20140327 rda plazi_final

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  • RDA third Plenary, Dublin, March 27, 2014. Lecture held at the RDA/CODATA lLegal Interoperability Interest Group meeting.
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20140327 rda plazi_final

  1. 1. Case study 2: (Plazi) Treatment Repository Donat Agosti & Willi Egloff (Plazi, Bern) March 27, 2014 Dublin, RDA Third Plenary Meeting, RDA/CODATA Legal Interoperability IG
  2. 2. Overview Who are we? The issue The Plazi workflow The legal aspects Synopsis
  3. 3. Extensive decentralized biodiversity infrastructure Plants 3,400 Herbaria worldwide 10,000 Associate curators and specialists 350,000,000 specimens in collections 180,000,000 specimens digitized 2,000,000,000 specimens including animals Source: gbif.org; http://sciweb.nybg.org/science2/IndexHerbariorum.asp
  4. 4. 200,000,000+ printed pages 1,900,000 species described 20,000,000+ species treatments 17,000 new species per year Biodiversity libraries BUT: The data are hidden Incomplete digitization Publications are unstructured Collections are incomplete Data are not linked Most data are not open
  5. 5. Names as information tags in life sciences Names Characteristics Publications GenesCollections Specimens Distribution
  6. 6. A global reference system for spatial data 60 48'9.75"N 50 50'1.23"E
  7. 7. A global reference system for species related data (http://www.yourwildlife.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/Common-ant-collage.jpg) 2D78C98D- 0B15-4362- 8DD8- 185983C468FE
  8. 8. A global reference system for species related data Spatial data Taxonomic data Entity Location Species Entity name Location name Scientific Name Reference Geo-Coordinate UUID Reference System Coordinate System Hierarchical System Reference Data Global Map / Global Satellite coverage Global Names Archictecture
  9. 9. Needed: Global Names Architecture http://globalnames.org (Reference system for all names) SEE also: RDA Biodiversity Data Integration IG; RDA Data publishing IG A global reference system for species related data
  10. 10. Formica obsoleta Linnaeus 1758, 580 zoobank.org:act:2D78C98D-0B15-4362-8DD8-185983C468FE Taxonomic name usage defined by a treatment A global reference system for species related data
  11. 11. A global reference system for species related data Treatment: sections of publications documenting the features or distribution of a related group of organisms (called a “taxon”, plural “taxa”) in ways adhering to highly formalized conventions. (Catapano, 2010) Formica obsoleta, Linnaeus 1758: 580
  12. 12. Formica obsoleta Linnaeus 1758, 580 zoobank.org:act:2D78C98D-0B15-4362-8DD8-185983C468FE Taxonomic name usage defined by a treatment treatment.plazi.org/id/2D78C98D-0B15-4362-8DD8-185983 C468FE A global reference system for species related data
  13. 13. Text <tax:treatment> <tax:nomenclature> <tax:name> <tax:xid source="HNS" identifier="193329"/> <tax:xmldata> <dc:Genus>Mystrium</dc:Genus> <dc:Species>leonie</dc:Species> </tax:xmldata> Mystrium leonie </tax:name> Bohn & Verhaagh <tax:status>n. sp.</tax:status> Fig 1 D - F </tax:nomenclature> <tax:div type="description"> <tax:p>HOLOTYPE WORKER: TL 3.95, HL 1.02, HW 0. 1.30, SI 137, PW 0.73, ML 0.38. Mandible oute to a sharp apical tooth, the apex parallel to (Holotype with material in mandibles, so mand $ described below from paratypes.) Median cly .... </treatment> Enhanced and linked text Formalization of taxonomic publications
  14. 14. Links Conversionn
  15. 15. The way forward or prospective publishing Fresh of press: fully automated distribution of data from publications From discovery to publcation in three weeks …
  16. 16. What does this mean? Linked Open Data Cloud http://www.w3.org/wiki/SweoIG/TaskForces/CommunityProjects/LinkingOpenData
  17. 17. Plazi workflow: overview
  18. 18. 1 Million Treatment Goal to complement Global Names Architecture name usages with the respective treatments Semantic enhanced linked publishing
  19. 19. Funding
  20. 20. The real issue
  21. 21. Access to ant taxonomic publications through antbase.org /Smithsonian Institution, including currently the entire body of non-copyrighted publications since 1758 (>4,000 publications or The real issue: copyright
  22. 22. Restrictions to information exchange: - National security / data protection (n/a) - Copyright (only "works") - Database protection (only private commercial databases) - Data use agreements Copyright issues
  23. 23. Obstacles to Plazi workflow: - Scanning / reproduction of works - Scanning / reproduction of databases - Making available of works Copyright issues
  24. 24. Legal base for actual workflow - Legal license for internal use in organizations / institutions (Art. 19 CH-Copyright Act) - No database protection in CH - Legal license overrules data use agreements Copyright issues
  25. 25. Making available: - Only non copyrighted data (names, treatments, references, ... See http://plazi.org/?q=blue_list) - Works (original publications) restricted to internal use Copyright issues
  26. 26. Removing further hurdles to information exchange: - Suggest mandatory legal licenses for research purposes at EU-level - Explore application of extended collective licenses (Scandinavian countries) - Introduce extended collective licenses into CH-copyright law Copyright issues
  27. 27. For further reading: http://plazi.org/?q=plazi_publications http://plazi.org Thank you very much! Donat Agosti & Willi Egloff agosti@plazi.org

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