperature condition to obtain:  Good germination.  To get high yield, with right amount of seeds governed by seed rate calculation, placed at right time at a predetermined depth and spacing in irrigated and rain-fed soil.  The sowing depth depends upon available moisture content of soil, seed emergence capacity and covering of seed by soil to protect from sun drying as well as birds eating.  Similarly the spacing between seed depends upon plant growth and their distribution characteristics( rooting and branching) per unit area, required plant environment, plant density and space requirement for intercultural operation by machines or manually.  Generally larger seeds like maize are shown at greater depth with wider spacing in comparison to smaller seeds like mustard ,wheat etc.
  4. 4. Seeding /planting….  Method of sowing/planting  Broadcasting:- It is the scattering of seeds on prepared/pulverized field surface with covering the seed by soil by manipulating the soil or planking it over.Higher rate of seeding is required in this method. It is mostly used for cereals upland crops like millet,wheat,paddy, and other grass crops/fodder crops as indigenous/older type of seeding/farming.It mostly done manually and some machines are also available now a days  Dibbling:- it is the placing two or more seeds in a holes made in soil either by hand tools or by some implement/seed planter. Dibbling is done in a small plots and used for vegetable crops manually or by the use of seed planter  Seed dropping behind the plough:-It is used for larger seeds like maize peas, gram as well as also used for wheat and barley as a older method of seeding with the operation of indigenous plow to open furrow and dropping the seed by another man or women following the plowing
  5. 5. Method of seeding…  Drilling:-It is the dropping of cereal crops seeds in the furrow through seed tubes using seed drills machine with metering mechanism of seed mechanically. In case of seed drills machine the number of rows planted at a time are more with accuracy of proper depth of sowing, space of sowing and amount of seed to be used as pre-calculated seed rate.  Hill dropping:-It is the method in which seeds are sown in lines/rows with dropping the seeds at a fixed spacing by the use of seed planter or manually for cotton, maize instead of continuous drilling  Check rowing:-It is the method in which seeding is done with the use of seed planter or manually with fixing row to row and plant to plant spacing equal and being placed the seeds in square check making possible to do intercultural operation from both directions
  6. 6. Seeding/transplanting… Transplanting:- It is done commonly for paddy,vegetables, flowers,and fruits crops for better yields.Seedlings are grown in nurseries with better care and nourishment then transplanting is done into another properly prepared field.Transplanting in lines/rows is done by manually or using mechanical transplanters in case of paddy farming.
  7. 7. Seeding and planting Machines  Classification of seeding and planting machines Conventional types of seeding and planting machines(Seed drills,planters used in well land prepared field) Conservation types of seeding and planting machines(zero tillage/minimum tillage seed drills,planters used in unprepared land with minimum tillage around seed placing areas only in a single operation
  8. 8. Seeding and planting machines  Function of seeding and planting machines:-Seeding and planting machines are designed, developed and manufactured to perform the following function  It develops/opens a furrow of uniform depth in conservation as well as conventional tillage mechanism  It meters the seeds at controlled rate with seed metering devices and drops uniformly at a desired depth without injury  It meters fertilizers at controlled rate and drops uniformly at desired depth without mixing with seeds  It keeps seeds at proper depth and spacing ,in case of seed drills continuous seeding in rows and in case of row planter,keeping seed to seed spacing  It covers the seeds by soil with proper compaction around them for excellent soil moisture contact
  9. 9. Types of Seeding and Planting Machines  Plain Drills(traditional type) and Seed cum Fertilizers Drills – Manually metered drills,Mechanically metered drills,and Pneumatically metered drills for wheat,mustard, barley,and other crops  Seed planters/Row crop Planter/Seed dibblers- Manually operated or mechanically operated like potato planter,Sugarcane planter, corn planter, cotton planter,vegetable seed planter etc.  Transplanters for seedlings transplantation -for paddy,vegetables,fruits etc
  10. 10. Seeding and planting Machines…..  Seed cum fertilizers drills:-  Animal drawn trailing type with rear cage wheel for supporting as well as providing power for moving seed metering devices  Tractor drawn seed cum fertilizers drills o Tractor mounted type:-In this type the complete machine is mounted on tractor,s three point linkage and power for operating seed dropping mechanism for a pneumatically metered or jet drills is taken from PTO shaft o Trailing type:-Very common in Asian countries and have its front, supported on tractors hitch while the rear end has two cage wheels supporting the seed drills machine as well as providing power for moving the seed metering and dropping mechanism through suitable gear and chain connection. Generally 12 rows with 18 cm spacing, that is 2meter coverage size are available for tractor drawn
  11. 11. Seeding and planting machine…..  Basic functional requirements of a perfect seed cum fertilizer drills It should open furrow to a uniform depth Seeds must be dropped with uniformity and without any injury There should be a system to control the seeding rate There should be a system to control the seeding depth and adjustment if required It should cover the seed with moist soil after planting with proper contact
  12. 12. Seeding and planting machine..  Calibration of seed drill:- Manufacturers calibrate the seed drill when it is first built.However as the seed drill wears out and different seed varieties are used the recalibration is needed.Process of calibration is as follows Measure the circumference of the drive wheel=1.5 m Drilling width of machine=2 m Take a field of 10 by 10 m= 100 sqm than distance covered= 1oo/2=50 m
  13. 13. Seeding and planting machine… Wheel have to move=50/1.5=33.33 turn to cover that distance Taking 10% slippage actual turn comes to 33.33*0.9=30 turns Raise the seed drill for free movement of ground wheel,turn the wheel for 30 turns collect the seed dropped for 30 turns ,take the weight and calculate for 1 ha,match with seed rate /ha,if nof found again repeat the process by adjusting seeding rate liver to drop more or less seed to drop accordingly
  14. 14. Seeding and planting machine…..  Components of seed cum fertilizer drills Seed cum fertilizer drills frame:-It if angle iron reinforced frame which withstand all load like load of seed ,fertilizer,seed drills machine itself and jerks due to working on rough terrain/field. Seeds placing hopper/ chamber/ :-It consist of sheet metal box having sloppy narrow bottom for grains dropping at the bottom easily Fertilizer placing hopper/chamber:-fitted with agitator
  15. 15.  Mechanical seed metering ,dropping component:-It consist of two types feed or metering devices at the bottom of seed box o fluted roller feed device:-It consist of feed roller,feed cutoff and adjustment gate mounted on shaft o Double run feed device with double faced roller for multi crop seed metering device:-It consist of double faced wheel, one face having larger opening for larger seed metering and other face having smaller opening for smaller seeds metering.
  16. 16. Seed metering device
  17. 17. Seed metering device
  18. 18. Seed metering mechanism
  19. 19. Seed metering mechanism
  20. 20. Seed metering mechanism
  21. 21. Planter with seed metering mechanism
  22. 22. Seed cum ferti drill
  23. 23. Seed cum fertilizer drill in operation
  24. 24. Seeding and planting machine… These feeding devices are connected with chain drive and gear sets for changing the speed of feed drive to change the required seed metering situation Seeds after metering mechanism drop into flexible feed tubes fitted with metering device at the top and with furrow opener at the bottom
  25. 25. Seeding and planting machine…. Pneumatic or jet drills with seed metering device:-After the seed metering the seeds are thrown by air pressure to the furrow opener with the help of power from PTO shaft for running metering devices and dropping device.Pneumatic or jet drills are more advanced in comparison to mechanical seed drills.Similarly mechanical seed drills are also in advanced stage in comparison to manually operated seed drills
  26. 26. PTO drive Pneumatic or jet metering drill
  27. 27. Pneumatic PTO driving drill
  28. 28. S&P machine  Furrow opening component:- Furrow openers in seed cum fertilizer drills are provided to facilitate the placement of seed and fertilizers at a proper depth and spacing in case of conventional and conservation or minimum tillage/ zero tillage seed cum fertilizer drills  Furrow openers are of two types as rotating types and fixed types  Rotating types are single disc type and double disc type  Similarly fixed types are shoe type, hoe type, shovel type, chisel point type, curved runner type and inverted T-type etc used depending upon soil type, moisture condition, conventional or conservation tillage
  29. 29. S&P Machine  Seed covering and packing component:- Different types of attachment are available for covering the planted or seeded field which are as chain drags , v shaped drags,seed packers wheel, soil press wheels, levelling blades,plankers etc  Transport wheel cum power transmitting component:- power for moving seed metering devices is supplied either from ground wheel in case of trailing type seed drills or from PTO shaft of the tractor in case of tractor mounted seed drills.Tractor mounted are more advanced seed drills than trailing types.
  30. 30. S&P machine • Setting row markers:- setting markers is a must for any seed drills for accurate seed drilling.It gives the mark on the soil on which front left wheel of tractor must travel on its next turn.
  31. 31. Seed cum fertilizer drill
  32. 32. PTO shaft powered Seed planter
  33. 33. Minimum till seed drill
  34. 34. PTO drive maize seed planter/seeder
  35. 35. Maize/corn after planting
  36. 36. Zero till seed drill
  37. 37. Tractor drawn seed cum fertilizer drill
  38. 38. Zero till planter/seeder
  39. 39. Sunflower planter
  40. 40. Seeder /Planter
  41. 41. Seed cum fertilizer drill
  42. 42. Paddy Transplanter • Paddy transplanter:-Successful paddy transplanter were not available in the market over a decade ago.Now a days Japanese and Chinese model of paddy transplanter are available in our research farms for experimental research/action research for adoption in farmers field conditions. Due to the out migration of labor force from rural areas, rice cultivation is in very difficult situation without available human lalor as well as without the adoption of paddy transplanter from outside of the country.
  43. 43. Manually transplanting
  44. 44. Transplanting manually
  45. 45. Rice transplanter
  46. 46. Rice transplanter
  47. 47. Walking type transplanter
  48. 48. Powertiller operated Transplanter
  49. 49. Machine operated transplanter
  50. 50. Hand tractor operated transplanter
  51. 51. transplanter
  52. 52. Demonstration
  53. 53. Walking type
  54. 54. Walking type
  55. 55. Mud ridge bed transplanter
  56. 56. Transplanted rice
  57. 57. Student research on transplanter
  58. 58. Student on research
  59. 59. Line sketch of transplanter
  60. 60. transplanter
  61. 61. Small and handy type transplanter
  62. 62. Rice drum seeder • Rice drum seeder is a device for paddy cultivation in which direct seeding of rice seed is placed in muddy soil/puddle soil to have good germination of seed instead of rice seedling transplantation by using a machine called Rice Drum Seeder. It is more popular and cost effective in the rice growing regions where labor shortage is a serious problem at the time of rice transplanting. It is the method of rice growing without reduction in yield in comparison to transplanted rice even with reduction of cost of cultivation. So it is realized more beneficial, with low cost of cultivation as not required the tedious job of transplanting.
  63. 63. Manual rice drum seeder
  64. 64. Manual rice drum seeder
  65. 65. Rice drum seeder
  66. 66. Rice drum seeder
  67. 67. Rice drum seeder
  68. 68. Rice drum seeder
  69. 69. Rice of rice drum seeder
  70. 70. Weeder used in rice field (drum seeder)
  71. 71. Rice of rice drum seeder
  72. 72. weeder
  73. 73. Direct rice seeder
  74. 74. Direct rice seeder
  75. 75. Direct Rice seeder
  76. 76. Rice seeder
  77. 77. Conservation farming machines(zero till)  Conversation tillage(Minimum tillage or Zero tillage/No tillage) drills and planters:-  It is the farming practice in which attachment of planter,seed drills and soil packer with plowing is done so that plowing and planting are completed simultaneously at a single operation.Machines or equipments are used to do as many jobs as possible in one operation.  A set of equipments are designed to apply preemergent chemical for weed control,to plow at minimun level around seeding/planting areas, to plant with fertilizer application in one operation for conservation farming/minimum tillage farming.
  78. 78. Zero till In our case the minimum till/zero till seed cum fertilizer drill is used to open furrow by a furrow opener to form a straight crack in moist soil where seed and fertilizer is placed and soil is pressed to cover the seed. Without removing the grass and crop residues. In USA it has been practiced since 1973 and had found cost effective by reducing cost of cultivation and having more yield in comparison to conventional farming system
  79. 79. Zero till seed drill machine
  80. 80. Zero till planter/seeder
  81. 81. Zero till crop
  82. 82. Zero till maize
  83. 83. Zero till maize
  84. 84. Zero till seed drill
  85. 85. Zero till crop
  86. 86. Zero till seed drill
  87. 87. Zero till seed drill
  88. 88. Zero till seed drill
  89. 89. Zero till Jet drill(Pneumatic pressure)
  90. 90. Planters • Sugarcane planter:-Sugarcane planters now a days are commercially available which were designed and developed by Indian Institute of Sugarcane research(IISR).Both animal drawn as well as tractor drawn planter machine are available for flat planting of sugarcane sets.In developed countries sugarcane planter are so advanced that even farmers can afford the planter in commercial farming with cost effective manner
  91. 91. Sugarcane crop
  92. 92. Sugarcane seed harvester
  93. 93. Sugarcane sets
  94. 94. Sugarcane planting manually
  95. 95. Sugarcane planter
  96. 96. Sugarcane planter
  97. 97. Sugarcane planter
  98. 98. Sugarcane planter
  99. 99. Sugarcane harvester
  100. 100. Sugarcane planted field
  101. 101. Sugarcane planted field
  102. 102. Sugarcane planted field
  103. 103. Planter  Potato Planter:- The slow,laborious hand dropping method of potato planting has been replaced by the use of mechanical planter that open the furrow, drop the potato seed at specified place,place fertilizer to the side and below the level of seed and cover both seed and fertilizer to the desired depth.Animal drawn as well as tractor drawn potato planter are available in market.Potato planters are semi automatic and automatic types.In semi automatic type the operator places the different size and shape of seed from hopper into the metering device to deliver into furrow.however automatic planters extensively used in Europe and America need graded seed tubers.
  104. 104. Potato seed
  105. 105. Double row potato Planter
  106. 106. Potato planter in working field
  107. 107. Potato planter
  108. 108. Multi row potato planter
  109. 109. Two row Potato planter
  110. 110. Single row planter
  111. 111. Hand Tractor operated planter
  112. 112. Potato planter
  113. 113. Vegetable planter
  114. 114. Ridges planter
  115. 115. Ridge planter(vegetable)
  116. 116. That,s All Thank you to all, for good listening for gaining Knowledge and Skill

×