Esperanto: A Language for       Engineers         A. Giridhar RAO   agiridhar.rao@gmail.com &      giridhar.rao@iiit.ac.in
Esperanto?    What? Planned language for international    communication    Why? Easy to learn    And? Not the cultural ...
Esperanto – How does it sound?    Mia nomo estas Giri.    Mi loĝas en Hajderabado.    Hajderabado estas la ĉefurbo de A...
Why Esperanto? - 1    English, French, Chinese, Hindi, Telugu...    take too long to learn!    Being forced to master so...
Why Esperanto? - 2    Esperanto    −   is an easy, “open-source”, democratic        solution    −   helps in learning oth...
What is Esperanto?    Planned language for international    communication    Easy to learn    Not the cultural property...
Lejzer Ludwik ZAMENHOF       (1859-1917)
Zamenhofs Esperanto - 1    Russian, Polish, German (fluently);    Yiddish, French, Hebrew, Greek, Latin,    English (less...
Zamenhofs Esperanto - 2    Volapük? Johann Martin SCHLEYER    So, Esperanto was not the first planned    language? Certa...
Planned Languages - AAawaaniaan, Acian, Adelfiy, Adelic, Adinjo, Adunalingvo, Aeldarspragc (Dale Morris), Aelya (C. Morela...
What is Esperanto?    Planned language for international    communication    Easy to learn    Not the cultural property...
Esperanto: the affixes - 1    Ĉevalo (= Horse / Stallion )    Ĉevalino ( = Mare )    Ĉevalido ( = Foal / Colt )    Ĉev...
Esperanto: la afiksoj - 2    Arbo = a tree + -ar- = a group of things    −   Arbaro = a forest (vort-ar-o; hom-ar-o)    ...
Esperanto: the affixes - 3    -ej- = a place; Skribejo = a room where    we sit and write; Skribilejo = a room    where y...
Esperanto: the affixes - 4    Ino (female), Ido (child), Aro (set), Ilo    (tool), Ejo (place), Isto (professional) –    ...
Why Esperanto? - 1    English, French, Chinese, Hindi, Telugu...    take too long to learn!    Esperanto? How long?
Why Esperanto? - 1    Basic French? Basic German? 100-200    hours of classes (+ homework!)    Basic Esperanto? 40 hours...
Esperanto: the community - 1    Guestimate: About a million speakers    (Factoid: half the worlds 7000 lang. have    les...
Esperanto: the community - 2    150-200 books every year    Esperanto Wikipedia: > 168 000 articles;    with ~ 12 000 hi...
How to learn Esperanto    Free Esperanto courses (in > 30    languages!) at              WWW.LERNU.NET
Esperanto: the flavour  Soneto 18 de Ŝekspiro (Tr. Reto Rosetti)Ĉu mi komparu vin al tag somera?    Sed jam ne velkos via ...
Esperanto: Lingvo por Inĝenieroj
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Esperanto -- a language for engineers

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A presentation on Esperanto. Venue: International Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad, India. Date: 18 August 2012

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Esperanto -- a language for engineers

  1. 1. Esperanto: A Language for Engineers A. Giridhar RAO agiridhar.rao@gmail.com & giridhar.rao@iiit.ac.in
  2. 2. Esperanto? What? Planned language for international communication Why? Easy to learn And? Not the cultural property of any nation or group: humanitys “common resource”
  3. 3. Esperanto – How does it sound? Mia nomo estas Giri. Mi loĝas en Hajderabado. Hajderabado estas la ĉefurbo de Andhra- Pradeŝo. Andhra-Pradeŝo estas en suda Barato. Barato estas granda lando en la kontinento Azio.
  4. 4. Why Esperanto? - 1 English, French, Chinese, Hindi, Telugu... take too long to learn! Being forced to master someone elses language is unfair. We need a more even playing-field: linguistic democracy.
  5. 5. Why Esperanto? - 2 Esperanto − is an easy, “open-source”, democratic solution − helps in learning other languages faster − promotes global citizenship − a tool for peace-building
  6. 6. What is Esperanto? Planned language for international communication Easy to learn Not the cultural property of any nation or group
  7. 7. Lejzer Ludwik ZAMENHOF (1859-1917)
  8. 8. Zamenhofs Esperanto - 1 Russian, Polish, German (fluently); Yiddish, French, Hebrew, Greek, Latin, English (less well). Some knowledge of Spanish, Lithuanian and Volapük July 1887 La Unua Libro – 125 years Some original poetry Translated Old Testament, Hamlet, Goethe, Heine, Schiller, Gogol
  9. 9. Zamenhofs Esperanto - 2 Volapük? Johann Martin SCHLEYER So, Esperanto was not the first planned language? Certainly not! Over a 1000 such projects through human history!
  10. 10. Planned Languages - AAawaaniaan, Acian, Adelfiy, Adelic, Adinjo, Adunalingvo, Aeldarspragc (Dale Morris), Aelya (C. Moreland-Stringham), Aeo (Jonathana Tegire), Aertran (A. B.Basham), Afga, Aftesalono, Ahua (R. K.), Akbiekdi,Alarian, Aldana (R. D. Cooper), Alevain (SydneyMathew Willoughby), Alesi, Allmiror, Almalinian,Almaqerin, Alpha Smart, Alphistian, Altayko, Aluric,Alzetjan (H. Miller), Amaringa, Amaubo, Amelic,Ámman-Iâr, Amtorian, Andan, Ande, Anawanda,Aninese, Antelangua, Arcaicam Esperantom, Arden,Arkian, Arumo (lingvo), Ascian, Asiteya, Assi (P.Pfeaster), Astegonagraphianek, Atlanteano, Atlo-Greka,Aulingese, Auxilingua (J. Bowks, 1979) (Bazita surInterlingua), Auxilia, (G. Morin, 1947) Ayeis(http://eo.wikipedia.org/wiki/Listo_de_planlingvoj)
  11. 11. What is Esperanto? Planned language for international communication Easy to learn Not the cultural property of any nation or group
  12. 12. Esperanto: the affixes - 1 Ĉevalo (= Horse / Stallion ) Ĉevalino ( = Mare ) Ĉevalido ( = Foal / Colt ) Ĉevalidino ( = Filly ) Ĉevalejo ( = Stable ) Ĉevala ( = Horse-like / Equine )
  13. 13. Esperanto: la afiksoj - 2 Arbo = a tree + -ar- = a group of things − Arbaro = a forest (vort-ar-o; hom-ar-o) Skribi = to write + -aĵ- = something concrete; something tangible − Skribaĵo = some writing; something written -il- = a tool; Skribilo = a pen; Skribilaro = stationery, a bunch of things you need to write with, paper, pens, erasers, etc.
  14. 14. Esperanto: the affixes - 3 -ej- = a place; Skribejo = a room where we sit and write; Skribilejo = a room where you keep pens -ist- = a professional; Skribisto = a professional writer, a scribe Skribilisto = someone who professionally makes or sells pens Skribilaristo = a stationery producer or seller
  15. 15. Esperanto: the affixes - 4 Ino (female), Ido (child), Aro (set), Ilo (tool), Ejo (place), Isto (professional) – words in themselves; lexical affixes Thus: inismo (feminism); ilaro (tool-kit) Highly productive derivational morphology; intensively agglutinatingResult: in John Wells Eo-En / En-Eo dict. (2010), 10 315 entries in Eo; 22 300 in En
  16. 16. Why Esperanto? - 1 English, French, Chinese, Hindi, Telugu... take too long to learn! Esperanto? How long?
  17. 17. Why Esperanto? - 1 Basic French? Basic German? 100-200 hours of classes (+ homework!) Basic Esperanto? 40 hours max! School English? 10 000–15 000 hours of learning! – Nursery, LKG, UKG, Class 1-10 = 13 years – 5 hours every day; 200 days per year = 1000 hours per year of English – Nursery to Class 10 = 13 000 hours of English
  18. 18. Esperanto: the community - 1 Guestimate: About a million speakers (Factoid: half the worlds 7000 lang. have less than 3000 speakers!) Universala Esperanto-Asocio (Rotterdam): 18 000 members in 111 countries (previous prezidanto: Probal Dasgupta, Kolkato, Barato) ~ 200 families where Esperanto is one of the home languages
  19. 19. Esperanto: the community - 2 150-200 books every year Esperanto Wikipedia: > 168 000 articles; with ~ 12 000 hits per hour! 97th World Congress of Esperanto, July 2012, Hanoi, Vietnam 98th World Congress, Reykjavík, Iceland Online communities
  20. 20. How to learn Esperanto Free Esperanto courses (in > 30 languages!) at WWW.LERNU.NET
  21. 21. Esperanto: the flavour Soneto 18 de Ŝekspiro (Tr. Reto Rosetti)Ĉu mi komparu vin al tag somera? Sed jam ne velkos via plensomeroVi estas ja pli bela kaj serena Nek dekliniĝos de lbeleco nunaMajflorojn ofte vipas vent severa La morto vin ne tenos kun fieroKaj tro maldaŭras la somero bena. Se vin la vers eterna gardas juna.Jen brulas la okulo de lĉielo Dum homoj spiros kaj okuloj vidosJen vualiĝas ĝia vido ora Vivante en vivanta vers vi sidos.Kaj iam senbeliĝas ĉiu beloLaŭ voj natura aŭ pro fat rigora
  22. 22. Esperanto: Lingvo por Inĝenieroj

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